372 pages, 64 figs, 29 tables
This book details the effects of climate variability on small pelagic fish and their ecosystems and fisheries. Particularly abundant in coastal upwelling regions off the west coasts of the Americas and Africa, off Japan, and in the NE Atlantic, the stocks of these fish fluctuate greatly over the timescale of decades, with large ecological and economic effects.
This book describes the nature and cause of these fluctuations, and their consequences. It outlines results from paleo-oceanographic studies, showing that similar fluctuations have also occurred over the past two millennia. The potential effects of future climate change, both natural and anthropogenic, on stocks and fisheries, are considered. The book concludes by recommending the continued international study and assessment of small pelagic fish in order to best inform management and policy under a changing climate.
It is written for research scientists, academics, and policy makers in fisheries, oceanography, and climate change.
Foreword; Preface; 1. History of international co-operation in research Jurgen Alheit and Andrew Bakun; 2. A short scientific history of the fisheries Alec D. Maccall; 3. Habitats Dave Checkley, Patricia Ayon, Tim R. Baumgartner, Miguel Bernal, J. C. Coetzee, Robert Emmett, Renato Guevara, Larry Hutching, Leire Ibaibarriaga, Hideaki Nakata, Yoshioki Oozeki, Benjamin Planque, Jake Schweigert, Yorgos Stratoudakis and Carl D. Van der Lingen; 4. Variability from scales in marine sediments and other historical records David B. Field, Tim R. Baumgartner, Vicente Ferreira, Dimitri Gutierrez, Hector Lozano-Montes, Renato Salvatteci and Andy Soutar; 5. Decadal-scale variability in populations Jurgen Alheit, Claude Roy and Souad Kifani; 6. Biophysical models Christophe Lett, Kenneth A. Rose and Bernard A. Megrey; 7. Trophic dynamics Carl D. Van der Lingen, Arnaud Bertrand, Antonio Bode, Rick Brodeur, Luis Cubillos, Pepe Espinoza, Kevin Friedland, Susana Garrido, Xabier Irigoien, Todd Miller, Christian Mollman, Ruben Rodriguez Sanchez, Hiroshige Tanaka and Axel Temming; 8. Impacts of fishing and climate change explored using trophic models Lynne Shannon, Marta Coll, Sergio Neira, Philippe Cury and Jean-Paul Roux; 9. Current trends in the assessment and management of stocks Manuel Barange, Miguel Bernal, Maria Cristina Cergole, Luis A. Cubillos, Carryn L. Cunningham, Georgi M. Daskalov, Jose A. A. de Oliveira, Mark Dickey-Collas, Dave J. Gaughan, Kevin Hill, Larry D. Jacobson, Fritz W. Koster, Jacques Masse, Hiroshi Nishida, Miguel Niquen, Yoshioki Ooozeki, Isabella Palomera, Suzana A. Saccardo, Alberto Santojanni, Rodolfo Serra, Stylios Somarakis, Yorgos Stratoudakis, Andres Uriarte, Carl D. Van der Lingen and Akihiko Yatsu; 10. Global production and economics Samuel F. Herrick, Jr., Jerrold G. Norton, Rognvaldur Hannesson, U. Rashid Sumaila, Mahfuzuddin Ahmed and Julio Pena-Torres; 11. Human dimensions of the fisheries under global change Rosemary E. Ommer, Astrid C. Jarre, R. Ian Perry, Manuel Barange, Kevern Cochrane and Coleen Moloney; 12.Mechanisms of low-frequency fluctuations in anchovy and sardine populations Alec D. MacCall; 13. Research challenges in the twenty-first century Andrew Bakun; 14. Conjectures on future climate effects on marine ecosystems dominated by small pelagic fish Pierre Freon, Francisco Werner and Francisco Chavez; 15. Synthesis and perspective Dave Checkley, Andrew Bakun, Manuel A. Barange, Leonardo R. Castro, Pierre Freon, Renato Guevara-Carrasco, Samuel F. Herrick, Jr., Alec D. MacCall, Rosemary Ommer, Yoshioki Oozeki, Claude Roy, Lynne Shannon and Carl D. van der Lingen; Index.
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Dave Checkley is a biological oceanographer with expertise in the ecology of marine zooplankton and fish and fisheries oceanography. He is a Professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. He has been a NATO Postdoctoral Fellow at DAFS in Aberdeen, Scotland, a member of the faculties of the University of Alaska, the University of Texas, and North Carolina State University, and a Tech Awards Laureate of the Tech Museum, San Jose, California. He led the development of CUFES, SOLOPC, and REFLICS. He is the co-chair of Small Pelagic Fish and Climate Change (SPACC) and Editor-in-Chief of Fisheries Oceanography. Claude Roy is a physical oceanographer with expertise in fisheries oceanography and upwelling systems dynamics. As a scientist of the French Research Institute for Development (IRD), he spent extended periods of time in countries bordering upwelling systems, during which he contributed to the implementation of several regional 'climate and fisheries' research and training projects. He has been involved in SPACC since the late 1990s and served as its co-chair from 2003 to 2008.
Jurgen Alheit is a fisheries biologist. His main interest is the impact of climate variability on marine ecosystems. While working at the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission at UNESCO in Paris, he was responsible for the Ocean Sciences in Relation to Living Resources Programme of IOC and FAO, which focused on small pelagics. He is the co-founder and former co-chair of SPACC, chair of the GLOBEC Focus 1 Working Group on Retrospective Analysis, and chair of the German GLOBEC Project. He serves on the Scientific Steering Committee of the GLOBEC International Programme.
Yoshioki Oozeki is the Chief Scientist of the Fish Ecology Section, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research Agency, Japan, and Professor of Marine Life Science at the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology. He is a fisheries biologist with expertise in the larval biology and ecology of small pelagic fish, and has lead the egg and larval survey project in waters around Japan for 12 years. He has also investigated larva physiology, database management, stock assessment, sampling gear technology, and variation of fish in relation to climate. He received the Uda Award from the Japanese Society of Fisheries Oceanography in 2007.