Books  Physical Sciences  Earth & Planetary Sciences  Geophysics & Geochemistry 

Deformation of Earth Materials: An Introduction to the Rheology of Solid Earth


By: Shun-ichiro Karato

463 pages, 143 line diagrams, 27 tabs, 8 col plates, 58 half tones

Cambridge University Press

Paperback | Jul 2012 | #197725 | ISBN-13: 9781107406056
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £61.99 $76/€69 approx
Hardback | Feb 2008 | #172124 | ISBN-13: 9780521844048
Out of Print Details

About this book

This graduate textbook, first published in 2008, presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.

[...] a welcome addition to textbooks dealing with experimental rock mechanics and its application to natural rock deformation. [...] provides by far the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of this field in recent years. [...] its greatest value lies in the drawing together of traditional topics together with more recent developments such as the thermodynamic aspects of rock deformation and links with whole-Earth geodynamics. This is combined with a clear writing style and excellent illustrations to make this an essential addition to a researcher's bookshelf.
- Geological Magazine


Part I. General Background
1. Stress and strain
2. Thermodynamics
3. Phenomenological theory of deformation

Part II. Materials Science of Deformation
4. Elasticity
5. Crystalline defects
6. Experimental techniques in the study of plastic deformation
7. Brittle fracture, brittle-plastic transition
8. Diffusional creep
9. Dislocation creep
10. Effects of pressure and water
11. Physical mechanisms of seismic wave attenuation
12. Deformation of multi-phase materials
13. Grain size
14. Lattice preferred orientation
15. Effects of phase transformations
16. Stability and localization of deformation

Part III. Geological and Geophysical Applications
17. Composition and structure of Earth's interior
18. Time-dependent deformation of Earth and rheological structures
19. Inference of rheological structure of Earth from mineral physics
20. Heterogeneity of seismic wave velocities and its geodynamic significance
21. Seismic anisotropy and its geodynamic significance


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SHUN-ICHIRO KARATO is a professor in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Yale University. His research interests include mineral physics and chemistry, high-pressure/temperature experimental studies and their applications to geophysical and geological problems. Professor Karato is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and a recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt Prize (1995), the Japan Academy Award (1999), and the Vening Meinesz medal from the Vening Meinesz School of Geodynamics in The Netherlands (2006). He is the author of more than 160 journal articles and has written/edited five other books.

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