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Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America

Presents findings from the latest research being conducted on the impacts from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the most devastating environmental disaster in U.S. history
Provides a 20-year “lessons learned” perspective from the Exxon Valdez spill from scientists who have been working on those impacts for the last 20 years
Addresses multiple levels of biological organization, from molecular biology, physiology, individual organisms, populations, to communities
Illustrates some of the latest technologies to have developed in assessing toxicological impacts to organisms from oil spills
Covers oil spill impacts in a broad range of marine ecosystem components, including salt marsh vegetation, zooplankton, benthos, and fishes

Series: CRC Marine Biology Series

By: J Brian Alford (Editor), Mark S Peterson (Editor), Christopher C Green (Editor)

376 pages, 70 illustrations

CRC Press

Hardback | Nov 2014 | #205372 | ISBN-13: 9781466557208
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £76.99 $97/€90 approx

About this book

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America comes at a historic time in our changing world. Aquatic sciences are heavily entrenched in understanding the fate of marine ecosystems in the face of human-altered environments at an increasingly global scale. Oil spill disasters, especially large-scale tragedies like Exxon Valdez (EV) and Deepwater Horizon (DWH), have left uncertain and indelible marks on marine ecosystems. Topics include EV impacts to the Prince William Sound ecosystem 20-years later, chronic effects to pink salmon, waterfowl and sea otters, and the collapse of the herring fishery.


Contents

Part 1: Lessons Learned from Exxon Valdez to Deepwater Horizon
- Keynote Address - Oil Spill Disasters and Chronic Responses of Fish: Lessons from Exxon Valdez to Deepwater Horizon
- Long Term Impacts of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill on Embryonic Pink Salmon Resulted in Population Effects
- The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Long-Term Effects and Pathways of Exposure to Nearshore Vertebrates
- The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and the Collapse of the Prince William Sound Herring Stock
- Effects of the 1979 Ixtoc I Oil Spill on Marine Fauna in the Southern Gulf of Mexico

Part 2: Toxicological Impacts to Marine Organisms
- Endocrine Disruption in Herring Exposed to Dissolved Hydrocarbons
- Effects of Petroleum Stressors on Life History Development in Fishes
- Blood Samples Stabilized in the Field for Laboratory Analyses after 24 Hours
- Acute Toxicity of the Anionic Surfactant Dioctyl Sodium Sulfosuccinate to Eggs, Larvae, and Juvenile Gulf Killifish at Varying Salinities
- Laboratory Exposures to Dispersed Oil in Fish, Shrimp and Crabs: Implications for Survival and Growth in Oil-Impacted Estuaries
- Toxicological Impacts of Oil on Blue Crab (Callinectes sapidus) Megalopae Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
- Resolving changes in zooplankton biomass and community composition during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Part 3: Impacts to marine habitats from oil and oil prevention measures
- Oil impacts to saltmarsh habitats from the Deepwater Horizon spill
- City, County, and State Methods to Protect Mississippi Bayous, Estuaries, and Marine Fisheries During the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
- Response of juvenile Lemon sharks habitat use in Southeastern Louisiana to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Subsequent Spill Prevention Measures
- Assessing Impacts on Coastal Wetlands of Oil Released from Deepwater Horizon
- Prolonged Freshwater Exposure and Its Immediate and Long-Term Effects on Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) Populations in Breton Sound, Louisiana


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Biography

J. Brian Alford is currently an assistant professor at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA. He holds a BS and MS from the University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, USA, and a Ph.D from Mississippi State University, Starkville, USA. He previously worked as an environmental scientist for the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, Jackson, USA; field technician at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA; research coordinator at Mississippi State University for assessing post-Hurricane Katrina restoration of catfish and largemouth bass fisheries in the Pascagoula River Basin; and fisheries research biologist for the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Baton Rouge, USA.

Mark S. Peterson is a professor at The University of Southern Mississippi, Ocean Springs, USA. His current research projects in the university’s Gulf Coast Research Laboratory include: developing ecosystem-based management tools (field monitoring, GIS, modeling) to evaluate habitat use and recruitment success of fishes in coastal ecosystems; evaluating the influence of altered/fragmented, partially-altered/fragmented, and near-pristine salt-marsh tidal creeks on diversity, community structure, and food web structure of fishes using traditional and stable isotope methodology; quantifying size-related movement patterns and critical habitat characteristics of threatened Gulf sturgeon including large-scale connectivity of eastern and western populations; and more.

Christopher C. Green is an associate professor at Louisiana State University (LSU), Baton Rouge, USA. He holds a BS from the University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA; MS from the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, USA; and Ph.D from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA. Dr. Green’s lab at the LSU Agricultural Center (AgCenter) focuses on applied reproductive fish physiology and endocrinology, with an emphasis on freshwater and estuarine aquaculture species. A popular reviewer, Dr. Green has served on the editorial board of the North American Journal of Aquaculture and as co-editor of the second edition of Cryopreservation of Aquatic Species.

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