315 pages, 200 illustrations, 47 in colour
Anthropogenic influences upon the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere and the risk of rapid climate change present the most serious threats to ecosystems and the natural environment. Bioclimatology, hydrology, biohydrology, ecophysiology are important scientific research areas with wide application to environmental protection, forestry, agriculture and water management and protection against natural hazards including drought, floods, wind storms, weather extremes and forest fires.
This collected work presents recent research developments and the interactions between meteorological, climatological, hydrological and biological processes in the atmosphere and soil environment. Authors are renowned scientists and researchers from scientific institutions and universities in Europe, specialising in climate change, soil-plant-atmosphere interactions, hydrologic cycle, ecosystems, biosphere and natural hazards.
Extreme events, risks and climate variability.What climate can we expect in Central/Eastern Europe by 2071--2100?- Detected and expected trends of extreme climate indices for the Carpathian basin.- Precipitation trend analysis for Central Eastern Germany 1851--2006.- Some facts on extreme weather events selection in Slovakia and several results of elaboration.- Wind risk assessment in urban environments: the case of falling trees during windstorm events in Lisbon.- Ozone air pollution in extreme weather situation -- environmental risk in mountain ecosystems. Drought, floods and ecosystem responses.Physiological drought -- how to quantify it?- Occurrence of dry and wet periods in altitudinal vegetation stages of West Carpathians in Slovakia: time-series analysis 1951--2005.- Thermodynamics, irreversibility and optimality in land surface hydrology.-Winter snow supply in small mountain watershed as a potential hazard of spring flood formation.- Mapping of gumbel extreme value distribution parameters for estimation of design precipitation totals at ungauged sites.- Flood prevention and nature conservation -- interdisciplinary evaluation of land use scenarios for an agricultural landscape. Forest bioclimatology, natural hazards and modelling.Risk assessment of the Tatra Mts forest.- Modelling natural disturbances in tree growth model SIBYLA.- Insect pests as climate change driven disturbances in forest Ecosystems.- Genetic background of response of trees to aridification at the xeric forest limit and consequences for bioclimatic modelling.- Seasonal changes in transpiration and soil water content in a spruce primeval forest during a dry period.- Assessment of water deficiency in forest ecosystems: can a simple model of forest water balance produce reliable results?- Forest fire vulnerability analysis.- The paradigm of risk and measuring the vulnerability of forest by natural hazards. Soil and agriculture bioclimatology, natural hazards and responses.Responses of soil microbial activity and functional diversity to disturbance events in the Tatra National Park (Slovakia).- Capacities of modelling to assess buffer strip efficiency to reduce soil loss during heavy rainfall events.- The Influence of climate change on water demands for irrigation of special plants and vegetables in Slovakia.- Climate change impact on spring barley and winter wheat yields on Danubian lowland.- Emissions from agricultural soils as influenced by change of environmental factors.
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