231 pages, 28 b/w illustrations, 2 tables
The rhythm of life on Earth includes several strong themes contributed by the Kingdom Fungi. So why are fungi ignored when theorists ponder the origin of life? Casting aside common theories that life originated in an oceanic primeval soup, in a deep, hot place, or even a warm little pond, this is a mycological perspective on the emergence of life on Earth. The author traces the crucial role played by the first biofilms – products of aerosols, storms, volcanic plumes and rainout from a turbulent atmosphere – which formed in volcanic caves 4 billion years ago. Moore describes how these biofilms contributed to the formation of the first prokaryotic cells, and later, unicellular stem eukaryotes, highlighting the role of the fungal grade of organisation in the evolution of higher organisms. Based on the latest research, this is a unique account of the origin of life and its evolutionary diversity to the present day.
1. Learning from life on Earth in the present day;
2. Essentials of fungal cell biology
3. First, make a habitat
4. The building blocks of life
5. An extraterrestrial origin of life?
6. Endogenous synthesis of prebiotic organic compounds on the young Earth
7. Cooking the recipe for life
8. 'It's life, Jim...'
9. Coming alive: what happened and where?
10. My name is LUCA
11. Towards eukaryotes
12. Rise of the fungi
13. Emergence of diversity
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David Moore is an Honorary Reader in the Faculty of Life Sciences at the University of Manchester. Having recently retired after 43 years researching and teaching genetics and mycology, his ongoing research activities include computer programs simulating fungal growth and differentiation, and genomic data mining. In recent years he has created the educational websites www.fungi4schools.org (sponsored by the British Mycological Society) and www.davidmoore.org.uk. He is co-author of the 21st Century Guidebook to Fungi (Cambridge University Press, 2011).