Biological Invasions deals with both plants and animals, differing from previous books by extending from the species to an ecosystem and global level. Its 22 chapters cover pathways of biological invasions (e.g. ballast water, waterways), traits of successful invaders (e.g. chemical weapons, empty niches), patterns of invasion and invasibility (e.g. man-induced predisposition by fire, land use and eutrophication, the role of climate change) as well as ecological impacts (e.g. food web shifts, genetic pollution), economy and socio-economy (e.g. ecosystem services and monetary valuation), and prevention and management of biological invasions (e.g. phytosanitary measures, biological control, particularly in view of globalisation).
Topics of highest societal relevance, like impact of genetically modified organisms, are interlinked with more conventional ecological aspects, including biodiversity. The combination of these approaches is new and will make compelling reading for the public sector, too.
1 Biological invasions: why it matters (Nentwig) First section: Pathways of biological invasions Short introduction (Nentwig) 2 Pathways in animal invasions (Nentwig) 3 Pathways in plant invasions (Kowarik, von der Lippe) 4 Is ballast water a major dispersal mechanism for marine organisms? (Gollasch) 5 Waterways as invasion highways -- impact of climate change and globalization (Galil, Nehring, Panov) Second section: Traits of a good invader Short introduction (Nentwig) 6 Integrating ecological and evolutionary theory of biological invasions (Hufbauer, Torchin) 7 Traits associated with invasiveness in alien plants: Where do we stand? (Pysek, Richardson) 8 Do successful invaders exist? Pre-adaptations to novel environments in terrestrial vertebrates (Sol) Third section: Patterns of invasion and invasibility Short introduction (Nentwig) 9 Effects of land management practices on plant invasions in wildland areas (Brooks) 10 Nitrogen enrichment and plant invasions: the importance of nitrogen fixing plants and anthropogenic eutrophication (Scherer-Lorenzen, Olde Venterink, Buschmann) 11 From ecosystem invasibility to local, regional and global patterns of invasive species (Kuhn, Klotz) 12 Will climate change promote alien plant invasions? (Thuiller, Richardson, Midgley) Fourth section: Ecological impact of biological invasions Short introduction (Nentwig) 13 Impacts of invasive species on ecosystem services (Charles, Dukes) 14 Biological invasions by marine jellyfish (Graham, Bayha) 15 Effects of invasive non-native species on the native biodiversity in the river Rhine (Baur, Schmidlin) 16 Hybridization and introgression between native and alien species (Largiader) 17 Genetically modified organisms as invasive species? (Hails, Timms-Wilson) Fifth section: Economy and socio-economy of biological invasions Short introduction (Nentwig) 18 Plant, animal, and microbes invasive species in the United States and World (Pimentel, Pimentel, Wilson) 19 Socio-economic impact and assessment of biological invasions (Binimelis, Born, Monterroso, Rodriguez-Labajos) Sixth section: Prevention and management of biological invasions Short introduction (Nentwig) 20 Economic analysis of invasive species policies (Touza, Dehnen-Schmutz, Jones) 21 Phytosanitary measures to prevent the introduction of invasive species (Hallman) 22 Limits and potentialities of eradication as a tool for addressing biological invasions (Genovesi) 23 Pros and cons of biological control (Babendreier) 24 General conclusion, or what has to be done now? (Nentwig)
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