Books  Environmental Science  Climate & Climate Change 

Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria (Pirin Mountains)

By: Karsten Grunewald and Jorg Scheithauer

Springer-Verlag

Hardback | Nov 2010 | #189197 | ISBN-13: 9789048199587
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NHBS Price: £96.99 $124/€115 approx

About this book

This volume addresses some of the current limitations in the understanding of past Balkan climate and environment. High mountains and their ecosystems offer an outstanding opportunity for studies on the impact of climate change.

The Balkan Mountains in Southeast Europe, situated at the transition between temperate and Mediterranean climate, are considered as very sensitive to historical and current global changes. The geoarchives lake sediment, peat and soil, long living trees and glaciers have been used to reconstruct the climatically driven change of forest and treeline during the Holocene and the younger past. These processes are interrelated with complex ecological changes, as for example the seasonality of climate parameters.


Contents

Preface
1 Geoarchives -- why the view into the past?
1.1 Introduction and objectives
1.2 Reasons and scales for climate changes
1.3 Archives and methods
2 The Pirin Mountains as a model region
2.1 Location and Ecosystem Characteristics
2.2 Geology and Morphodynamic
2.3 Water in the Pirin Mountains
2.4 Soil and Biosphere
2.5 Pirin National Park -- potentials and anthropogenic interference
3 Holocene climate and landscape chronology
3.1 Wurm glaciation and Late-glacial development
3.2 Climate and vegetation during the Holocene
3.3 Outline of cultural-historical dynamics
4 Climate data and geo-archives of the younger past
4.1 Characterisation of contemporary local climate change
4.1.1 Introduction
4.1.2. Analysis of meteorological observations
4.1.3. Regional climate aspects
4.1.4. Climate change and climate trend
4.2 Pirin's glacier features as climate indicator
4.2.1 Introduction
4.2.2 The recent glaciation of high mountains in southeastern Europe
4.2.3 Investigation methods and application to Snezhnika Glacieret
4.2.3 The response to climate change
4.3 The timberline ecotones as key
4.3.1 Introduction
4.3.2 Timberline characteristic of the northern Pirin study area 4.4 Dendroecology of Pinus heldreichii
4.4.1 Conifers as geoarchive
4.4.2 Methodological approach
4.4.3 Development of chronologies
4.4.4 Climate growth relation
5 Specifics of the regional climate and landscape history
5.1 Changes on millennial timescale
5.2 Climate development of the region during the Younger Modern History
5.3 The recent climate change
6 Conclusion and outlook
Indexes
Abbreviations
Geographical features (Pirin region)
Latin plant and animal names
Time periods
Subjects

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