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Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Provides students, researchers and practitioners with an interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, combining natural science and social science methodologies for hazard risk analysis
Leading expert scientists, policy makers and practitioners present extreme natural events and the societal risk at regional, national and global scales, providing a unique resource
Detailed theoretical discussion is avoided, enabling readers of all backgrounds to understand and assess the material without negotiating complex mathematics

Series: Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics Volume: 1

By: Alik Ismail-Zadeh (Editor), Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi (Editor), Andrzej Kijko (Editor), Kuniyoshu Takeuchi (Editor), Ilya Zaliapin (Editor)

464 pages, 25 colour & 144 b/w illustrations, 30 tables

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Apr 2014 | #209008 | ISBN-13: 9781107033863
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £92.99 $114/€105 approx

About this book

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications presents a unique, interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, combining cutting-edge natural science and social science methodologies. Bringing together leading scientists, policy makers and practitioners from around the world, it presents the risks of global hazards such as volcanoes, seismic events, landslides, hurricanes, precipitation floods and space weather, and provides real-world hazard case studies from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific region. Avoiding complex mathematics, the authors provide insight into topics such as the vulnerability of society, disaster risk reduction policy, relations between disaster policy and climate change, adaptation to hazards, and (re)insurance approaches to extreme events. This is a key resource for academic researchers and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines linked to hazard and risk studies, including geophysics, volcanology, hydrology, atmospheric science, geomorphology, oceanography and remote sensing, and for professionals and policy makers working in disaster prevention and mitigation.


List of contributors

Part I. Introduction:
1. Extreme natural hazards and societal implications – ENHANS project Alik Ismail-Zadeh
2. The grand challenges of integrated research on disaster risk Gordon McBean

Part II. Extreme Hazards and Disaster Risks:
3. Extreme volcanism: disaster risks and societal implications Amy Donovan and Clive Oppenheimer
4. Extreme seismic events: from basic science to disaster risk mitigation Alik Ismail-Zadeh
5. The spatial-temporal dimensions of landslide disasters Irasema Alcántara-Ayala
6. Global climate model and projected hydro-meteorological extremes in the future Akio Kitoh
7. Physically-based hurricane risk analysis Ning Lin, Kerry Emanuel and Erik Vanmarcke
8. Satellite-based remote sensing estimation of precipitation for early warning systems Soroosh Sorooshian, Phu Nguyen, Scott Sellars, Dan Braithwaite, Amir AghaKouchak and Kuolin Hsu
9. Predicting and mitigating socio-economic impacts of extreme space weather: benefits of improved forecasts Daniel N. Baker, Jamie M. Jackson and Lauren K. Thompson
10. Predictability of extreme events in a branching diffusion model Andrei Gabrielov, Vladimir Keilis-Borok, Sayaka Olsen and Ilya Zaliapin

Part III. Case Studies: Latin America and the Caribbean Region:
11. Earthquakes, tsunamis, and the related vulnerability in South America and the Caribbean – an overview Omar J. Pérez, Carlos Rodríguez and José L. Alonso
12. Magnetic studies of active volcanoes in Mexico: implications for volcanic hazards and volcano monitoring Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi

Part IV. Case Studies: Africa:
13. Volcanism in Africa: geological perspectives, hazards and societal implications Nils Lenhardt and Clive Oppenheimer
14. Recent volcanic eruptions in the Afar rift, north-eastern Africa, and implications for volcanic risk management in the region Gezahegn Yirgu, David J. Ferguson, Talfan D. Barnie and Clive Oppenheimer
15. Large recorded earthquakes in Sub-Saharan Africa Vunganai Midzi and Brassnavy Manzunzu
16. Tsunami impact on the African continent: historical cases and hazard evaluation Vyacheslav K. Gusiakov
17. Advancing disaster risk governance in Madagascar: the role of higher education institutions Mahefasoa T. Randrianalijaona and Ailsa Holloway

Part V. Case Studies: Middle East:
18. Natural hazards in Saudi Arabia Abdulaziz M. Al-Bassam, Faisal K. Zaidi and Mohammad T. Hussein
19. Large earthquakes and tsunamis in the Mediterranean region and its connected seas Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos and Antonia Papageorgiou
20. Earthquake risk and risk reduction capacity building in Iran Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany

Part VI. Case Studies: Asia and the Pacific Region:
21. The Chao Phraya floods 2011 Sucharit Koontanakulvong
22. Environmental risk management in Australia: natural hazards Tom Beer
23. The 2008 Wenchuan, China, earthquake Zhongliang Wu and Tengfei Ma
24. The 2011 Tohoku, Japan, earthquake and tsunami Kenji Satake
25. India's tsunami warning system T. Srinivasa Kumar, Shailesh Nayak and Harsh K. Gupta

