In this book, scientists from eleven countries summarize the results of an EU project (CLIME) that quantified the effects of observed and projected changes in the climate on the seasonal dynamics of lakes in Northern, Western and Central Europe. Historical measurements from eighteen sites are used to compare the seasonal dynamics of the lakes and assess their sensitivity to local, regional and global-scale changes in the climate. Simulations using a common set of models, perturbed by two different Regional Climate Models, were then used to assess the uncertainties associated with water quality projections produced for the period between 2070 and 2100.
The book includes chapters on the phenology and modeling of lake ice, the supply and recycling of nitrogen and phosphorus, the flux of dissolved organic carbon and the seasonal succession of phytoplankton. There are also chapters on the coherent responses of lakes to changes in the atmosphere, the development of a web-based Decision Support System and the implications of climate change for the Water Framework Directive.
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Glen George has more than forty years experience of freshwater research and has published more than a hundred papers on topics ranging from the population dynamics of zooplankton to the aquatic applications of airborne remote sensing. In the past fifteen years, he has led four major European projects on the impact of climate change on lakes. Glen spent most of his time working at the Windermere Laboratory of the Freshwater Biological Association. He recently retired from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and is now an Honorary Research Fellow at the Freshwater Biological Association and a Visiting Professor at University College London and the University of Aberystwyth