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Evolution

Textbook

By: Douglas J Futuyma (Author)

742 pages, colour & b/w photos, colour illustrations

Sinauer Associates

Hardback | Jul 2013 | Edition: 3 | #203901 | ISBN-13: 9781605351155
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £48.99 $62/€58 approx

About this book

Evolution, Third Edition is a comprehensive treatment of contemporary evolutionary biology that is directed toward an undergraduate audience. It addresses major themes – including the history of evolution, evolutionary processes, adaptation, and evolution as an explanatory framework – at levels of biological organization ranging from genomes to ecological communities. Throughout, the text emphasizes the interplay between theory and empirical tests of hypotheses, thus acquainting students with the process of science. Teachers and students will find the list of important concepts and terms in each chapter a helpful guide, and will appreciate the dynamic figures and lively photographs. The content of all chapters has been updated (see the annotated contents section for details.)

New to this edition:
- Greatly revised treatment of methods of phylogenetic analysis
- Up-to-date coverage of human evolution, based on the fossil record and genomic variation
- Reorganized treatment of the history of changes in biological diversity, integrating information from paleontology and phylogenetics
- Coverage of important new developments in sexual selection and the evolutionary advantage of sex
- Updated and expanded coverage of reinforcement in speciation, and of speciation with gene flow
- Extensive updating of very recent advances in evolutionary genomics
- Roughly 25% of the figures are new
- The bibliography includes 460 new citations (of approximately 1700)


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See the previous edition

Evolution

Presents a comprehensive treatment of contemporary evolutionary biology....

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Contents

1. Evolutionary Biology

    Added example of hypothetico-deductive method (prediction and verification) in evolutionary biology

2. The Tree of Life: Classification and Phylogeny

    Revised, updated discussion of statistical methods of phylogenetic analysis
    New box describing additional phylogenetic methods
    Updated discussion of incomplete lineage sorting
    New section on applications and extensions of phylogenetics

3. Patterns of Evolution

    New material on molecular convergence
    Updated discussion of comparative genome sizes and numbers of genes in genome

4. Evolution in the Fossil Record

    Updated material on feathered dinosaurs and the origin of birds
    Updated information about the Hominin fossil record, new genomic data, and human origins

5. A History of Life on Earth
Updated references and information on (among other things):

    The origin of life/earliest life
    Laboratory evolution of RNA mixtures
    The evolution of multicellularity
    Comparative genetics of choanoflagellates and animals
    Age of animal phyla
    The evolution of angiosperms
    Phylogeny of vertebrate groups
    Early mammalian diversity
    Causes of Pleistocene megafaunal extinction

6. The Geography of Evolution

    A description of new methods of historical biogeographic analysis
    Updated discussion of historical biogeography in Hawaii and Southern hemisphere
    New material on the spread of Homo sapiens beyond Africa (including admixture of Neanderthal and Denisovan genes)

7. The Evolution of Biodiversity

    Extensive reorganization and better integration of topics
    Improved integration of paleontological and phylogenetic approaches to estimating clade diversity through time
    Updated material on patterns of temporal change in clade diversity
    Updated discussion of diversity-dependent diversification
    New section on why some kinds of organisms are more diverse
    Updated and expanded section on adaptive radiation

8. The Origin of Genetic Variation

    Updated discussion of effects of regulatory mutations
    New material on molecular causes of pleiotropy
    Updated material on fitness effects of mutation in noncoding regions of the genome, and on the frequency of neutral and nonneutral mutations
    New description of epistatic mutations

9. Variation: The Foundation of Evolution

    New section on nongenetic inherited variation
    Recast material on linkage disequilibrium
    Updated references on patterns of human genetic variation, in relation to notions of “race”

10. Genetic Drift: Evolution at Random

    Expanded introduction to random processes in evolution
    Updated material on reduced variation caused by population bottlenecks
    McDonald-Kreitman test for selection moved to Chapter 12
    New, updated section on molecular clocks
    Rewritten and updated material on the origin of modern Homo sapiens, human effective population size, and genetic correlates of explosive population growth

11. Natural Selection and Adaptation

    Added discussion of selection sorting in both time and space
    New material on effective environment depending on species
    Expanded treatment of testing hypotheses of adaptation by experiments
    Material on adaptive evolution moved to this chapter and expanded
    New section on adaptation to global warming

12. The Genetic Theory of Natural Selection

    Updated examples of gene flow vs. selection, the effect of gene flow on local adaptation, and frequency-dependent selection
    Updated treatment of a classic example: industrial melanism in the peppered moth
    New material on detecting selection from geographic variation
    Expanded treatment of tests and evidence for selection in DNA sequence data
    Updated treatment of selection in the human genome
    New section dealing with adaptation based on new vs. standing variation

13. Phenotypic Evolution

    Substantial rewriting and shortening of some sections
    Updated material on QTL for human traits
    New treatment of directional selection in contemporary human populations
    New treatment of evolution of phenotypic plasticity
    Updates on genetic constraints, modularity, and evolution of pleiotropy
    New section on whether adaptation can rescue species from extinction

14. The Evolution of Life Histories

    Rewritten section on age schedules of reproduction
    Section on “Life Histories and Mating Strategies” moved to this chapter from Chapter 15

15. Sex and Reproductive Success

    Updated material on the costs of sex, clonal interference, sex and parasites
    Treatment of the newest models of the advantage of sex and recombination (separating advantageous alleles from disadvantageous alleles elsewhere in the genome)
    Reorganized material on the evolution of mate choice
    New sections on reversed and mutual sexual selection, and on the effects of sexual selection on adaptation
    Updated treatment of sexual conflict

16. Conflict and Cooperation

    Reorganized discussion of social interactions and cooperation
    Expanded material on the direct benefits of cooperation
    New section on the evolution of spite
    Updated and reorganized sections on social insects and on kin selection vs. group selection
    Expanded treatment of evolutionary approaches to human behavior

17. Species

    Expanded treatment of phylogenetic species concepts
    Updated discussion of ecological isolation, hybrid inviability, and the genetics of behavioral isolation
    Expanded treatment of genetic incompatibility based on duplicate genes
    Revised section on genetic divergence and exchange

18. Speciation

    Expanded section on evidence for allopatric speciation
    Updated discussion of ecological speciation
    Revised material on reinforcement of reproductive isolation
    Expanded treatments of sexual selection and speciation and of peripatric speciation
    Revised section on sympatric speciation; new material on genomic studies of speciation with gene flow

19. Coevolution: Evolving Interactions among Species

    Revised section on aposematism and mimicry
    Expanded and reorganized section on parasite–host interactions and infectious disease (includes updated treatment of the evolution of virulence, the molecular basis of host resistance, and evolution and epidemics)
    Revised material on evolution of competitive interactions
    New section on evolution and community structure

20. Evolution of Genes and Genomes
Contributed by Scott V. Edwards

    New section on diverse players and processes in genomes
    New information on the fraction of the genome that is functional
    Updated discussion of nonadaptive processes in genome evolution
    Discussion of developmental processes and rates of protein evolution
    Updated treatment of the role of noncoding regions in the evolution of humans
    Discussion of what new genomes reveal about major events in the history of life
    Revised material on molecular convergence as evidence for natural selection

21. Evolution and Development
Contributed by John R. True

    Updated coverage of the evolutionary developmental biology of flower development
    New material on the evolutionary developmental biology of flower symmetry
    Updated section on genome-level and pathway perspectives of developmental evolution
    Updated discussions of protein sequence changes in regulatory and morphological evolution
    New perspectives on macroevolution and the role of developmental arrest in morphological evolution
    New material on the integration of ecological developmental biology

22. Macroevolution: Evolution above the Species Level

    Updated treatment of stasis, gradualism and saltation, and the evolution of complex characteristics
    New material on developmental biology and complexity
    Revised section on evolvability
    New section on predictability and contingency in evolution

23. Evolutionary Science and Creationism

    Updated discussion of evolution in relation to health and medicine
    New material on evolutionary approaches to pest management

Glossary
Literature Cited
Index


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Biography

Douglas J. Futuyma is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolution at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. After earning his B.S. from Cornell University, he undertook graduate studies at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, there completing both his M.S. and Ph.D. (with Lawrence B. Slobodkin) in Zoology. Dr. Futuyma is the author of two previous editions of Evolution, as well as three editions of its predecessor, Evolutionary Biology. In addition, he has authored or edited several other books. These include: Coevolution (Sinauer Associates, 1983, edited with M. Slatkin); Science on Trial: The Case for Evolution (Pantheon, 1982; Sinauer Associates, 1995); and Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology, Volumes 7-9 (Oxford University Press, 1990, 1992, 1993, edited with J. Antonovics).

Dr. Futuyma received the 1997 Sewall Wright Award of the American Society of Naturalists and the 2012 Joseph Leidy Award of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University (Philadelphia).. He has served as President of the Society for the Study of Evolution (1987), the American Society of Naturalists (1994), and the American Institute of Biological Sciences (2007), and was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1996 and the National Academy of Sciences in 2006. Dr. Futuyma has served as Editor of Evolution and is currently Editor of the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. His major research interests include evolution of host specificity in herbivorous insects and of interactions among insects and plants, speciation, and evolution of community structure.

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