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Comparative Evaluations of Innovative Fisheries Management: Global Experiences and European Prospects

Provides a multidisciplinary evaluation of fisheries management innovations
Tests hypotheses using data capable of yielding results useful to policy makers
Draws a number of general conclusions about participatory approaches, rights-based regimes, effort-control and decision-rule systems
Reflects on how science can be useful in addressing broad policy questions

By: Kjellrun Hiis Hauge (Editor), Douglas Clyde Wilson (Editor)

272 pages, illustrations, tables

Springer-Verlag

Paperback | Sep 2014 | #225281 | ISBN-13: 9789400791466
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £117.00 $148/€139 approx
Hardback | Oct 2009 | #182582 | ISBN-13: 9789048126620
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £115.50 $146/€137 approx

About this book

Comparative Evaluations of Innovative Fisheries Management starts with a look at four places outside the European Union known for innovative management: New Zealand, Nova Scotia, Alaska and Iceland. The focus then shifts to the success criteria related to specific disciplines including biological and social robustness, economic efficiency and impacts on management costs. Hypotheses are tested using data capable of generating useful results.

The main conclusions in Comparative Evaluations of Innovative Fisheries Management include a retrospective of how key concepts defined and represented the various perspectives, skills and backgrounds that made up the multidisciplinary CEVIS project.


Contents

1. Introduction: The CEVIS Idea
1.1 The Idea of an Innovation Evaluation Framework
1.2 The Selected Innovations
1.3 Participatory Governance
1.4 Rights-based Approaches
1.5 Effort Control
1.6 Decision Rule Systems
1.7 Outline of the Book
1.8 References

2. The New Zeland Quota Management System (QMS) and its Complementary Mechanisms
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Research Methods
2.3 The New Zealand Quota Management System (QMS)
2.3.1 Background
2.3.2 The Introduction of the QMS
2.3.3 The Core of the QMS
2.4 Mechanisms Complementary to the QMS
2.4.1 Participation
2.4.2 The Cost Recovery Programme (CRP)
2.4.3 The Deemed Value Instrument
2.4.4 The Paper Trail System
2.4.5 The Discount Rate Instrument for Reducing Sea Mammal By-catch
2.5 The Outcomes of the QMS Imprementation
2.5.1 Fishing Industry Development
2.5.2 Indigenous People
2.5.3 Fishing Communities and Recreational Fisheries
2.5.4 Resource Status and Assessments
2.6 Evaluation of the New Zealand QMS
2.7 Conclusions
2.8 Acknowledgements
2.9 References

3. Rights-based Management and Participatory Governance in Southwest Nova Scotia
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Background to the Case Study Innovations
3.2 The Rights-based System
3.2.1 A Brief History of Innovation
3.2.2 Structure of the Individual Access Rights
3.2.3 Impacts of the Rights-based System
3.3 The Community Management Boards
3.3.1 A Brief History of the Innovation
3.3.2 The CMBs and the Costs of Management
3.3.3 The CMBs, Sanctions and Compliance
3.3.4 The Case of Shelburne B
3.4 Participatory Approaches to Science and Management Decision
3.4.1 History of Innovation
3.4.2 Participation in Stock Assessment Processes
3.4.3 Participation in Other Scientific Work -- the FSRS
3.4.4 Industry Involvement in Management Decisions
3.4.5 Indicators and the EBFM
3.5 Conclusions
3.5.1 Rights-based Management in Nova Scotia
3.5.2 Participatory Management in Nova Scotia
3.6 References

4. Abundant Fish Stocks and Profitable Fisheries Off Alaska -- a Study on Harvest Control Rules and Pollock Cooperatives
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Background
4.3 The Tier System and the TAC-setting Process
4.3.1 The Evolution of the Tier System
4.3.2 Description of the Tier System
4.3.3 Assessment of the Tier System
4.4 Bering Sea Pollock Cooperatives: Economic Gains at the Cost of Social Acceptance?- 4.4.1 Evolution and Characteristics of the Pollock Cooperatives
4.4.2 Assessment of the Pollock Cooperatives
4.5 Conclusions
4.6 Acknowledgements
4.7 References

5. The Icelandic ITQ System
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Research Methods
5.3 Perspectives on the Icelandic ITQ System
5.4 A Brief History of the Management System
5.5 Biological Robustness/State of Stocks
5.5.1 Landing Statistics
5.5.2 Harvest Control Rule
5.5.3 Cod Equivalents
5.5.4 Temporarily Closed Areas
5.6 Economic Efficiency
5.6.1 Fleet Composition and Development
5.7 Social Robustness
5.7.1 Quota Concentration
5.7.2 Community Quota and Coastal Communities
5.7.3 Legality and Fairness
5.8 Conclusions
5.9 References

