407 pages, 28 colour & 55 b/w illustrations
This book presents the latest results in the exploration of halophilic bacteria, archaea, fungi and viruses. Basic and molecular aspects as well as possible biotechnological applications of halophiles are highlighted by leading scientists.
Topics include: the family Halomonadaceae; the hypersaline lakes of Inner Mongolia ; Salinibacter ruber – from genomics to microevolution and ecology; the impact of lipidomics on the microbial world of hypersaline environments; molecular mechanisms of adaptation to high salt concentration in the black yeast Hortaea werneckii; viruses in hypersaline environments; initiation and regulation of translation in halophilic Archaea; protein transport into and across haloarchaeal cytoplasmic membranes; protein glycosylation in Haloferax volcanii; the effect of anoxic conditions and temperature on gas vesicle formation in Halobacterium salinarum; halophiles exposed to multiple stressors; cellular adjustments of Bacillus subtilis to fluctuating salinities; the nature and function of carotenoids in Halobacillus halophilus; xanthorhodopsin; enzymatic biomass degradation by halophilic microorganisms; and enzymes from halophilic Archaea.
1. Helge Larsen (1922-2005) and his contributions to the study of halophilic microorganisms Aharon Oren, Antonio Ventosa and Yanhe Ma
2. The halophilic world of Lourens Baas Becking Aharon Oren
3. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biotechnological interest of the family Halomonadaceae Rafael R. de la Haba, Cristina Sanchez-Porro and Antonio Ventosa
4. The hypersaline lakes of Inner Mongolia -- the MGAtech project William D. Grant, Eulyn Pagaling, M. Carmen Marquez, M. Carmen Gutierrez, Don A. Cowan, Yanhe Ma, Brian E. Jones, Antonio Ventosa and Shaun Heaphy
5. From genomics to microevolution and ecology: the case of Salinibacter ruber Arantxa Pena, Hanno Teeling, Jaime Huerta-Cepas, Fernando Santos, Inmaculada Meseguer, Marianna Lucio, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Joaquin Dopazo, Ramon Rossello-Mora, Margarete Schuler, Frank Oliver Glockner, Rudolf Amann, Toni Gabaldon and Josefa Anton
6. Impact of lipidomics on the microbial world of hypersaline environments Patrizia Lopalco, Simona Lobasso, Maristella Baronio, Roberto Angelini and Angela Corcelli
7. Molecular mechanisms of adaptations to high salt concentration in the extremely halotolerant black yeast Hortaea werneckii Ana Plemenitas and Nina Gunde-Cimerman
8. Viruses from the hypersaline environment Elina Roine and Hanna M. Oksanen
9. Haloviruses of Great Salt Lake: a model for understanding viral diversity Bonnie K. Baxter, Mihnea R. Mangalea, Smaranda Willcox, Shereen Sabet, Miriam-Nirvana Nagoulat and Jack D. Griffith
10. Initiation and regulation of translation in halophilic Archaea Jorg Soppa
11. Protein transport into and across haloarchaeal cytoplasmic membranes Kieran Dilks, Maria Ines Gimenez, Manuela Tripepi and Mecky Pohlschroder
12. Salty and sweet -- Protein glycosylation in Haloferax volcanii Jerry Eichler, Doron Calo, Lina Kaminski, Lina Kandiba, Zvia Konrad, Hilla Magidovich, Shai Naparstek and Sophie Yurist-Doutsch
13. Effect of anoxic conditions and temperature on gas vesicle formation in Halobacterium salinarum Felicitas Pfeifer, Regina Frommherz, Karin Faist, Torsten Hechler, Katharina Teufel and Larissa Marschaus
14. Halophiles exposed concomitantly to multiple stressors: adaptive mechanisms of halophilic alkalithermophiles Noha M. Mesbah and Juergen Wiegel
15. Cellular adjustments of Bacillus subtilis and other Bacilli to fluctuating salinities Marco Pittelkow and Erhard Bremer
16. The nature and function of carotenoids in the moderately halophilic bacterium Halobacillus halophilus Saskia Kocher and Volker Muller
17. Xanthorhodopsin Janos K. Lanyi and Sergei P. Balashov
18. Enzymatic biomass degradation by halophilic microorganisms Matthew B. Begemann, Melanie R. Mormile, Varun G. Paul and Daniel J. Vidt
19. Enzymes from halophilic Archaea: open questions Maria Jose Bonete and Rosa Maria Martinez-Espinosa
20. A short history of the symposia on halophilic microorganisms: from Rehovot 1978 to Beijing 2010 Aharon Oren
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