The United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFSA) represents a major international effort to improve fisheries governance, resource recovery, and sustainable development of international fisheries. Straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks are especially vulnerable to overexploitation because of ineffective management regimes and noncompliance by fishing interests. This book explains the international legal framework, summarizes the state of the fisheries, and outlines the efforts of regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs) to adopt and implement key elements of UNFSA: the precautionary approach, the ecosystem approach, decision making, and enforcement.
Part One; 1. Overview of International Legal Instruments Pertaining to Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks; 2. Juridical Status of Fish Stocks; 3. International Fisheries Governance; 4. State of the Fisheries; Part Two; 5. Themes Pertaining to RFMO Regulation of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks; 6. The Precautionary Approach to Fisheries; 7. The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries; 8. Decision-Making and Dispute Settlement; 9. The MCS and Enforcement Regime Afterword; Part Three; Matrices and Maps of RFMOs; Appendix 1 - UNFSA; Appendix 2 - Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas; Appendix 3 - Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries.
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