732 pages, b/w photos, colour & b/w illustrations, b/w maps, tables
The first textbook devoted to the late Cenozoic (Neogene) mammalian biostratigraphy and geochronology of Asia, Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology deploys cutting edge biostratigraphical and geochemical dating methods to map the emergence of mammals across the continent. Written by specialists working in a variety of Asian regions, it uses data from many basins with spectacular fossil records to establish a groundbreaking geochronologic framework for land mammal evolution.
Asia's violent tectonic history has resulted in some of the world's most varied topography, and its high mountain ranges and intense monsoon climates have spawned widely diverse environments over time. These geologic conditions profoundly influenced the evolution of Asian mammals and their migration into Europe, Africa, and North America. Focusing on amazing new fossil finds that have redefined Asia's role in mammal evolution, Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology synthesizes information from a range of field studies on Asian mammals and biostratigraphy, helping to trace the histories and movements of extinct and extant mammals from various major groups and all northern continents, and providing geologists from all disciplines with a richer understanding of a variety of Asia's terrains.
Introduction: Toward a Continental Asian Biostratigraphic and Geochronologic Framework, by Xiao-ming Wang, Lawrence J. Flynn, and Mikael Fortelius
Part I. East Asia
1. Neogene Land Mammal Stages/Ages of China: Toward the Goal to Establish an Asian Land Mammal Stage/Age Scheme, by Zhan-xiang Qiu, Zhu-ding Qiu, Tao Deng, Chuan-kui Li, Zhao-qun Zhang, Ban-yue Wang, and Xiao-ming Wang
2. North China Neogene Biochronology: A Chinese Standard, by Michael O. Woodburne, Richard H. Tedford, and Everett H. Lindsay
3. A Single Point Base Definition of the Xiejian Age as an Exemplar for Refining Chinese Land Mammal Ages, by Jin Meng, Jie Ye, Wen-yu Wu, Xi-jun Ni, and Shun-dong Bi
4. Early Miocene Xiejiahe and Sihong Fossil Localities and Their Faunas, Eastern China, by Zhu-ding Qiu and Zhan-xiang Qiu
5. Neogene Faunal Succession and Biochronology of Central Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia), by Zhu-ding Qiu, Xiao-ming Wang, and Qiang Li
6. Mammalian Biochronology of the Late Miocene Bahe Formation, by Zhao-qun Zhang, Anu Kaakinen, Li-ping Liu, Juha Pekka Lunkka, Sevket Sen, Wulf A. Gose, Zhu-ding Qiu, Shao-hua Zheng, and Mikael Fortelius
7. Stratigraphy and Paleoecology of the Classical Dragon Bone Localities of Baode County, Shaanxi Province, by Anu Kaakinen, Benjamin H. Passey, Zhao-qun Zhang, Li-ping Liu, Lauri J. Pesonen, and Mikael Fortelius
8. Review of the Litho-, Bio-, and Chronostratigraphy in the Nihewan Basin, Hebei, China, by Bao-quan Cai, Shao-hua Zheng, Joseph C. Liddicoat, and Qiang Li
9. Late Cenozoic Biostratigraphy of the Linxia Basin, Northwestern China, by Tao Deng, Zhan-xiang Qiu, Ban-yue Wang, Xiao-ming Wang, and Su-kuan Hou
10. Neogene Mammalian Biostratigraphy and Geochronology of the Tibetan Plateau, by Xiao-ming Wang, Qiang Li, Zhu-ding Qiu, Guang-pu Xie, Ban-yue Wang, Zhan-xiang Qiu, Zhijie J. Tseng, Gary T. Takeuchi, and Tao Deng
11. Hominoid-Producing Localities and Biostratigraphy in Yunnan, by Wei Dong and Guo-qin Qi
12. Miocene Land Mammals and Stratigraphy of Japan, by Yukimitsu Tomida, Hideo Nakaya, Haruo Saegusa, Kazunori Miyata, and Akira Fukuchi
13. Pliocene Land Mammals of Japan, by Ryohei Nakagawa, Yoshinari Kawamura, and Hiroyuki Taruno
Part II. South and Southeast Asia
14. The Siwaliks and Neogene Evolutionary Biology in South Asia, by Lawrence J. Flynn, Everett H. Lindsay, David Pilbeam, S. Mahmood Raza, Michele E. Morgan, John C. Barry, Catherine E. Badgley, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, I. U. Cheema, Abdul Rahim Rajpar, and Neil D. Opdyke
15. The Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan, by John C. Barry, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Catherine E. Badgley, Lawrence J. Flynn, Hannele Peltonen, I. U. Cheema, David Pilbeam, Everett H. Lindsay, S. Mahmood Raza, Abdul Rahim Rajpar, and Michele E. Morgan
16. Mammalian Neogene Biostratigraphy of the Sulaiman Province, Pakistan, by Pierre-Olivier Antoine, Gregoire Métais, Maeva J. Orliac, J.-Y. Crochet, Lawrence J. Flynn, Laurent Marivaux, Abdul Rahim Rajpar, G. Roohi, and Jean-Loup Welcomme
17. Indian Neogene Siwalik Mammalian Biostratigraphy: An Overview, by Rajeev Patnaik
18. Paleobiogeography and South Asian Small Mammals: Neogene Latitudinal Faunal Variation, by Lawrence J. Flynn and Wilma Wessels
19. Advances in the Biochronology and Biostratigraphy of the Continental Neogene of Myanmar, by Olivier Chavasseau, Aung Aung Khyaw, Yaowalak Chaimanee, Pauline Coster, Edouard-Georges Emonet, Aung Naing Soe, Mana Rugbumrung, Soe Thura Tun, and Jean-Jacques Jaeger
Part III. North and Central Asia
20. Miocene Mammal Biostratigraphy of Central Mongolia (Valley of Lakes): New Results, by Gudrun Daxner-Höck, Demchig Badamgarav, Margarita Erbajeva, and Ursula Bettina Göhlich
21. Late Cenozoic Mammal Faunas of the Baikalian Region: Composition, Biochronology, Dispersal, and Correlation with Central Asia, by Margarita Erbajeva and Nadezhda Alexeeva
22. New Data on Miocene Biostratigraphy and Paleoclimatology of Olkhon Island (Lake Baikal, Siberia), by Gudrun Daxner-Höck, Madelaine Böhme, and Annette Kossler
Part IV. West Asia and Adjacent Regions
23. Late Miocene Mammal Localities of Eastern Europe and Western Asia: Toward Biostratigraphic Synthesis, by Eleonora Vangengeim and Alexey S. Tesakov
24. Late Miocene (Turolian) Vertebrate Faunas from Southern European Russia, by Vadim V. Titov and Alexey S. Tesakov
25. Recent Advances in Paleobiological Research of the Late Miocene Maragheh Fauna, Northwest Iran, by Majid Mirzaie Ataabadi, Raymond L. Bernor, Dimitris S. Kostopoulos, Dominik Wolf, Zahra Orak, Gholamreza Zare, Hideo Nakaya, Mahito Watabe, and Mikael Fortelius
26. A Review of the Neogene Succession of the Muridae and Dipodidae from Anatolia with Special Reference to Taxa Known from Asia and/or Europe, by Hans de Bruijn, Engin Ünay, and Kees Hordijk
27. Late Miocene Fossils from the Baynunah Formation, United Arab Emirates: Summary of a Decade of New Work, by Faysal Bibi, Andrew Hill, Mark Beech, and Walid Yasin
28. Neogene Mammal Biostratigraphy and Chronology of Greece, by George D. Koufos
Part V. Zoogeography and Paleoecology
29. Continental-Scale Patterns in Neogene Mammal Community Evolution and Biogeography: A Europe-Asia Perspective, by Majid Mirzaie Ataabadi, Liping Liu, Jussi T. Eronen, Raymond L. Bernor, and Mikael Fortelius
30. Intercontinental Dispersals of Sicistine Rodents (Sicistinae, Dipodidae, Rodentia) Between Eurasia and North America, by Yuri Kimura
31. Paleodietary Comparisons of Ungulates Between the Late Miocene of China and Pikermi and Samos in Greece, by Nikos Solounias, Gina Semprebon, Matthew Mihlbachler, and Florent Rivals
List of Contributors
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Xiaoming Wang is a curator of vertebrate paleontology at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County and has been studying fossil land mammals, especially carnivores, in Asia for nearly twenty years. He has led numerous field expeditions in northern China, especially in Inner Mongolia and the Tibetan Plateau. He is the lead author of Dogs: Their Fossil Relatives and Evolutionary History.
Lawrence J. Flynn is assistant director at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, and vertebrate paleontologist specializing in Asian studies. He is a long-time coinvestigator on the Siwalik Series of Pakistan and India, Miocene deposits well known for their richness including large hominoids. He is also coinvestigator with Chinese and American scholars on diverse fossil deposits of several Chinese provinces, including the Late Neogene Yushe Basin.
Mikael Fortelius is professor of evolutionary palaeontology at the University of Helsinki and has conducted field-based research in Asia for more than two decades, particularly in Turkey and China. He is a leader in the field of palaeodiet reconstruction and the use of mammalian ecometrics in palaeobiological research. Since 1992, he has coordinated the international NOW database of Neogene mammal localities and species of the Old World. He is the lead editor of Geology and Paleontology of the Miocene Sinap Formation, Turkey.