Advances in morphological and molecular methods continue to uncover new information on the origin and evolution of bats. Presenting some of the most remarkable discoveries and research involving living and fossil bats, this book explores their evolutionary history from a range of perspectives. Phylogenetic studies based on both molecular and morphological data have established a framework of evolutionary relationships that provides a context for understanding many aspects of bat biology and diversification. In addition to detailed studies of the relationships and diversification of bats, the topics covered include the mechanisms and evolution of powered flight, evolution and enhancement of echolocation, feeding ecology, population genetic structure, ontogeny and growth of facial form, functional morphology and evolution of body size. The book also examines the fossil history of bats from their beginnings over 50 million years ago to their diversification into one of the most globally wide-spread orders of mammals living today.
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The last decade has seen an amazing confluence of new information on the evolutionary history of bats ... Only a few years ago, the early fossil record of bats was close to non-existent, there was no consensus on Familial (or even sub-Ordinal) relationships among bat groups, and ideas on the deep-time origins of bats and the characteristics (flight and laryngeal echolocation) that make them unique among mammals were largely speculative. This book is timely and exciting - synthesizing new information ... to give a richer and more detailed picture on the evolutionary history of bats than has ever before been possible.
- Gary F. McCracken, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
"This is a truly masterful integrative volume on bat evolution, and it will instantly serve as required reading in mammalian evolutionary biology. Drawing on the fossil record, molecular phylogenetics, biogeography, ecomorphology, biomechanics, and developmental biology, the editors and authors have produced the most detailed and up-to-date overview not only of the evolution of bats but of their most striking hallmarks - flight, echolocation, and rich taxonomic and anatomical diversity."
- Kristofer M. Helgen, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
List of contributors
1. Phylogenies, fossils and functional genes: the evolution of echolocation in bats Emma C. Teeling, Serena Dool and Mark Springer
2. Systematics and paleobiogeography of early bats Thierry Smith, J#rg Habersetzer, Nancy B. Simmons and Gregg F. Gunnell
3. Shoulder joint and inner ear of Tachypteron franzeni, an emballonurid bat from the middle Eocene of Messel J#rg Habersetzer, Evelyn Schlosser-Sturm, Gerhard Storch and Bernard Sig#
4. Evolutionary history of the Neotropical Chiroptera: the fossil record Gary S. Morgan and Nicholas J. Czaplewski
5. New Basal Noctilionoid Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from the Oligocene of Subtropical North America Nicholas J. Czaplewski and Gary S. Morgan
6. Necromantis Weithofer, 1887, large carnivorous middle and late Eocene bats from the French Quercy Phosphorites: new data and unresolved relationships Suzanne Hand, Bernard Sig# and Elodie Maitre 7. African Vespertilionoidea (Chiroptera) and the antiquity of Myotinae Gregg F. Gunnell, Thomas P. Eiting and Elwyn L. Simons
8. Evolutionary and ecological correlates of population genetic structure in bats Kevin J. Olival
9. A bird? A plane? No, it's a bat: an introduction to the biomechanics of bat flight Sharon M. Swartz, Jose Iriarte-D#az, Daniel K. Riskin and Kenneth S. Breuer
10. Toward an integrative theory on the origin of bat flight Norberto P. Giannini
11. Molecular timescale of diversification of feeding strategy and morphology in New World Leaf-Nosed Bats (Phyllostomidae): a phylogenetic perspective Robert J. Baker, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, Hugo Mantilla-Meluk, Calvin A. Porter and Ronald A. Van Den Bussche
12. Why tribosphenic? On variation and constraint in developmental dynamics of chiropteran molars Ivan Hor#cek and Frantisek Spoutil
13. Necromantodonty, the primitive condition of lower molars among bats Bernard Sig#, Elodie Maitre and Suzanne Hand
14. Echolocation, evo-devo, and the evolution of bat crania Scott C. Pedersen and Douglas W. Timm
15. Vertebral fusion in bats: phylogenetic patterns and functional relationships Dawn J. Larkey, Shannon L. Datwyler and Winston C. Lancaster
16. Early evolution of body size in bats Norberto P. Giannini,
Gregg F. Gunnell, J#rg Habersetzer and Nancy B. Simmons
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Gregg F. Gunnell is an Associate Research Scientist and Vertebrate Collection Coordinator at the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan. He has spent the last 32 years studying the origin and diversification of modern mammals, mostly focusing on the fossil record and what it can tell us about these groups of organisms.
Nancy B. Simmons is Curator-in-Charge of the Department of Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, New York. Her research focuses on the systematics and evolution of bats, including projects that range from higher-level phylogenetic studies to descriptions of new species. In 2008 she was awarded the Gerrit S. Miller Award from the North American Society for Bat Research.