6. Evaluating Biological Robustness of Innovative Management Alternatives
6.1 Introduction
6.1.1 Fisheries Management Innovations
6.1.2 Biological Robustness
6.1.3 General Approach
6.2 Case Studies -- Evaluating Innovative Management Regimes
6.2.1 North Sea -- Evaluating Participatory Governance and Effort Management
6.2.2 Baltic System -- Evaluating Effort Management
6.2.3 Western Shelf Hake (Merluccius merluccius) -- Evaluating Participatory Governance and Effort Management
6.2.4 Western Shelf Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) -- Evaluating Decision Rules
6.2.5 Faroe Islands -- Evaluating Effort Management
6.3 Conclusions
6.3.1 Participatory Governance
6.3.2 Effort Management
6.3.3 Harvest Control Rules
6.3.4 Innovations Work, Provided!- 6.4 References

7. Evaluating Economic Efficiency of Innovative Management Regimes
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Management Systems in Selected EU Fisheries
7.3 Assessment of Economic Performance Under Innovative Management Systems
7.3.1 The North Sea Case Study
7.3.2 The Faroe Islands Case Study: Model and Scenario Description
7.3.3 The Baltic Sea Case Study
7.3.4 The Western Shelf Case Study
7.4 Economic Effects of the Innovations
7.4.1 North Sea Case Results
7.4.2 Faroese Case Results
7.4.3 Western Shelf Case Results
7.4.4 Baltic Case Results
7.4.5 Conclusion
7.5 Summary
7.6 References

8. Understanding Social Robustness in Selected European Fisheries Management Systems
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Methodological and Conceptual Framework
8.2.1 Methodology
8.2.2 What is Social Robustness?- 8.3 Management Regimes in the Case Studies
8.3.1 Rights-based Management (RBM)
8.3.2 Participatory Governance
8.4 Fisheries Management and their Innovations
8.4.1 Overview of the Baltic Sea Case Study
8.4.2 Overview of the Faroe Islands Case Study
8.4.3 Overview of the North Sea Case Study
8.4.4 Overview of Western Shelf Case Study
8.5 Evaluating Social Robustness in the Case Studies
8.5.1 Hypothesis 1: RBM and Diversity of Stakeholder Involvement
8.5.2 Hypothesis 2: Stakeholder Acceptance and Characteristics of the RBM Systems
8.5.3 Hypothesis 3: Stakeholder Acceptance of RBM and Diversity of Stakeholder Involvement
8.5.4 Hypothesis 4: RBM and Capacity for Institutional Learning
8.5.5 Hypothesis 5: Stakeholder Diversity and Institutional Learning
8.6 Conclusions
8.7 Acknowledgements
8.8 References

9. Costs of Management in Selected Fisheries
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Background
9.3 Management Innovations
9.3.1 Effort Control
9.3.2 Participatory Governance
9.3.3 Harvest Control Rules
9.3.4 Rights-based Management
9.4 Hypotheses
9.5 Case Studies
9.6 Discussion, Hypothesis Testing and Conclusions
9.6.1 Hypothesis Testing and Country Case Studies
9.6.2 Management Innovations Conclusions
9.7 References

10. Legal Aspects of Individual Transferable Quotas
10.1 ITQs Under National Law
10.1.1 Property Characteristics of ITQs
10.1.2 Lawfulness of ITQs
10.2 ITQs and European Community Law
10.2.1 Compatibility of ITQs and the CFP
10.2.2 Quota Systems and the Basic Freedoms of the EC Treaty
10.2.3 State Aid
10.3 Public International Law
10.3.1 Human Rights
10.3.2 WTO Law
10.4 Considerations when Legislating ITQs
10.4.1 Legislative Approach
10.4.2 Nature of Property Rights
10.4.3 Management Units
10.4.4 Allocation of ITQs
10.4.5 ITQ Characteristics
10.5 Conclusion
10.6 References

11. How to Compare (the Efficiency of) Fisheries Management Systems?
11.1 Introduction
11.2 The Problem of Fisheries is Caused by Low Quality Property Rights
11.3 The Basic Theory of Property Rights and Property Rights Quality
11.3.1 Graphical Representation of Property Rights
11.3.2 Quality of Property Rights: The Q-measure
11.4 Property Rights and Economic Efficiency
11.5 Application to Fisheries Management Systems: Examples
11.6 Conclusions
11.7 References

12. Conclusion: The Innovation Evaluation Framework
12.1 Introduction
12.2 The Abstracted Innovation Evaluation Framework
12.2.1 Biological Robustness
12.2.2 Social Robustness
12.2.3 Economic Efficiency
12.2.4 Costs of Management
12.2.5 Participatory Governance
12.2.6 Rights-based Management
12.2.7 Rule-based Management
12.2.8 Effort Management
12.2.9 Reflections of the IEF
12.3 The Innovations and their Impacts
12.3.1 Participatory Governance
12.3.2 Rights-based Approaches
12.3.3 Effort Control
12.3.4 Decision Rule Systems
12.4 Final Remarks
12.5 References

Index


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