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Duplicity Theory of Vision: From Newton to the Present

By: Bjørn Stabell (Author), Ulf Stabell (Author)

238 pages, 15 illustrations

Cambridge University Press

Paperback | Jan 2013 | #201309 | ISBN-13: 9781107412842
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £35.99 $44/€40 approx
Hardback | Aug 2009 | #201187 | ISBN-13: 9780521111171
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £92.99 $114/€105 approx

About this book

The duplicity theory of vision concerns the comparisons (both differences and similarities) and interaction between the cone and rod systems in the visual pathways, with the assumption that the cone system is active during daylight vision and the rod system functions in low light (night time). Research on this aspect of vision dates back to the 17th century and the work of Newton, and is still ongoing today. This book describes the origin and development of this fundamental theory within vision research – whilst also examining the Young-Helmholtz trichromatic colour theory, and the opponent colour theory of Hering – and presents evidence and ideas in light of modern conceptions of the theory. Written for academic researchers and graduate students, the book brings back knowledge of the tradition of duplicity theory, inspiring questions related to anatomy, comparative biology, molecular biology, photochemistry, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics and psychophysics.

"Duplicity Theory of Vision presents a comprehensive and detailed account of an important area of research in vision. The text is well written and organized in a manner that is accessible for the degree of technical material that is presented. I recommend it to those who are primarily interested in a historical account of vision research."
- Paula Goolkasian, PsycCRITIQUES


1. Introduction;

Part I. The Development of the Basic Ideas of the Duplicity Theory from Newton to G. E. Muller:
2. The Newton tradition
3. The Schultze tradition
4. The Goethe tradition. The phenomenological approach
5. The colour theories of Armin Tschermak and George Elias Muller;

Part II. The Development of the Duplicity Theory from 1930-1966:
6. The duplicity theory of Polyak
7. Investigations of H. K. Hartline and S. W. Kuffler
8. The duplicity theory of R. Granit
9. Contributions of E. N. Willmer, P. Saugstad & A. Saugstad, and I. Lie
10. Status of the duplicity theory in the mid 1960s and its further development;

Part III. Chromatic Rod Vision: An Historical Account:
11. Night vision may appear bluish
12. Mechanisms of chromatic rod vision in scotopic illumination
13. Rod-cone interactions in mesopic vision
14. Contribution of J. J. McCann and J. L. Benton
15. Contribution of P. W. Trezona
16. Contribution of C. F. Stromeyer III
17. Contribution of Steven Buck and co-workers
18. Contribution of J. L. Nerger and co-workers;

Part IV. Theories of Sensitivity Regulation of the Rod and Cone Systems: A Historical Account:
19. Introduction
20. Early photochemical explanations
21. Contribution of S. Hecht
22. Contribution of G. Wald. Photochemical sensitivity regulation of rods and cones
23. Relationship between amount of rhodopsin and sensitivity during dark adaptation
24. Post-receptor sensitivity regulation mechanisms
25. Rushton's A.G.C. model. Each receptor type has a separate and independent adaptation pool
26. Are light and dark adaptation really equivalent?
27. A decisive experiment
28. The adaptation mechanisms explored by the after-flash technique
29. Limitations of Rushton's photochemical theory
30. Contribution of H. B. Barlow
31. Rushton and Barlow compared
32. Contribution of T. D. Lamb
33. The Dowling-Rushton equation refuted
34. Difference between rod and cone dark adaptation
35. Light and dark adaptation are not equivalent
36. Allosteric regulation of dark adaptation
37. A search for the allosteric adaptation mechanisms
38. Several mechanisms involved in sensitivity regulation
39. Sensitivity regulation due to rod-cone interaction
40. Modern conceptions of sensitivity regulation;

Part V. Factors that Triggered the Paradigm Shifts in the Development of the Duplicity Theory:
41. Summary of K. R. Popper's and T. S. Kuhn's models of scientific development
42. The development of the duplicity theory as a test of Popper's and Kuhn's models
43. References

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