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Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics

In depth, analysis and scope of the Nile Basin
Acts as a guide for other similar transboundary rivers of the world
Interdisciplinary approach combining science, engineering and management
A reference for understanding regional water issues for a changing basin
Appeals for researchers in the 11 Nile basin counties and those working in water related areas like health, agriculture, food security and energy, transboundary water management

By: Assefa M Melesse (Editor), Wossenu Abtew (Editor), Shimelis Gebriye Setegn (Editor)

703 pages, 172 colour & 55 b/w illustrations, 106 tables

Springer-Verlag

Hardback | Feb 2014 | #211142 | ISBN-13: 9783319027197
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £178.00 $226/€212 approx

About this book

Nile River Basin provides a comprehensive overview of the hydrology of the Nile River, especially the ecohydrological degradation and challenges the basin is facing, the impact of climate change on water availability and the transboundary water management issues. Nile River Basin includes analysis and approaches that will help provide different insights into the hydrology of this complex basin, which covers 11 countries and is home to over 300 million people. The need for water-sharing agreements that reflect the current situations of riparian countries and are based on equitable water- sharing principles is stressed in many chapters.

Nile River Basin explores water resource availability and quality and their trends in the basin, soil erosion and watershed degradation at different scales, water and health, land use and climate change impact, transboundary issues and water management, dams, reservoirs and lakes. The link between watershed and river water quantity and quality is discussed pointing out the importance of watershed protection for better water resource management, water accessibility, institutional set-up and policy, water demand and management. Nile River Basin also presents the water sharing sticking points in relation to historical treaties and the emerging water demands of the upstream riparian countries. The need for collaboration and identification of common ground to resolve the transboundary water management issues and secure a win-win is also indicated.


Contents

Part I: Hydrology and Water Availability
- The Nile River Basin
- Streamflow Data Needs for Water Resources Management and Monitoring Challenges: A Case Study of Wami River Sub-basin in Tanzania
- Satellite Rainfall Products and their Reliability in the Blue Nile basin
- Africa-Wide Monitoring of Small Surface Water Bodies Using Multi-Source Satellite Data: A Monitoring System for FEWS NET
- Surface and Ground Water Resources of Ethiopia: Potentials and Challenges of Water Resources Development
- Land and Water in the Nile basin

Part II: Soil erosion and Water Quality
- Soil Erosion and Discharge in the Blue Nile Basin: Trends and Challenges
- Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Soil Erosion in the Semi-humid Ethiopian Highlands: A Case Study of Debre Mawi Watershed
- Modeling Sediments Dynamics: Effect of Land Use, Topography and Land Management in the Wami-Ruvu Basin Tanzania
- Assessment of Soil Erosion in the Blue Nile Basin
- Hydro-epidemiology of the Nile Basin: Understanding the Complex Linkages between Water and Infectious Diseases

Part III: Lakes and watersheds
- Monitoring State of Biomass Recovery in the Blue Nile Basin Using Image Based Disturbance Index
- Bathymetry, Lake Area and Volume Mapping: A Remote Sensing Perspective
- Land Use and Land Cover Changes in Northern Kordofan State of Sudan: A Remotely-Sensed Data Analysis
- Multi-Model Approach for Spatial Evapotranspiration Mapping: Comparison of Models Performance for Different Ecosystems
- Modeling Rainfall Erosivity from Daily Rainfall Events, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

Part IV: Climate Change and Water Resources
- Climate Change Impacts and Development Based Adaptation Pathway to the Nile River Basin
- Climate Change Projections in the Upper Gilgel Abay River Catchment, Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia
- Climate Change Impact on Water Resources and Adaptation Strategies in the Blue Nile River Basin
- Climate change and Rangeland Degradation in Eastern Sudan: Which Adaptation Strategy Work Well?
- Statistical Downscaling of Precipitation in the Upper Nile Use of Generalised Linear Models (GLMs) for the Kyoga Basin
- Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Subsistence Agriculture, Climate Risk Management and Mitigation of Community Vulnerability in Changing Climate, Lake Victoria Basin: Case Study of Rakai and Isingiro Districts, Uganda

