Main Contents 1. Water pricing in irrigation: The lifetime of an idea, F Molle and J Berkhoff 2. Water pricing in irrigation: Mapping the debate in the light of experience, F Molle and J Berkhoff 3. Why is agricultural water demand irresponsive at low price ranges? C de Fraiture, IWMI; and C Perry, WaterWatch 4. 'Get the prices right': A model of water prices and irrigation efficiency in Maharashtra, India, I Ray, University of California, USA 5. Thailand's 'Free Water': Rationale for a water charge and policy shifts, F Molle 6. Water rights and water fees in Tanzania, B van Koppen, IWMI; C Sokile, UNESCO; B Lankford, University of East Anglia, UK; N Hatibu, SWMnet, ASARECA, Tanzania; H Mahoo, SWMRG, Tanzania; and P Yanda, University of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania 7. Who will pay for water? The Vietnamese state's dilemma of decentralization of water management in the Red River Delta, J P Fontenelle, GRET, France; F Molle and Hugh Turral, IWMI 8. Water pricing in Haryana, India, P Hellegers, IWMI; C Perry; and J Berkoff 9. Energy-Irrigation Nexus in South Asia: Pricing versus rationing as practical tool for efficient resource allocation, T Shah, IWMI India; C Scott, University of Arizona, USA; J Berkoff, A Kishore, Princeton University, USA; A Sharma, PriceWaterhouseCoopers 10. Wells and canals in Jordan: Can pricing policies regulate irrigation water use? J P Venot, IWMI/GECKO Laboratory; F Molle; Y Hasan Ayadi, Ministry of Water and Irrigation/Jordan Valley Authority, Jordan 11. Water pricing in Tadla, Morocco, P Hellegers; C Perry; and T Petitguyot 12. Water pricing policies and recent reforms in China: The conflict between conservation and other policy goals, B Lohmar, USDA Economic Research Service; Bo L, China Inst. of Water Resources; Quiqiong H, University of Minnesota, USA; Zhanyi G, China Inst. of Water Resources 13. Water pricing and irrigation: A review of the European experience, J Berbel, Agricultural Economics Universidad de Cordoba, Spain; J Calatrava, Universidad Politecnica de Cartagena, Spain; A Garrido, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain 14. Policy-driven determinants of irrigation development and environmental sustainability: A case study in Spain, C Varela-Ortega, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain.