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Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Handbook / Manual

By: Julia Koricheva (Editor), Jessica Gurevitch (Editor), Kerrie L Mengersen (Editor)

498 pages, 51 b/w illustrations, 45 tables

Princeton University Press

Paperback | May 2013 | #203161 | ISBN-13: 9780691137292
Availability: In stock
NHBS Price: £62.95 $81/€75 approx
Hardback | no dustjacket | May 2013 | #203160 | ISBN-13: 9780691137285
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NHBS Price: £74.99 $96/€89 approx

About this book

Meta-analysis is a powerful statistical methodology for synthesizing research evidence across independent studies. This is the first comprehensive handbook of meta-analysis written specifically for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, and it provides an invaluable introduction for beginners as well as an up-to-date guide for experienced meta-analysts.

The chapters, written by renowned experts, walk readers through every step of meta-analysis, from problem formulation to the presentation of the results. The handbook identifies both the advantages of using meta-analysis for research synthesis and the potential pitfalls and limitations of meta-analysis (including when it should not be used). Different approaches to carrying out a meta-analysis are described, and include moment and least-square, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian approaches, all illustrated using worked examples based on real biological datasets. This one-of-a-kind resource is uniquely tailored to the biological sciences, and will provide an invaluable text for practitioners from graduate students and senior scientists to policymakers in conservation and environmental management.

- Walks you through every step of carrying out a meta-analysis in ecology and evolutionary biology, from problem formulation to result presentation
- Brings together experts from a broad range of fields
- Shows how to avoid, minimize, or resolve pitfalls such as missing data, publication bias, varying data quality, nonindependence of observations, and phylogenetic dependencies among species
- Helps you choose the right software
- Draws on numerous examples based on real biological datasets

"A superb guide to the conduct and interpretation of meta-analysis, from an exceptional team of international experts. This comprehensive manual covers essential concepts, steps, and standards for rigorous research synthesis in ecology and evolutionary biology. Its clear prose, helpful illustrations, and worked examples will be useful for beginners and experts alike. Highly recommended for use as a textbook or for self-study."
– Julia Littell, Bryn Mawr College, coauthor of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

"This is a well-written and valuable book, one that is unique within biology. The use of meta-analysis in ecology and evolution has reached the point where there is a need for a comprehensive, single-volume text such as this."
– Samuel M. Scheiner, coeditor of The Theory of Ecology

"This book provides readers with a complete picture of the state of meta-analysis in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology today. It will help to raise the bar on the quality of meta-analytical research in the field, as well as improving research synthesis in general. This is the first book on the subject written for ecologists and environmental scientists."
– Michael Dietze, Boston University


Preface xi

SECTION I: Introduction & Planning
1. Place of Meta-analysis among Other Methods of Research Synthesis 3
Julia Koricheva & Jessica Gurevitch
2. The Procedure of Meta-analysis in a Nutshell 14
Isabelle M. Côté & Michael D. Jennions
SECTION II : Initiating a Meta-analysis
3. First Steps in Beginning a Meta-analysis 27
Gavin B. Stewart, Isabelle M. Côté, Hannah R. Rothstein, & Peter S. Curtis
4. Gathering Data: Searching Literature & Selection Criteria 37
Isabelle M. Côté, Peter S. Curtis, Hannah R. Rothstein, & Gavin B. Stewart
5. Extraction & Critical Appraisal of Data 52
Peter S. Curtis, Kerrie Mengersen, Marc J. Lajeunesse, Hannah R. Rothstein, & Gavin B. Stewart
6. Effect Sizes: Conventional Choices & Calculations 61
Michael S. Rosenberg, Hannah R. Rothstein, & Jessica Gurevitch
7. Using Other Metrics of Effect Size in Meta-analysis 72
Kerrie Mengersen & Jessica Gurevitch
SECTION III : Essential Analytic Models & Methods
8. Statistical Models & Approaches to Inference 89
Kerrie Mengersen, Christopher H. Schmid, Michael D. Jennions, & Jessica Gurevitch
9. Moment & Least-Squares Based Approaches to Meta-analytic Inference 108
Michael S. Rosenberg
10. Maximum Likelihood Approaches to Meta-analysis 125
Kerrie Mengersen & Christopher H. Schmid
11. Bayesian Meta-analysis 145
Christopher H. Schmid & Kerrie Mengersen
12. Software for Statistical Meta-analysis 174
Christopher H. Schmid, Gavin B. Stewart, Hannah R. Rothstein, Marc J. Lajeunesse, & Jessica Gurevitch
SECTION IV: Statistical Issues & Problems
13. Recovering Missing or Partial Data from Studies: A Survey of Conversions & Imputations for Meta-analysis 195
Marc J. Lajeunesse
14. Publication & Related Biases 207
Michael D. Jennions, Christopher J. Lortie, Michael S. Rosenberg, & Hannah R. Rothstein
15. Temporal Trends in Effect Sizes: Causes, Detection, & Implications 237
Julia Koricheva, Michael D. Jennions, & Joseph Lau
16. Statistical Models for the Meta-analysis of Nonindependent Data 255
Kerrie Mengersen, Michael D. Jennions, & Christopher H. Schmid
17. Phylogenetic Nonindependence & Meta-analysis 284
Marc J. Lajeunesse, Michael S. Rosenberg, & Michael D. Jennions
18. Meta-analysis of Primary Data 300
Kerrie Mengersen, Jessica Gurevitch, & Christopher H. Schmid
19. Meta-analysis of Results from Multisite Studies 313
Jessica Gurevitch
SECTION V: Presentation & Interpretation of Results
20. Quality St&ards for Research Syntheses 323
Hannah R. Rothstein, Christopher J. Lortie, Gavin B. Stewart, Julia Koricheva, & Jessica Gurevitch
21. Graphical Presentation of Results 339
Christopher J. Lortie, Joseph Lau, & Marc J. Lajeunesse
22. Power Statistics for Meta-analysis: Tests for Mean Effects & Homogeneity 348
Marc J. Lajeunesse
23. Role of Meta-analysis in Interpreting the Scientific Literature 364
Michael D. Jennions, Christopher J. Lortie, & Julia Koricheva
24. Using Meta-analysis to Test Ecological & Evolutionary Theory 381
Michael D. Jennions, Christopher J. Lortie, & Julia Koricheva
SECTION VI: Contributions of Meta-analysis in Ecology & Evolution
25. History & Progress of Meta-analysis 407
Joseph Lau, Hannah R. Rothstein, & Gavin B. Stewart
26. Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation & Management 420
Isabelle M. Côté & Gavin B. Stewart
27. Conclusions: Past, Present, & Future of Meta-analysis in Ecology & Evolution 426
Jessica Gurevitch & Julia Koricheva

Glossary 433
Frequently Asked Questions 441
References 447
List of Contributors 487
Subject Index 489

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Julia Koricheva is Professor of Ecology at Royal Holloway, University of London. Jessica Gurevitch is Professor of Ecology and Evolution at Stony Brook University, State University of New York. Kerrie Mengersen is Research Professor of Statistics at Queensland University of Technology.

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