Books  Environmental Science  Climate & Climate Change 

Climate Management Issues: Economics, Sociology, and Politics

By: Julie K Gines (Author)

470 pages, 65 b/w illustrations, 18 tables

CRC Press

Hardback | Dec 2011 | #205981 | ISBN-13: 9781439861066
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £66.99 $84/€79 approx

About this book

Despite all the controversy and hype that climate change has generated, there now exists an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that the problem is real and that its effects are already being felt on a global scale. Part of what makes this a volatile and controversial issue is that it is not just confined to the realms of the scientific community, nor does it have just one simple, predefined solution – it has multifaceted dimensions involving economic, sociological, political, psychological, and personal issues, making this a topic that affects every person on earth now and in the future.

Connecting the dots, Climate Management Issues: Economics, Sociology, and Politics is the first book to propose a truly comprehensive solution to effectively deal with climate change in both the short and long term. It reaches across diverse sectors of society to link issues in climate change management and offer new insights into the complex interrelationships. As the author emphasizes, climate change extends far beyond the physical sciences to affect lifestyles, cultural values, political systems, economics, and health. An overview of the physical science of climate change gives readers a firm understanding of the concepts they need for policy and decision making, sociological applications, and community leadership.

Climate Management Issues: Economics, Sociology, and Politics then focuses on multifaceted aspects such as international cooperation, journalistic balance, human psychology, international policy, national security, socioeconomic impacts, agricultural conservation, healthcare, the economics of mitigation, climate modeling, and error amplification. This timely volume puts on center stage those crucial ideas that are usually overlooked, misunderstood, or lost in media sensationalism. Enlightening and empowering readers, it looks at the decisions that must be made to mitigate climate change problems before irreversible damage is done.


Contents

Introduction

The Earth’s Climate System

What Is Climate Change?
The Global System Concept
The Atmosphere’s Structure
The Carbon Cycle: Natural versus Human Amplification
The Hydrologic Cycle and the Relationships between the Land, Ocean, and Atmosphere
Global Energy Balance
Rates of Change
Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Change
Extreme Weather
The Role of Ocean Circulation in Climate Change
The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt and Consequences of Destabilization: Abrupt Climate Change
Effects of Sea-Level Rise
Future Projections

The Role of Greenhouse Gases
Radiation Transmission
The Natural and Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
Radiative Forcing
The Earth’s Energy Balance
Greenhouse Gases
Climate Change Potential
Carbon Sequestration
Sinks and Sources
Types of Carbon Sequestration
Impacts of Deforestation
Anthropogenic Causes and Effects: Carbon Footprints
Areas Most at Risk
Fossil Fuels and Climate Change
The New Carbon Balance: Summing It All Up
The Concern about Coal Emissions
Health Issues Associated with Climate Change
Contributors to Climate Change and Pollution
Key Impacts

Climate Change and Its Effect on Ecosystems
The Results of Climate Change on Ecosystems
Impacts to Forests
Impacts to Rangelands, Grasslands, and Prairies
Impacts on Polar Ecosystems
Impacts to Desert Ecosystems
Mountain Ecosystems in Danger Worldwide
Challenges in Marine Environments

The Inception of Climate Change Management
The Montreal Protocol: A Working Model
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol
The UNFCCC
The Kyoto Protocol
The U.S. Response and International Reactions
The G8
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPCC Reports
The Bali Conference (2007)
Copenhagen Climate Change Conference (2009)
Cancun Convention (2010)
Bangkok (2011)

Sociological Connections to Climate Change
The Environment and Sociology
The Need for Biodiversity
Environmental Movements: The Classic Case of Earth Day
The Ramifications of Climate Change on Society
Climate Justice
Immigration Issues
One Explanation to Encourage Going Green
Other Social Factors to Consider

Human Psychology and the Media
Climate Change, Human Psychology, Cultural Values, and the Media
The Power of the Media
Keeping a Journalistic Balance
Scientists’ Mindsets and Data Change
The Occasional Data Flaw

The Role of International Organizations
The Evolution of International Cooperation
The Role of International Organizations
The Progress of Individual Countries
Nations Working toward Sustainability

The Political Arena
The Current Political Climate in the United States
President Obama’s Outlook on Climate Change at Election
The Beginnings of Change in Legislation
Current Executive Branch Action
Current Congressional Action
Congressional Input and Contributions toward Climate Change
Legislation with Obama
Past Congressional Input and Contributions toward Climate Change Legislation
The International Political Arena
Policies in Key Countries

Sociopolitical Impacts of Climate Change
Climate Change, National Security, and Terrorism
Climate Change, Inaction, and War
Climate Change, Conflict, and State Fragility
The Concept of Climate Justice and Equity

Military Issues and Climate Change
Climate Change and Military Effectiveness
The Pentagon Takes the Lead on Cutting Back on Fossil Fuels
DoD Embraces Green Energy: Turning Goals into Examples

Economics of Climate Change and Socioeconomic Implications
Climate Change and Economic Considerations
Economic Impacts of Drought and Desertification
The Fishing and Forestry Industries
Changes in Monsoon Patterns
Agriculture and Food Production
Impacts to the Recreation and Tourism Industry
Healthcare and Labor-Related Impacts
Transportation and Energy Considerations
Resulting Insurance Costs and Impacts
The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change
Meeting the Challenges of Climate Impacts

The Economics of Mitigation Options
Cap and Trade
Project-Based Markets
Allowance-Based Markets
The Economics of Cap and Trade
Economics of Mitigation
Carbon Capture and Storage
Geological Formation Sequestration
Ocean Sequestration
Adaptation Strategies

Professional Guidance: Climate Research, Modeling, and Data Analysis
Climate Change Research
Climate Modeling
The Modeling Challenge: A Brief History
Fundamentals of Climate Modeling
The Physics of Modeling
Simplifying the Climate System
Modeling the Climate Response
Types of Climate Models
Testing a Model: Modeling Trouble Spots
Confidence and Validation
Modeling Uncertainties and Challenges
Error Amplification
Modeling Uncertainties and Drawbacks
Other Unknowns
Two Case Studies

The Clock Is Ticking: Changing for the Benefit of Future Generations
A Look toward the Future
Winners and Losers
New Technologies
The Final Choice

Appendix
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Member Nations

Glossary

Index


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Biography

Julie Kerr Gines, PhD, has been an earth scientist for more than 34 years, promoting a healthier and better-managed environment. She has dealt with the hands-on applications of resource and climate change management, focusing on the delicate balance of the multifaceted issues involving the political, economic, and sociological components in both short- and long-term applications with real-world ramifications. Dr. Gines approaches the subject with a background uniquely blended with conservation and land-use management expertise with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, military applications with the U.S. Air Force, and university-based research. She has also had environmental experience serving in the professional community as the president of the Intermountain Chapter of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and spent years dedicated to the promotion of a healthier environment through participation with various environmental groups. A prolific author, she has published more than 23 books.

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