Books  General Natural History  History of Science 

The Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers, Ice, and Glaciers

Series: Cambridge Earth Science Series

By: John Tyndall (Author)

206 pages, 35 b/w illustrations

Cambridge University Press

Paperback | Nov 2011 | Edition: 2 | #205662 | ISBN-13: 9781108037839
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £21.99 $27/€25 approx

About this book

A reprint of a classical work in the Cambridge Library Collection.

John Tyndall (1820-93) was an Irish physicist who became fascinated by mountaineering after a scientific expedition to Switzerland in 1856. He traversed the summit of the Matterhorn in 1868 and climbed Mount Blanc three times. Alongside this love of mountains was a scientific interest in glaciers and ice formations. Tyndall was also well-regarded for his ability to communicate with the public about science.

Many of his books, such The Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers, Ice, and Glaciers, published in 1872 as part of the International Scientific Series, are aimed at the general reader. Tyndall uses this work to explain many aspects of water, beginning with cloud formation and rain before moving on to ice, snow and glaciers. He also discusses the principles behind phenomena ranging from tropical rains to glacial movement.

Illustrated and organised into 493 different points under themed headings, The Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers, Ice, and Glaciers gives clear explanations of the complexity of the earth's water system.


1, 2. Clouds, rains, and rivers
3. The waves of light
4. The waves of heat which produce the vapour of our atmosphere and melt our glaciers
5. Experiments to prove the foregoing statements
6. Oceanic distillation
7. Tropical rains
8. Mountain condensers
9. Architecture of snow
10. Atomic poles
11. Architecture of lake ice
12. The source of the Aveiron
13. The Mer de Glace and its sources
14. Ice-cascade and snows of the Col du Geant
15. Questioning the glaciers
16. Branches and medial moraines of the Mer de Glace from the cleft station
17. The Talefre and the Jardin
18. First questions regarding glacier motion
19. The motion of glaciers
20. Precise measurements of Agassiz and Forbes
21. The theodolite and its use
22. Motion of the Mer de Glace
23. Unequal motion of the two sides of the Mer de Glace
24. Suggestion of a new likeness of glacier motion to river motion
25. New law of glacier motion
26. Motion of axis of Mer de Glace
27. Motion of tributary glaciers
28. Motion of top and bottom of glacier
29. Lateral compression of a glacier
30. Longitudinal compression of a glacier
31. Sliding and flowing
32. Winter on the Mer de Glace
33. Winter motion of the Mer de Glace
34. Motion of the Grindelwald and Aletsch Glacier
35. Motion of Morteratsch Glacier
36. Birth of a crevasse
37. Icicles
38. The Bergschrund
39. Transverse crevasses
40. Marginal crevasses
41. Longitudinal crevasses
42. Crevasses in relation to curvature of glacier
43. Moraine-ridges, glacier tables, and sand cones
44. The glacier mills or moulins
45. The changes of volume of water by heat and cold
46. Consequences flowing from the foregoing properties of water, correction of errors
47. The molecular mechanism of water-congelation
48. The dirt bands of the Mer de Glace
49. Sea-ice and icebergs
50. The Aeggischhorn, the Margelin See and its icebergs
51. The Bel Alp
52. The Riffelberg and Gorner Glacier
53. Ancient glaciers of Switzerland
54. Erratic blocks
55. Ancient glaciers of England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales
56. The glacier epoch
57. Glacial theories
58. Dilatation and sliding theories
59. Plastic theory
60. Viscous theory
61. Regelation theory
62. Cause of regelation
63. Faraday's view of regelation
64. The blue veins of glaciers
65. Relation of structure to pressure
66. Slate cleavage and glacier lamination
67. Conclusion

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