Part 1 The geographic: the geographic viewpoint; the Earth in space. Part 2 The atmospheres: the ocean of air; solar energy and the Earth's response; the windy planet; clouds, atmospheric moisture and precipitation; the stormy planet; climate - controls, classification and design; climatic patterns. Part 3 The biosphere: soil-forming processes; soil patterns of the world; environmental factors of plant communities; the Earth's plant communities. Part 4 The lithosphere: rocks and minerals of the Earth's crust; plate tectonics, seismic waves and the Earth's interior; faulting, folding and volcanism; levelling of the land by weathering and mass wasting. Part 5 The hydrosphere: the work of water in the hydrologic cycle; groundwater and the hydrologic cycle; the work of ice in the hydrologic cycle; the work of waves; the work of wind and water in arid and wind-formed landforms; the miracle of design. Appendices: climate classification; soil classification systems; soil nutrients.