Books  Environmental Science  Waste Management & Remediation 

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations

By: Frank R Spellman (Author)

928 pages, 521 b/w illustrations, 147 tables

CRC Press

Paperback | Nov 2013 | Edition: 3 | #207931 | ISBN-13: 9781466553378
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £98.99 $125/€118 approx

About this book

This completely revised and updated third edition of a bestseller continues to be a thorough compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends. It examines numerous real-world operating scenarios, including the intake of raw sewage and the treatment of water via residual management.

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations contains numerous regulatory updates related to water/wastewater treatment, a new chapter on operator safety, and more than 250 new water/wastewater math practice problems for those preparing for licensure.


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Contents

Part I Water and Wastewater Operations: An Overview

Current Issues in Water & Wastewater Treatment Operations

Introduction

Sick Water

Publicly Owned Treatment Works: Cash Cows or Cash Dogs?

The Paradigm Shift

Multiple-Barrier Concept

Management Problems Facing Water and Wastewater Operations

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water/Wastewater Operators

Introduction

Setting the Record Straight

The Computer-Literate Jack or Jill

Plant Operators as Emergency Responders

Operator Duties, Numbers, and Working Conditions

Operator Certification and Licensure

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Plant Security

Introduction

Consequences of  9/11

Security Hardware/Devices

SCADA

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Energy Conservation Measures and Sustainability

Introduction

Pumping System Energy Conservation Measures

Design and Control of Aeration Systems

Blowers

Innovative & Emerging Energy Conservation Measures

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water/Wastewater References, Models, Terminology & Acronyms

Setting the Stage

Treatment Process Models

Key Terms and Acronyms Used in Water & Wastewater Operations

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Part II Water/Wastewater Operations: Math, Physics &Technical Aspects

Water/Wastewater Math Operations

Introduction

Calculation Steps

Equivalents, Formulae, and Symbols

Basic Water/Wastewater Math Operations

Applied Math Operations

Water Math Concepts

Wastewater Math Concepts

Water/Wastewater Laboratory Calculations

Review Problems

References and Recommended Reading

Science Fundamentals

Introduction

Force and Motion

Acceleration

Force

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Work

Energy

Momentum

Circular Motions

Angular Motion

Angular Velocity

Angular Acceleration

Torque

Angular Momentum

Gravity

Thermal Properties

States of Matter

Wave Motion and Sound

Waves

Physics of Sound

Light

Color

Review Questions

Blueprint Reading

Blueprints: The Universal Language

Units of Measurement

Alphabet of Lines

Dimensions & Shop Notes

Machine Drawings

Sheet Metal Drawings

Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings

Welding Blueprints & Symbols

Electrical Drawings

AC & R Drawings

Schematics & Symbols

Electrical Schematics

General Piping Systems & System

Hydraulic & Pneumatic Systems Schematic Symbols

Review Questions

References & Recommended Reading

Water Hydraulics

What is Water Hydraulics?

Basic Concepts

Density and Specific Gravity

Force and Pressure

Static Head

Flow/Discharge Rate: Water in Motion

Piezometric Surface & Bernoulli’s Theorem

Well & Wet Well Hydraulics

Friction Head Loss

Basic Piping Hydraulics

Open-Channel Flow

Flow Measurement

Review Questions/Problems

References and Recommended Readings

Fundamentals of Electricity

Nature of Electricity

Structure of Matter

Conductor, Semiconductor, and Insulators

Static Electricity

Magnetism

Difference in Potential

Current

Resistance

Battery-Supplied Electricity

Simple Electrical Circuit

Ohm’s Law

Electrical Power

Electrical Energy (Kilowatt-Hours)

Series DC Circuit Characteristics

Ground

Open and Short Circuits

Parallel D-C Circuits

Series-Parallel Circuits

Conductors

Electromagnetism

A-C Theory

Inductance

Practical Electrical Applications

Review Question

References and Recommended Reading

Hydraulic Machines: Pumps

Introduction

Basic Pumping Calculations

Centrifugal Pumps

Positive-Displacement Pumps

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water/Wastewater Conveyance

Delivering the Lifeblood of Civilization

Conveyance Systems

Definitions

Fluids vs. Liquids

Maintaining Fluid Flow in Piping Systems

Piping System Accessories

Piping Systems: Temperature effects and Insulation

Metallic Piping

Non-metallic Piping

Tubing

Industrial Hoses

Pipe and Tube Fittings

Valves

Piping Systems: Protective Devices

Piping Ancillaries

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Part III Characteristics of Water

Basic Water Chemistry

Chemistry Concepts & Definitions

Chemistry Fundamentals

Water Solutions

Water Constituents

Common Water Measurements

Water Treatment Chemicals

Drinking Water Parameters: Chemical

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Microbiology

Introduction

Microbiology: What is it?

Water/Wastewater Microorganisms

Key Terms

Microorganism Classification and Differentiation

The Cell

Bacteria

Protozoa

Microscopic Crustaceans

Viruses

Algae

Fungi

Nematodes and Flatworms

Water Treatment and Microbiological Processes

Wastewater Treatment and Biological Processes

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Ecology

Introduction

What is Ecology?

Why is Ecology Important?

Why Study Ecology?

History of Ecology

Levels of Organization

Ecosystems

Energy Flow in the Ecosystem

Food Chain Efficiency

Ecological Pyramids

Productivity

Population Ecology

Steam Genesis and Structure

Benthic Life

Benthic Plants and Animals

Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Identification of Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Macroinvertebrates and the Food Web

Units of Organization

Typical Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Running Waters

Summary of Key Terms

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Quality

Introduction

The Water Cycle

Water Quality Standards

Water Quality Characteristics of Water and Wastewater

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Biomonitoring, Monitoring, Sampling, & Testing

What is biomonitoring?

Periphyton Protocols

Fish Protocols

Macroinvertebrate Protocol

Biological Sampling in Streams

Drinking Water Quality Monitoring

General Preparation and Sampling Considerations

Test Methods for Drinking Water and Wastewater

Review Questions

Reference and Recommended Reading

Part IV Water and Water Treatment

Potable Water Source

Introduction

Hydrologic Cycle

Sources of Water

Surface Water

Groundwater

Groundwater Under the Direct Influence of Surface Water

Surface Water Quality and Treatment Requirements

Public Water System Quality Requirements

Well Systems

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Watershed Protection

Introduction

Current Issues in Water Management

What is a Watershed?

Watershed Protection and Regulations

A Watershed Protection Plan

Reservoir Management Practices

Watershed Management Practices

Tools of Watershed Protection

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Water Treatment Operations

Introduction

Waterworks Operators

Purpose of Water Treatment

Stages of Treatment

Pretreatment

Coagulation

Flocculation

Sedimentation

Filtration

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water

Who is Ultimately Responsible for Drinking Water Quality?

Review Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Part V Wastewater and Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment Operations

Wastewater Operators

Wastewater Terminology and Definitions

Measuring Plant Performance

Wastewater Sources and Characteristics

Wastewater Collection Systems

Preliminary Treatment

Primary Treatment (Sedimentation)

Secondary Treatment

Activated Sludge

Disinfection of Wastewater

Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Solids (Sludge/Biosolids) Handling

Permits, Records, and Report

Review Questions/Problems

References and Recommended Reading

Appendix A

Appendix B


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