Contributors. 1. Dedication: Major M. Goodman: Maize Geneticist and Breeder (James B. Holland and Paul T. Nelson). I. Biographical Sketch. II. Scientific Achievements. III. Service to Humankind. IV. Mentor and Colleague. V. Publications of Major Goodman. Literature Cited. 2. Enhancing Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Cereals Through Breeding and Transgenic Interventions (Sangam Dwivedi, Hari Upadhyaya, Prasanta Subudhi, Chris Gehring, Vladimir Bajic, and Rodomiro Ortiz). Abbreviations. I. Introduction. II. Natural Genetic Variations and Trait-Based Breeding. III. Enhancing Adaptation to Abiotic Stresses Through Breeding and Transgenic Intervention. IV. Outlook. Acknowledgments. Literature Cited. 3. Verticillium Wilt in Solanaceous Crops (Yanxin Gao, Thomas A. Zitter, and Richard E. Veilleux). I. Introduction. II. Causal Pathogen. III. Host Plant Resistance. IV. Disease Management. V. Breeding Resistant Cultivars. Acknowledgments. Literature Cited. 4. Marker-Assisted Selection as a Component of Conventional Plant Breeding (P. K. Gupta, Jitendra Kumar, R. R. Mir, and Ajay Kumar). Abbreviations. I. Introduction. II. Selection of Traits for MAS. III. Nature of QTL. IV. Choice of Markers for MAS. V. Marker-Trait Associations. VI. Theoretical Considerations for Successful MAS. VII. Different Breeding Schemes Involving MAS. VIII. Simultaneous QTL Detection and MAS (AB-QTL and .Mapping-As-You-Go. Approaches). IX. Gene Pyramiding. X. MAS in Combination With Phenotypic Selection. XI. Economics of MAS. XII. Improved Germplasm and Cultivars Using MAS. XIII. Limitations and Future Possibilities. XIV. Conclusions. Literature Cited. 5. Marker-Assisted Gene Pyramiding for Cultivar Development (Guoyou Ye and Kevin F. Smith). Abbreviations. I. Introduction. II. General Principles. III. Process of Designing a Marker-Based Gene-Pyramiding Strategy. IV. Guidelines for Designing an Efficient Gene-Pyramiding Strategy. V. Main Factors Affects Gene Pyramiding. VI. Successful Applications of Gene Pyramiding in Practice. VII. Integrating Gene Discovery, Validation, and Pyramiding. VIII. Summary and Prospects. Literature Cited. 6. Legume Genomics and Breeding (Rajeev K. Varshney, Mahendar Thundi, Greg D. May, and Scott A. Jackson). I. Introduction. II. Constraints in Crop Production. III. Genomic Resources in Legumes. IV. Trait Mapping and Marker-Assisted Selection. V. Summary and Prospects. Acknowledgments. Literature Cited. 7. Breeding American Chestnuts for Blight Resistance (Lisa M. Worthen, Keith E. Woeste, and Charles H. Michler). I. Introduction. II. Chestnut Genetics. III. Chestnut Blight. IV. Blight-Resistance Breeding. V. Population Genetics of Hybrid Chestnut Reintroduction. VI. Conclusion. Literature Cited. Subject Index. Cumulative Subject Index. Cumulative Contributor Index.