Books  Physical Sciences  Physics 

The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Series: International Series of Monographs on Physics

By: Grigory E Volovik

536 pages, 88 line drawings & halftones

Oxford University Press

Hardback | Feb 2009 | #179858 | ISBN-13: 9780199564842
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £45.00 $57/€53 approx

About this book

There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro- worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of laws governing the scales from subatomic particles to the Cosmos and this principle is widely exploited in the description of the physics of the early Universe. The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics.

According to the modern view, elementary particles (electrons, neutrinos, quarks, etc.) are excitations of a more fundamental medium called the quantum vacuum. This is the new 'aether' of the 21st Century. Electromagnetism, gravity, and the fields transferring weak and strong interactions all represent different types of the collective motion of the quantum vacuum. Among the existing condensed matter systems, a quantum liquid called superfluid 3He-A most closely represents the quantum vacuum. Its quasiparticles are very similar to the elementary particles, while the collective modes of the liquid are very similar to electromagnetic and gravitational fields, and the quanta of these collective modes are analogues of photons and gravitons. The fundamental laws of physics, such as the laws of relativity (Lorentz invariance) and gauge invariance, arise when the temperature of the quantum liquid decreases.

This book is written for graduate students and researchers in all areas of physics.

Physicists will find a wealth of powerful and entertaining ideas in this highly original work.--F. Wilczek, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
.,."provides a splendid guide into this mostly unexplored wilderness of emergent particle physics and cosmology."--James D. Bjorken, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford, CA


Contents

1. Introduction: GUT and anti-GUT
2. Gravity
3. Microscopic physics of quantum liquids
4. Effective theory of superfluidity
5. Two-fluid hydrodynamics
6. Advantages and drawbacks of effective theory
7. Microscopic physics
8. Universality classes of fermionic vacua
9. Effective quantum electrodynamics in 3He-A
10. Phenomenology of superfluid helium-3
11. Momentum-space topology of 2+1 systems
12. p-space topology protected by symmetry
13. Topology of defects
14. Vortices in 3He-B
15. Symmetry breaking in 3He-A and singular vortices
16. Continuous structures
17. Monopoles and boojums
18. Anomalous non-conservation of fermionic charge
19. Anomalous currents
20. Macroscopic parity violating effects
21. Quantization of physical parameters
22. Edge states and fermion zero modes on soliton
23. Fermion zero modes on vortices
24. Vortex mass
25. Spectral flow in the vortex core
26. Landau critical velocity
27. Vortex formation by Kelvin-Helmholtz instability
28. Vortex formation in ionizing radiation
29. Casimir effect and vacuum energy
30. Topological defects as source of nontrivial metric
31. Vacuum under rotation and spinning strings
32. Analogs of event horizon
33. Conclusion
References

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