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Dryland Climatology

By: Sharon Nicholson

700 pages, 728 b/w illus. 20 tables

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Oct 2011 | #189480 | ISBN-13: 9780521516495
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £113.00 $142/€135 approx

About this book

A comprehensive review of dryland climates and their relationship to the physical environment, hydrology, and inhabitants. Chapters are divided into four major sections on background meteorology and climatology; the nature of dryland climates in relation to precipitation and hydrology; the climatology and climate dynamics of the major dryland regions on each continent; and an extensive review of long-term climate variability in the world's drylands. It includes key topics such as vegetation, geomorphology, desertification, micro-habitats, and adaptation to dryland environments.

This interdisciplinary volume provides an extensive review of the primary literature (covering over 2500 references) and the conventional and satellite datasets that form key research tools for dryland climatology. Illustrated with over 100 photographs, it presents a unique view of dryland climates for a broad spectrum of researchers, environmental professionals and advanced students in climatology, meteorology, geography, environment science, earth system science, ecology, hydrology and geomorphology.


Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements

Part I. The Dryland Environment
1. Introduction to dryland environments
2. The geomorphologic background
3. Vegetation of the dryland regions

Part II. The Meteorological Background
4. The general atmospheric circulation
5. The global distribution of arid climates and rainfall
6. Radiation, heat and surface exchange processes
7. Water balance
8. Evaporation

Part III. The Climatic Environment of Drylands
9. Defining aridity: the classification and character of dryland climates
10. Desert microclimate
11. Precipitation in the drylands
12. Hydrologic processes in the drylands
13. Desert winds and dust

Part IV. The Earth's Dry Lands
14. North America
15. South America
16. Subsaharan Africa
17. The Mediterranean lands
18. Australia
19. Asia
20. Coastal deserts

Part V. Life and Change in the Dryland Regions
21. Drought and other hazards
22. Desertification
23. People in the dryland environments
24. Plant and animal life in the desert
25. Climatic variability and climatic change

Index

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Biography

Sharon Nicholson is a Professor of Meteorology at Florida State University, where she holds the rank of Distinguished Research Professor and also serves as the H. and K. Lettau Professor of Climatology. She has previously held positions at the University of Bonn (West Germany), Clark University (Massachusetts), and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (Colorado). She is acknowledged as an international expert on the climate of arid and semi-arid regions, having been active in arid lands research for 40 years, and is best known for her work on climatic variability in Africa. Professor Nicholson's work has been acknowledged by awards and medals from the American Meteorological Society and the Royal Meteorological Society of the UK. Her photographic skills have seen her placed as finalist in the National Geographic Travel Photography Contest and the American Geophysical Union's Geophysical Images Competition.

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