312 pages, 14 black & white illustrations, 28 black & white tables
Written to help readers understand the relative toxic impacts of chemicals used in creating and maintaining consumer and industrial products, this reference proposes a program to modify the existing toxics inventory program to better quantify the risks. It also advocates a program that would help to prioritize and reduce the toxicity of chemicals used. Author evaluates programs that have been used for reducing chemical release or use, and evaluates program elements that have individually led to reductions in the use of toxic chemicals. He then provides a list of elements for toxic chemicals impact reduction.
Higgins, Sachdev, and Engleman are environmental engineers with a career-long mission to control hazardous waste by minimizing waste releases rather than just treating wastes. The existing Toxics Release Inventory program (TRI) requires reporting release of chemicals as poundage, with no regard for risk factors. ... truly effective waste reduction programs require application of additional factors, including toxicity factors, air/water mobility factors, environmental persistence, and bioconcentration. Integration of all of these factors with the poundage released yields meaningful relative impact data or effective toxicity factors. This book provides tables of all of these data for hundreds of reportable chemicals. The authors also describe TRI programs for foreign countries, pollution prevention and waste reduction programs for eight states, and program costs. An appendix provides lists of chemicals with their CAS Registry Numbers. Valuable for safety and environmental engineers, toxicologists, ecologists, those in environmental policy positions, legislators, journalists, and the concerned public, as well as students in the relevant disciplines. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above; general audiences. --R.E. Buntrock, formerly University of Maine, in CHOICE, June 2011, Vol. 48, No. 10
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