Part VII. Disaster Risks and Societal Implications:
26. The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction and the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–15): essential tools for meeting the challenges of extreme events Sálvano Briceño
27. Disaster policy and climate change: how much more of the same? Stephen Dovers and John Handmer
28. Vulnerability, impacts and adaptation to sea level related hazards taking an ecosystem based approach Keith Alverson
29. Extreme geohazards: risk management from a (re)insurance perspective Anselm Smolka
30. Hitting the poor: public-private partnership as an option. Impact of natural catastrophes on economies at various stages of development Angelika Wirtz, Petra Löw, Thomas Mahl and Sibel Yildirim


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Alik Ismail-Zadeh is Senior Scientist at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany and Chief Scientist at the Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His scientific interests cover studies of dynamics of the lithosphere and upper mantle and their surface manifestations including seismicity, seismic hazard and risk. Professor Ismail-Zadeh is Secretary-General of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), and has also served as President of the Natural Hazards Focus Group of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), President of the IUGG Union Commission of Geophysical Risk and Sustainability, and the leader of the ENHANS project. He is a recipient of the Academia Europaea Young Scientist Award, 2009 AGU International Award, and the 2012 AOGS Ian Axford Lecture Award on Natural Hazards.

Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi is Professor of Geophysics at Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), and is a leading expert in geomagnetism and volcanism. He is President of the Mexican Physics Society and a member of the Governing Board of the American Institute of Physics, the National University of Mexico and the Science Advisory Council of Mexico. Professor Urrutia-Fucugauchi has been awarded the Mexican Government's National Science Award, the Organization of American States' 'Manuel Noriega Morales' Prize, and the American Geophysical Union's 2013 International Award.

Andrzej Kijko is the Director of the University of Pretoria Natural Hazards Centre, Pretoria, South Africa, and also a Professor of the University of Pretoria. As an internationally acclaimed researcher, he has been active in engineering geophysics and seismology for about 40 years. Professor Kijko's interests and responsibilities have taken him around the world and he has a wide range of experience from the various research posts and consulting positions he has held.

Kuniyoshi Takeuchi is the founding Director of the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM) in Tsukuba, and is also Professor Emeritus of the University of Yamanashi in Kofu, Japan. He is a distinguished hydrologist whose research interests cover water resources, flood management, extreme floods and societal needs of hydrological forecasting, sustainability analysis of water resources. Professor Takeuchi is Chair of the IUGG GeoRisk Commission and Vice Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Program 'Integrated Research on Disaster Risk' (IRDR). He has received numerous awards including the 2012 International Hydrological Prize.

Ilya Zaliapin is Associate Professor of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Nevada, USA. His broad research interests cover problems of self-similarity, network transport, aggregation processes, delay equations, multiscale methods of time series analysis, random sums of heavy-tailed variables, geostatistics, extreme value theory with applications to atmospheric, hydrological and seismological research. He has been Secretary of the Natural Hazards Focus Group of the American Geophysical Union.

- Alik Ismail-Zadeh
- Gordon McBean
- Amy Donovan
- Clive Oppenheimer
- Irasema Alcántara-Ayala
- Akio Kitoh
- Ning Lin
- Kerry Emanuel
- Erik Vanmarcke
- Soroosh Sorooshian
- Phu Nguyen
- Scott Sellars
- Dan Braithwaite
- Amir AghaKouchak
- Kuolin Hsu
- Daniel N. Baker
- Jamie M. Jackson
- Lauren K. Thompson
- Andrei Gabrielov
- Vladimir Keilis-Borok
- Sayaka Olsen
- Ilya Zaliapin
- Omar J. Pérez
- Carlos Rodríguez
- José L. Alonso
- Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi
- Nils Lenhardt
- Gezahegn Yirgu
- David J. Ferguson
- Talfan D. Barnie
- Vunganai Midzi
- Brassnavy Manzunzu
- Vyacheslav K. Gusiakov
- Mahefasoa T. Randrianalijaona
- Ailsa Holloway
- Abdulaziz M. Al-Bassam
- Faisal K. Zaidi
- Mohammad T. Hussein
- Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos
- Antonia Papageorgiou
- Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany
- Sucharit Koontanakulvong
- Tom Beer
- Zhongliang Wu
- Tengfei Ma
- Kenji Satake
- T. Srinivasa Kumar
- Shailesh Nayak
- Harsh K. Gupta
- Sálvano Briceño
- Stephen Dovers
- John Handmer
- Keith Alverson
- Anselm Smolka
- Angelika Wirtz
- Petra Löw
- Thomas Mahl
- Sibel Yildirim

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