Results are presented on the evolution of former glacier-dammed lakes and on former glacier oscillations in the Hullet lake area, South Greenland. In this area, the presence of 15 well-developed lake shorelines between 684 and 570 m a.s.l. indicate a complex sequence of Neoglacial lake level changes, several of which may have been associated with catastrophic lake drainage and the rapid emptying of lake waters through a c. 23 km subglacial tunnel beneath Sydgletscher and the Kiagtut sermiat glacier. The oldest lake had a volume of c. 950 × 106 m3 and its sudden drainage resulted in local neotectonic crustal deformation. Lichen measurements of Rhizocarpon geographicum on glacial moraine debris suggest that a major Neoglacial expansion of glacier ice had taken place by c. 2350 years B. P. and was followed by widespread ice retreat and stagnation.
There is no evidence to indicate an expansion of glacier ice in the Hullet area during the Little Ice Age. The progressive retreat of Sydgletscher was accompanied by the formation of a series of ice-dammed lakes each of which was drained subglacially. The drainage of the lakes is suggested as having been both a slow and a rapid (jökulhlaup) process. Evidence of slow lake drainage is illustrated by the last lake drainage event that took place during October 1981. During this period c. 60% of the volume of lake water drained slowly over a 14 day period with an average discharge of c. 200 m3s-1.
Techniques and field methods
Drainage of Hullet - October 1981
Changes in the lake level of Hullet: August 4th-22nd, 1982
Former glacier oscillations in the Hullet area
Former ice-dammed lakes
Lake drainage processes
The lower shorelines and the recession of Sydgletcher
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