393 pages, Figs, tabs
Products from the wild are used as medicines, cosmetics, drinks, foods, decorations, and for a multitude of other purposes. These products are used for subsistence, are traded locally and regionally, and comprise an important and growing commercial sector world-wide. Known as non-timber forest products (NTFPs) they contribute substantially to rural livelihoods, generate revenue for companies and governments, and have a range of impacts on biodiversity conservation. Although there are many commonalities in experience with NTFP regulation around the world, there is little information available to harvesters, companies, policy makers, NGOs, and others seeking to develop effective policy frameworks, and the lessons learned in this field are often not easily accessed.
This guide and manual addresses the shortage of technical information available on the drafting, content, and implementation of NTFP policies, and the broader issues of governance associated with these products. It also develops an analytical framework for understanding the diverse issues and elements that combine to create laws and policies that promote sustainable and equitable management, trade and use of species.
The book presents 13 country or regionally-specific case studies that examine experiences with NTFP regulation, including its sometimes unintended consequences, the effect of different policy approaches, the influence of globalization and macro-economic factors, the interface of traditional and scientific knowledge, and the relationships between NTFP regulation, land tenure and resource rights, and power and equity imbalances. Geographic coverage includes Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, China, East and CentralEurope, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Southern Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. Each chapter draws out lessons and recommendations that can be more broadly applied and an overview chapter synthesizes these and other experiences and provides a framework for the development of NTFP policy. A final section makes recommendations for various stakeholders. The volume also includes a review of available literature and resources and an annotated bibliography, including key articles, laws and other resources, linked to the People and Plants International website.
'I can think of no other group of resources that is so important, yet so poorly regulated, than wild products... This timely book does a terrific job of providing a context for improving policies related to the harvest and trade of wild resources. What are the major issues, what works, what clearly doesn't work, and what are the best alternatives? There is a lot to absorb - and hopefully apply - here. The editors are to be congratulated for assembling such a thoughtful and informative collection of papers.' Charles M. Peters, Ph.D., Kate E. Tode Curator of Botany, The New York Botanical Garden 'It is high time to move from anecdotes and eclectic studies on NTFPs to democratic and sustainable plans that foster diverse livelihoods and new relationships to nature. In an exciting work of truly global scope -- drawing on experiences from Mexico to India -- Laird, McLain, and Wynberg have done just that, assembling readable and cutting-edge proposals, which link grounded cases with general principles to fundamentally rethink the rules that govern forests around the world. Researchers in human ecology, forestry, geography, rural sociology, and anthropology will find compelling findings and methods, while resource managers will find real world experiences and practical and implementable principles.' Paul Robbins, Professor and Head, School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, USA 'Before they became products with international markets, celebrity promoters, and an acronym, wild harvested species formed the basis of subsistence livelihoods for communities all over the world. For centuries, these resources were overlooked or ignored by the central governments of most of the countries in which they occur. And then, suddenly, in response to a variety of economic, political, and conservation pressures, it became clear to policymakers that it was time to finally 'do something' about wild products. Over the past few decades, these attempts at governance have produced a bewildering array of laws, tax structures, permit schemes, and policy frameworks that are, at best, confusing and marginally effective. I can think of no other group of resources that is so important, yet so poorly regulated. This timely book does a terrific job of providing a context for improving policies related to the harvest and trade of wild resources. What are the major issues, what works, what clearly doesn't work, and what are the best alternatives? There is a lot to absorb - and hopefully apply - here. The editors are to be congratulated for assembling such a thoughtful and informative collection of papers.' Charles M. Peters, Ph.D., Kate E. Tode Curator of Botany, The New York Botanical Garden
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