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The Chloroplast

Addresses the major problem of increasing the food-making capabilities of green plants by rewiring the chloroplast via chloroplast bioengineering
Focus future attention on "Chloroplast Bioengineering" as an integrated novel field of research
Addresses the major problem of increasing the food-making capabilities of green plants by rewiring the chloroplast via chloroplast bioengineering
Focus future attention on "Chloroplast Bioengineering" as an integrated novel field of research

Series: Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration Volume: 31

By: Constantin A Rebeiz (Editor), Christoph Benning (Editor), Hans J Bohnert (Editor), Henry Daniell (Editor), JK Hoober (Editor), HK Lichtenthaler (Editor), ARE Portis (Editor), BC Tripathy (Editor)


Hardback | Apr 2010 | #185302 | ISBN-13: 9789048185306
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £260.00 $318/€292 approx

About this book

The world population is expected to increase to 9 billion by the year 2050 which will generate food and fuel shortages. Since it will be difficult to increase the land area under cultivation without serious environmental consequences, higher productivity for biomass is required. Improvement in photosynthetic efficiency would require increased knowledge and deeper understanding of: the biosynthesis of photosynthetic membrane components such as hemes, chlorophylls, carotenoids, quinones, and lipids; photosynthetic membrane apoprotein biosynthesis; the biosynthesis and regulation of the assembly of pigment-apoprotein complexes; and, the complexities of carbon sensing, biosynthesis and allocation.

These goals may be accomplished by bioengineering of chloroplasts with higher photosynthetic efficiency and superior adaptation to various stresses and/or alteration of the kinetic properties of the CO2-assimilating enzyme, Rubisco. Advances towards this goal are addressed in The Chloroplast that will foster cooperation between biochemists and molecular biologists, scientists involved in photosynthesis research and biotechnologists involved in plant and plastid genomics and transformation. We envision future research to focus attention on 'Chloroplast Bioengineering' as an integrated novel field of research. The Chloroplast is designed for graduate students and researchers in chlorophyll metabolism, integrative plant biology, plant physiology, plant biochemistry, plant molecular biology, biotechnology, bioenergy and biofuels.


From the Series Editor
The Editors

1. Investigation of Possible Relationships between the Chlorophyll Biosynthetic Pathway, the Assembly of Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes and Photosynthetic Efficiency; C.A. Rebeiz
2. Evidence for Various 4-Vinyl Reductase Activities in Higher Plants; V.L. Kolossov, C.A. Rebeiz
3. Control of the Metabolic Flow in Tetrapyrrole Biosynthesis: Regulation of Expression and Activity of Enzymes in the Mg Branch of Tetrapyrrole Biosynthesis; B. Grimm
4. Regulation and Functions of the Chlorophyll Cycle; R. Tanaka et al
5. Magnesium Chelatase; C.G. Kannangara, D. von Wettstein
6. The Enigmatic Chlorophyll a Molecule in the Cytochrome baC f Complex; W.A. Cramer et al
7. The Non-mevalonate DOXP/MEP Pathway (Deoxyxylulose 5-Phosphate/Methylerythritol 4-Phosphate Pathway) of Chloroplast Isoprenoid and Pigemtn Biosynthesis; H.K. Lichtenthaler
8. The Methylerythritol 4-Phosphate Pathway: Regulatory Role in Plastid Isoprenoid Biosynthesis; A. Boronat
9. The Role of Plastids in Protein Geranylgeranylation in Tobacco BY-2 Cells; E. Gerber et al
10. The Role of the Methyl-Erythritol-Phosphate Pathway in Rhythmic Emission of Volatiles; D.A. Nagegowda
11. Tocochromanols: Biological Function and Recent Advances to Engineer Plastidial Biochemistry for Enhanced Oil Seed Vitamin E Levels; H.E. Valentin, Q. Qi
12. The Anionic Chloroplast Membrane Lipids Phosphatidylglycerol and Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol; Ch. Benning
13. Biosynthesis and Function of Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol, the Signature Lipid of Chloroplasts; Y. Nakamura et al
14. Synthesis and Functiion of the Galactolipid Digalactosyldiacylglycerol; P. Dormann
15. The Chemistry and Biology of Light-Harvesting Complex II and Thylakoid Biogenesis: raison d'etre of Chorophylls b and c; J.K. Hooper et al
16. Folding and Pigment Binding of Light-Harvesting Chlorophyll a/b Protein; H. Paulsen et al
17. The Plastid Genome as a Platform for the Expression of Microbial Resistance Genes; T.A. Ruhlman et al
18. Chloroplast Genetic Engineering: A Novel Technology for Agricultural Biotechnology and Bio-pharmaceutical Industry; N.D. Singh, H. Daniell
19. Engineering the Sunflower Rubisco Subunits into Tobacco Chloroplasts: New Considerations; R.E. Sharwood, S.M. Whitney
20. Engineering Photosynthetic Enzymes Involved in CO2 - Assimilation by Gene Shuffling; G. Zhu et al
21. Elevated CO2 and Ozone: Their Effects on Photosynthesis; R. Grene et al
22. Regulation of Photosynthetic Electron Transport; T. Shikana
23. Mechanisms of Drought and High Light Stress Tolerance Studied in a Xerophyte, Citrullus Ianatus (Wild Watermelon); Y. Nanasato et al
24. Antioxidants and Photo-oxidative Stress Responses in Plants and Algae; A. Sirikhachornkit, K.K. Niyogi
25. Singlet Oxygen-Induced Oxidative Stress in Plants; B.C. Tripathy, G.K. Pattanayak

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