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Phytoplankton Pigments: Characterization, Chemotaxonomy and Applications in Oceanography

Includes information on the most recent advances in the biosynthesis of chlorophylls and carotenoids, important for algal physiologists and in the expanding area of algal biotechnology
Provides examples of the usefulness of pigment-based information in oceanography, notably for bio-optical monitoring of bloom algae, photo-acclimation and determination of growth rates, which are increasingly used for coastal research, impacts of aquaculture, climate change and biodiversity issues
Provides a series of data sheets giving key information which is vital to help detect and correctly identify algal pigments

Series: Cambridge Environmental Chemistry Series

By: Suzanne Roy (Editor), Einar Skarstad Egeland (Editor), Carole Llewellyn (Editor), Geir Johnsen (Editor)

880 pages, 17 colour & 74 b/w illustrations, 61 tables

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Oct 2011 | #191909 | ISBN-13: 9781107000667
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £103.00 $126/€115 approx

About this book

Pigments act as tracers to elucidate the fate of phytoplankton in the world's oceans and are often associated with important biogeochemical cycles related to carbon dynamics in the oceans. They are increasingly used in in situ and remote-sensing applications, detecting algal biomass and major taxa through changes in water colour. Phytoplankton Pigments is a follow-up to the 1997 volume Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography. Since then, there have been many advances concerning phytoplankton pigments. Phytoplankton Pigments includes recent discoveries on several new algal classes particularly for the picoplankton, and on new pigments. It also includes many advances in methodologies, including liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and developments and updates on the mathematical methods used to exploit pigment information and extract the composition of phytoplankton communities. Phytoplankton Pigments is invaluable primarily as a reference for students, researchers and professionals in aquatic science, biogeochemistry and remote sensing.

"[...] an outstanding reference book on marine phytoplankton pigments, their analyses and biogeochemistry. It will become the quality benchmark for marine chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments over the next decade."
- Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin

"Roy et al. have produced an extremely valuable update to an already classic treatise on phytoplankton pigments [...] there is something for everyone engaged in modern phytoplankton pigment research and this edition will certainly serve as a trusty bench pal to all those individuals active in the field. However, do not let the book out of your sight, your colleagues will never return it if borrowed."
- Nick Welschmeyer, Journal of Phycology



List of contributors
List of symbols

Part I. Chlorophylls and Carotenoids
1. Microalgal classes and their signature pigments
2. Recent advances in chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis
3. Carotenoid metabolism in phytoplankton

Part II. Methodology Guidance
4. New HPLC separation techniques
5. The importance of a quality assurance plan for method validation and minimizing uncertainties in the HPLC analysis of phytoplankton pigments
Appendix: a symbology and vocabulary for an HPLC lexicon
6. Quantitative interpretation of chemotaxonomic pigment data
7. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for pigment analysis
8. Multivariate analysis of extracted pigments using spectrophotometric and spectrofluorometric methods
Appendix: a proven simultaneous equation assay for chlorophylls a and b using aqueous acetone and similar assays for recalcitrant algae

Part III. Water-Soluble 'Pigments'
9. Phycobiliproteins
10. UV-absorbing 'pigments': mycosporine-like amino acids

Part IV. Selected Pigment Applications in Oceanography
11. Pigments and photoacclimation processes
12. Pigment-based measurements of phytoplankton rates
13. In vivo bio-optical properties of phytoplankton pigments
14. Optical monitoring of phytoplankton bloom pigment signatures
Appendix: harmful algae toxins and pigments

Part V. Future Perspectives
15. Perspectives on future directions

Part VI. Aids for Practical Laboratory Work
Appendix A. Update on filtration, storage and extraction solvents
Appendix B. The pigment analyst's guide to HPLC hardware
Appendix C. Minimum identification criteria for identifying phytoplankton pigments
Appendix D. Phytoplankton cultures for standard pigments and their suppliers
Appendix E. Commercial suppliers of phytoplankton pigments

Part VII: Phytoplankton pigments data sheets


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Suzanne Roy is a Professor of Biological Oceanography at the Institut des Sciences de la Mer of the Université du Québec à Rimouski (Canada) and a member of Québec-Ocean. Over the last 20 years, Professor Roy has developed an expertise in the ecology and physiology of marine and estuarine phytoplankton, focusing on various aspects such as population dynamics of harmful algae, environmental impacts of aquaculture and ozone-related ultraviolet radiation effects. She also runs an analytical laboratory for the HPLC determination of algal pigments and UV-screening compounds. Her current research interests include the combined influence of climate warming and enhanced UV on phytoplankton communities, photoprotection and cell mortality in Arctic phytoplankton, and the transport of non-indigenous dinoflagellates in ships' ballast tanks. Several of these projects are part of Canada's major NSERC Research Networks such as CAISN and CFL. Professor Roy is a member of the Scientific Committee for the international Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (GEOHAB) programme.

Carole Llewellyn is a microbial biogeochemist at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory, U.K. She has experience in phytoplankton pigments and UV absorbing compounds spanning over 20 years. Her research interests are focused on understanding the role of phytoplankton in the ocean and more specifically on microbial and food web dynamics, microbial biodiversity, community composition and photophysiology. At an applied level, her research contributes to eutrophication and pollution studies and links with satellite remote-sensing and bio-optics. More recently she has used her knowledge on algae and pigments to contribute to the rapidly growing area of algal biotechnology.

Einar Skarstad Egeland is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture at Bodo University College, Norway. He has a broad experience in organic chemical analysis (chromatography and spectroscopy). He is an internationally recognised scientist on carotenoid analysis from natural sources (mostly prasinophyte algae, but also other algal classes). Currently, he is involved in several cross-disciplinary research projects related to marine ecology, aquaculture and seafood quality. He is an active member of the Marine Ecology Group at Bodo University College.

Geir Johnsen is a Professor of Marine Biology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), and an Adjunct Professor in marine bio-optics at the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS). His major interests are the use of bio-optical methods in taxonomy, ecology and physiology of micro- and macroalgae. His main focus in the last 20 years has been on photosynthesis, light harvesting and utilization in algae and marine invertebrates with photosynthetic endosymbionts. Current interests include new approaches in in situ and remote sensing techniques for monitoring and mapping of planktonic and benthic organisms in the water surface, water column and sea floor.

- S. W. Jeffrey
- S. W. Wright
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- R. J. Porra
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- M. Lohr
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- L. Schlüter
- J. Neveux
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- J. I. Carreto
- S. Roy
- K. Whitehead
- C. Llewellyn
- M. O. Carignan
- C. Brunet
- G. Johnsen
- J. Lavaud
- A. Guttierez-Rodriguez
- M. Latasa
- A. Bricaud
- N. Nelson
- B. B. Prézelin
- R. R. Bidigare
- M. A. Moline
- L. H. Pettersson
- J. L. Pinckney
- D. V. Pozdnyakov
- E. S. Egeland
- O. M. Schofield
- M. Chauton
- G. Hallegraeff
- D. F. Millie
- A. R. Neeley
- C. S. Thomas

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