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Molecular Environmental Soil Science

Series: Progress in Soil Science

By: Jian-Ming Xu (Editor), Donald L Sparks (Editor)

500 pages, 24 colour & 112 b/w illustrations, 1 colour table

Springer-Verlag

Hardback | Nov 2012 | #205779 | ISBN-13: 9789400741768
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £138.00 $175/€162 approx

About this book

Based on the International Symposium of Molecular Environmental Soil Science at the Interfaces in the Earth's Critical Zone, Molecular Environmental Soil Science focuses on the Critical Zone supporting life at the Earth's surface with emphasis on the new and emerging subject area of molecular environmental soil science. Advances in research methodology, the use of synchrotron radiation in particular, are extensively reviewed. Roles of microbes, biomolecules, and environmental nanoparticles in mineral transformations, metal cycling, degradation of natural and anthropogenic organic compounds are also extensively reviewed.

Molecular Environmental Soil Science is unique in terms of facilitating the integration of contributions from traditionally separate disciplines and adding a molecular and nanoparticle (therefore chemical) dimension to a field of endeavour that has traditionally been viewed on a different scale (dimension). It will also contribute to identifying knowledge gaps, providing future research directions and promoting research and education at the molecular level in this extremely important and challenging area of science for years to come.

The IUPAC Project Committee noted that the Conference identifies, and builds on, the need to view and understand the Critical Zone at the molecular level. Molecular Environmental Soil Science will be an invaluable reference for research and education.


Contents

- Dynamics of persistent organic pollutants in soil environment and their interaction with organic matter and root exudates
- Microbial extracellular enzymes and the degradation of natural and synthetic polymers in soil
- Structure, biological activity and environmental fate of insecticidal Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) Cry proteins of bacterial and genetically modified plant origin
- The role of bacteria and archaea in nitrification, nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emissions in nitrogen-rich grassland soils
- Advances in the use of synchrotron radiation to elucidate environmental interfacial reaction processes and mechanisms in the Earth's critical zone
- Microbial roles in mineral transformations and metal cycling in the Earth's critical zone
- Role of biomolecules in influencing transformation mechanisms of metals and metalloids in soil environments
- Mechanisms for the interaction between heavy metals and variable charge surfaces
- The electrostatic field effect from surface charges on ion diffusion/adsorption in the soil
- Effects of "aging" on bioreactive chemical retention, transformation, and transport in soil
- Sorption comparison between pharmaceuticals and hydrophobic organic chemicals in soils and sediments
- Adsorption of organic compounds by black carbon from aqueous solution
- Subsoil acidification in farming systems: its possible causes and management options
- Microbial indicators of soil quality in upland soils
- Impacts of agricultural management practices on soil physical, chemical and biological properties


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Biography

Dr. Jian-ming Xu is a soil scientist with particular interests in the field of the chemical and biochemical processes of contaminants in soil, characterization of soil humic substances, and impact of soil environmental quality on food safety. He is now a leading scientist and the Director of Soil and Water Resources & Environmental Science at Zhejiang University, the Chair of Soil Chemistry Division of Soil Science Society of China, and the Coordinator of Chinese Chapter of International Humic Substances Society. He has published over 200 scientific papers, notably in top international journals as Soil Biology & Biochemistry, etc.

Dr. Donald L. Sparks is S. Hallock du Pont Chair of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Francis Alison Professor, and Chairperson, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at the University of Delaware at Newark. He also holds joint faculty appointments in the Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Chemistry and Biochemistry, and in the College of Marine Studies. In 2006, he was appointed as Director of the Center for Critical Zone Research, a university wide center dealing with environmental science and engineering. His discoveries on the formation and role of surface precipitates in the retention, fate and transport of metals in natural systems have received worldwide attention and had major impacts in the areas of sorption models, metal speciation and soil remediation/contamination. He has (co-)authored and edited over 200 publications. He served as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Geoderma and on the Editorial Boards of Soil Science, Advances in Agronomy, Pedosphere, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, and Vadose Zone Journal. At the University of Delaware, Dr. Sparks was instrumental in building the soil science program, including the establishment of the federally funded Institute of Soil and Environmental Quality (ISEQ) and the establishment of the UD Center for Critical Zone Research (CCZR). Dr. Sparks has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors.

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