Paradise may have been found in the Western Amazon, but it is on the brink of destruction. Oil in the Soil analyzes the campaign to save the Ishpingo-Tambococha-Tiputini (ITT) block of Yasun National Park in Ecuador's Amazon and the global networks that have resulted in one of the world's most innovative plans to save the Amazon and other biodiverse places on our planet. Pamela L. Martin examines the path-breaking global environmental governance mechanisms that have resulted from the transnational networks of the Yasuni-ITT campaign and their implications for replication around the world. The analysis of these networks reveals new dynamics of mobilization from the South, which may impact the future of global environmental negotiations. Martin also examines the alternative norms behind the initiative in the words of governmental and non-governmental actors. Such normative changes demonstrate the global struggles of the resource-dependent poor and provide insights toward new pathways of sustainable development for the planet.
This book presents a fascinating case study, expertly described and analyzed. Martin situates her discussion of an entirely new phenomenon in an understanding of the academic literature to help explain the emergence of a daring proposal to compensate Ecuador for leaving its 'oil in the soil.' She has conducted careful and extensive research among all relevant actors in the egion, and has a deep appreciation of the culture, economy, and ecosystems that interact on this issue. Martin tells a story that is fascinating, dramatic, and important for those trying to envision a new way forward in preventing climate change and conserving biodiversity. --Elizabeth R. DeSombre, Wellesley College
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