222 pages, 240 colour & b/w photos and illustrations
Palaeoentomology represents the interface between two huge scientific disciplines: palaeontology – the study of fossils, and entomology – the study of insects. However, fossils rarely feature extensively in books on insects, and likewise, insects rarely feature in books about fossils. Similarly, college or university palaeontology courses rarely have an entomological component and entomology courses do not usually consider the fossil record of insects in any detail. This is not due to a lack of insect fossils; the fossil record of insects is incredibly diverse in terms of taxonomic scope, age range (Devonian to recent), mode of preservation (amber and rock) and geographical distribution (fossil insects have been recorded from all continents, including Antarctica). In Fossil Insects the authors aim to help bridge the palaeontology–entomology gap by providing a broadly accessible introduction to some of the best preserved fossil insects from a wide range of deposits from around the globe, many of which are beautifully illustrated by colour photographs. Also covered are insect behaviour and ecology in the fossil record, sub-fossil insects, trace fossils and insect species longevity.
Just as insects are useful as ecological indicators today, the same can be expected to be true of the past. Such applications of the insect fossil record are briefly discussed. It is hoped that Fossil Insects will encourage a few future researchers to enter the fascinating realm of palaeoentomology and to this end there is a section on how to become a palaeoentomologist. However, it is aimed at a much broader audience – those with an interest in fossils and/or insects in general, who will no doubt marvel at the diversity and excellent preservation of the fossils illustrated.
Acknowledgements and image credits
List of figures by order
List of figures by deposit
A note on the geological timescale and the dating of insect fossils
Summary of the Devonian Period
Summary of the Carboniferous Period
Summary of the Permian Period
Summary of the Triassic Period
Summary of the Jurassic Period
Summary of the Cretaceous Period
Summary of the ‘Tertiary’ Period
Insects and their fossilization
What are fossils and how are they preserved?
Why study fossil insects?
How to study fossil insects
Insects in amber
Insects in rock
The palaeospecies concept
Identification of fossil insect species
How to formally describe new fossil insects
Significant fossil insect localities
Diversity of fossil insects
(47 different fossil and extant orders covered)
Insect behaviour and ecology in the fossil record
Fossil insect assemblages: palaeobiocoenosis or taphocoenosis
Intraspecific interactions: mating
Intraspecific interactions: trophallaxis
Interspecific interactions: parasitism
Interspecific interactions: symbiosis
Interspecific interactions: phoresy
Interspecific interactions: predators and prey
Individual behaviours: general
Individual behaviours: communication (including crypsis)
Non-copal and archaeo-paleoentomology
As components of animal coprolites
Insect trace fossils
What are trace fossils?
Insect trace fossils
Fossil insect nests
How long does an insect species exist?
How to become a palaeoentomologist
Literature cited in the text
Index to genera cited in the text
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David Penney is an honorary lecturer in the Faculty of life Sciences at the University of Manchester, UK, a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and has a PhD and two decades of research experience on fossils preserved in amber. James E. Jepson is a Humboldt Research Fellow at the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Germany and has a PhD and one decade of research experience studying fossil insects in rock. Both are Fellows of the Royal Entomological Society.