Part V: Water Accessibility, institutional setup and policy
- Processes of Institutional Change and Factors Influencing Collective Action in Local Water Resources Governance in the Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia
- Water Governance in the Nile Basin for Hydropower Development
- Managing Rainwater for Resilient Dryland Systems in SSA: Review of evidences

Part VI: Transboundary Rivers, Water Sharing and Hydropolitics
- Impact and Benefit Study of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) during Impounding and Operation Phases on Downstream Structure in the Eastern Nile
- Transboundary Rivers and the Nile
- International Water Law Principles and Frameworks: Perspectives from the Nile River Basin
- Supporting the Development of Efficient and Effective River Basin Organizations in Africa: What Steps Can Be Taken to Improve Transboundary Water Cooperation Between the Riparian States of the Nile?

Part VII: Watershed Services and water management
- Payment for Watershed Services in the Mara River Basin: Part I - Institutions and Stakeholder Engagement
- Payment for Watershed Services in the Mara River Basin: Part II - An Analysis of Stakeholders' Perceptions and Willingness to Implement
- Climate Teleconnections and Water Management


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Biography

Dr. Assefa M. Melesse is a water resources engineer with a background in remote sensing and geospatial applications to hydrologic modeling. He earned his M.E (2000) and Ph.D. (2002) from the University of Florida. His areas of research and experience include spatially distributed hydrologic modeling, ecohydrology, river basin management, spatial surface water balance modeling, surface and groundwater interaction modeling, spatial evapotranspiration mapping using remote sensing, water-energy-carbon fluxes coupling and modeling, remote sensing hydrology, and land-cover change detection and scaling. Dr. Melesse has ample experience in river basin modeling employing GIS and data from remote sensing and has conducted studies in the Nile basin with over 40 publications on the Nile (books, peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters and proceedings). As a Fulbright Scholar, Dr. Melesse spent a year in the Blue Nile basin conducting research, organizing workshops, advising graduate students and researchers, providing professional trainings and lecturing at various universities. Dr. Melesse is a registered Professional Engineer (PE) and also Diplomate of Water Resources Engineer (D.WRE) with over 26 years of teaching, research and extension experience both in Ethiopia and the USA. Dr. Melesse is an Associate Professor of water resources engineering at the Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University.

Dr. Wossenu Abtew is a registered professional civil engineer who has been working in the field of water resources for over 25 years. He is trained in agricultural engineering and is also a hydrologist. He earned his Ph.D. in interdisciplinary engineering focusing on civil engineering and agricultural engineering from Texas Tech University in 1989. He earned his Master of Science degree in agricultural engineering from Texas Tech University in 1986. Dr. Abtew has published a book on evaporation and evapotranspiration. He has participated in a workshop on the Nile river basin and edited the proceedings of the workshop. Dr. Abtew has 50 publications as books, book chapters, journal and proceedings articles in addition to over 60 conference papers and technical reports. He has published papers on the Nile river basin. Dr. Abtew is a Principal Engineer at the South Florida Water Management District. He has over 23 years of experience in water resources at the South Florida Water management District. He is a water resource engineer (D.WRE) certified by the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers.

Dr. Shimelis Gebriye Setegn earned his Ph.D. in land and water resources engineering and M.Sc. in soil and water conservation engineering. Currently, he is a Program Executive Officer at the Global Water for Sustainability Program (GLOWS) and Research Assistant Professor at the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Florida International University (FIU). Dr. Setegn has an interdisciplinary background and experience in environmental, hydrological and hydrodynamic modeling; watershed dynamics, predicting the impact of climate and land-use changes on water resources, agriculture and populations; GIS and remote sensing applications in the environment and water resources. Dr. Setegn has more than 19 years of teaching, research and development experience in various countries. His work on different international projects have led to several peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. He has also given scientific presentations at international conferences and symposiums. Dr. Setegn has conducted many short and long courses in hydrological modeling, climate change, integrated water resources management, GIS and remote sensing in many countries.

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