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Essays in Evolution and Genetics in Honor of Theodosius Dobzhansky: A Supplement to Evolutionary Biology

By: Max K Hecht (Editor), William Campbell Steere (Editor)

616 pages, b/w illustrations

Springer-Verlag

Paperback | Mar 2012 | #212055 | ISBN-13: 9781461595878
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £64.99 $83/€78 approx

About this book

Reprint of a book originally published in 1970.


Contents

1 Theodosius Dobzhansky Up to Now
Scientific Work
A Collecting Expedition
Acknowledgment
Career Summary
Theodosius Dobzhansky: Bibliography 1918–1969

2 Uniformitarianism. An Inquiry into Principle, Theory, and Method in Geohistory and Biohistory
Origins; Hutton
Lyell; Conybeare
Lyell; Darwin
Since Darwin
Immanence and Configuration
Classification of Current Issues
Naturalism
Actualism
Historicism
Evolutionism
Gradualism
Historical Inferences
Summary and Conclusion
References

3 Evolution of Matter and Consciousness and Its Relation to Panpsychistic Identism
Natural Laws and Their Epigenetic Manifestation
Causal Analysis of Life Processes
Factors and Laws of Organismic Evolution
Psychogenesis and the Epistemological Analysis of Matter
Physical Analysis of Matter
The Psychophysical Substrate and the Problem of the Psychophysical Connection
The Panpsychistic, Polynomistic, and Realistic Identism
References

4 Competition, Coexistence, and Evolution
The Ecological Niche
The Concept of Competition
The Principle of Competitive Exclusion
The Logistic Theory of Population Growth
Volterra’s Equations for Competitive Exclusion
Coexistence of Related Species in Nature
Coexistence in the Laboratory
The Role of Natural Selection
Summary
References

5 Adapted Molecules
Adaptation at the Molecular Level
Molecular Adaptation and Phylogeny
Molecular Adaptation at the Population Level
Conclusions
References

6 Variation and Evolution in Plants: Progress During the Past Twenty Years
Variation Patterns
Examples of Variation Patterns
The Basis of Individual Variation
Natural Selection and Variation in Populations
Genetic Systems as Factors in Evolution
Isolation and the Origin of Species
Hybridization and its Effects
Polyploidy and Apomixis
Structural Hybridity and Chromosomal Evolution
Evolution Above the Species Level
References

7 Population Research in the Scandinavian Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.): Recent Experimentation
Material and Methods
Climatic Conditions of the Experimental Plantations and the Natural Populations Involved
Cumulative Mortality and Survival
Cumulative Mortality and Survival in Selected Experimental Plantations
Single-Year Mortality
Height Growth
Conclusions and Summary
References

8 Heterozygosity and Genetic Polymorphism in Parthenogenetic Animals
Nature of Parthenogenesis
Parthenogenesis in Vertebrates
Parthenogenesis in Insects
Conclusions
References

9 Evolutionary Studies on Maniola jurtina (Lepidoptera, Satyridae): The “Boundary Phenomenon” in Southern England 1961 to 1968
Dedication
Studies of the Southern English and East Cornish Types up to 1960
1961 to 1968
Discussion
Summary
Acknowledgments
References

10 The Genetic Basis of a Cell-Pattern Homology in Drosophila Species
Kynurenine Distribution in the Larval Fat Body
Hybrid Autofluorescent Patterns
Acknowledgments
References

11 Ecological Factors and the Variability of Gene-Pools in Drosophila
Relations Between Ecological Heterogeneity, Genetic Variability, and Fitness in Drosophila Populations
Conclusions
Summary
Acknowledgments
References

12 Mating Propensity and Its Genetic Basis in Drosophila
Mating Propensity as a Genetic Character in Drosophila
Chromosomal Polymorphism and Mating Propensity
Factors Modifying Mating Propensity
Summary
Acknowledgments
References

13 Observations on the Microdispersion of Drosophila melanogaster
The Bryant Park Experiments
Experimental Populations
The “Tropical Rainforest” Greenhouse Experiments
Venetian Experiments
Discussion
References

14 Studies on the Evolutionary Biology of Chilean Species of Drosophila
Widespread Species of Drosophila
Endemic and Ecologically Restricted Species
Endemic and Ecologically Versatile Species
Isolation and Chromosomal Structure
Acknowledgments
References

15 The Evolutionary Biology of the Hawaiian Drosophilidae
Habitat
Drosophilid Fauna
Biology and Behavior
Chromosomal and Genetic Characteristics
Evolution, Speciation, and Migration
Summary
Acknowledgments
References

16 Human Genetic Adaptation
Heritability
Estimation of Heritability
Random Mating
The Markov Property
Shall We Count the Living or the Dead?
Simplest Selection Model
Correlated Responses
Genetic Improvement of Mankind
Genetic Deterioration
Decline of Intelligence
Control of Human Evolution: Reproductive Specialization
Genotype-Environment Interaction
Summary and Conclusions

References
Author Index


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