365 pages, colour photos, colour illustrations, tables
The 'bioenergy boom' of recent years has polarised opinion: while supporters claim that bioenergy can help to secure energy supply, mitigate climate change and create development opportunities, its critics maintain that the production of bioenergy crops will heighten land use conflicts as food cultivation, nature conservation and bioenergy production compete for land.
In Future Bioenergy and Sustainable Land Use, WBGU's central message is that use should be made of the sustainable potential of bioenergy, which can be tapped all over the world, provided that risks to sustainability are excluded. However, this aim will require considerable international co-operation and co-ordination to ensure that the use of bioenergy does not endanger food security or the goals of nature conservation and climate change mitigation. The report thus presents an integrated vision that will provide policy-makers with clear guidance for the deployment of bioenergy.
"Biofuels have been represented by some as a silver bullet to the climate change threat, and by others as a fatal mistake set to destroy forests and increase hunger; they are neither. Sane and sensibly developed they offer a chance to reduce emissions, generate employment and diversify rural livelihoods. But widespread commercialisation without proper sustainability standards could prove a disaster, causing more environmental and human harm than good. The new WBGU report shows that a sustainable use of bioenergy is possible and outlines how opportunities can be exploited while at the same time minimizing risks."
- Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director, UN Environment Programme
"Occasionally a review book lands on the desk that you know is going to become a constant source of reference.One that you will find yourself referring to again and again. Five stars."
"...anybody interested in the future of the human race should read this volume."
- Green Energy Magazine
"I liked this book because it is a multi-disciplinary approach to the problem...it gives an overview of the bioenergy and land use questions from the point of view of a large range of specialists related to this issue."
- Nicolas Marron, Annals of Forest Science
"...the book provides an excellent resource for those working in this area and for students of environmental technology, in addition to providing thought-provoking material for policy makers."
- Elaine Booth, Experimental Agriculture
"this large and detailed report examines the issues surrounding bioenergy from a global perspective and demonstrates how the sustainable use of bioenergy can help minimize risks to food security, nature conservation and climate change."
2. Motives for deploying bioenergy
3. Sustainability constraints upon bioenergy
4. Bioenergy, land use and energy systems: Situation and trends
5. Competing uses
6. Modelling global energy crop potential
7. Biomass cultivation and conversion to energy
8. Optimizing bioenergy integration and deployment in energy systems
9. Sustainable biomass production and bioenergy deployment: A synthesis
10. Global bioenergy policy
11. Research recommendations
12. Recommendations for action
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The German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) comprises 9 leading experts working on issues of global environmental change.