Books  Animal & General Biology  Animals: Vertebrate Zoology 

Parasite Diversity and Diversification: Evolutionary Ecology Meets Phylogenetics

Highlights the recent advances in the quantification of parasite diversity – offers plenty of tools and examples from both terrestrial and marine environments
Presents the state-of-the-art research in the phylogenetic diversification of several important groups of parasites – new methods are examined in relation to examples of parasite diversification in an ecological and evolutionary context
Summarises statistical comparative methods using freeware – suggests sources, references and ideas for new research projects

By: Serge Morand (Editor), Boris R Krasnov (Editor), D Timothy J Littlewood (Editor), Roderic Page (Foreword By)

492 pages, 4 plates with colour photos and colour illustrations; 65 b/w photos and illustrations, 15 tables

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Feb 2015 | #215126 | ISBN-13: 9781107037656
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £81.99 $100/€92 approx

About this book

The development of molecular tools has dramatically increased our knowledge of parasite diversity and the vectors that transmit them. From viruses and protists to arthropods and helminths, each branch of the Tree of Life offers an insight into significant, yet cryptic, biodiversity. Alongside this, the studies of host-parasite interactions and parasitism have influenced many scientific disciplines, such as biogeography and evolutionary ecology, by using comparative methods based on phylogenetic information to unravel shared evolutionary histories. Parasite Diversity and Diversification brings together two active fields of research, phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, to reveal and explain the patterns of parasite diversity and the diversification of their hosts. Parasite Diversity and Diversification will encourage students and researchers in the fields of ecology and evolution of parasitism, as well as animal and human health, to integrate phylogenetics into the investigation of parasitism in evolutionary ecology, health ecology, medicine and conservation.


List of contributors
Introduction Serge Morand, Boris Krasnov and Tim Littlewood

Part I. Evolutionary Ecology of Parasite Diversity:
1. Quantifying parasite diversity Robert Poulin
2. Relationships between parasite diversity and host diversity Boris Krasnov and Robert Poulin
3. Patterns of diversity and distribution of aquatic invertebrates and their parasites Tommy L. F. Leung, Camilo Mora and Klaus Rohde
4. Under the changing climate: how shifting geographic distributions and sexual selection shape parasite diversification Lajos Rózsa, Piotr Tryjanowski and Zoltán Vas
5. Impacts of parasite diversity on wild vertebrates: limited knowledge but important perspectives Frederic Bordes and Serge Morand

Part II. The Evolutionary History of Parasite Diversity:
6. Revealing parasite diversity using brute force molecular techniques and gently persuasive microscopy Aurélie Chambouvet, Thomas A. Richards, David Bass and Sigrid Neuhauser
7. Evolution of simian retroviruses Ahidjo Ayouba and Martine Peeters
8. The diversity and phylogeny of Rickettsia Lucy A. Weinert
9. Advances in the classification of Acanthocephalans: evolutionary history and evolution of the parasitism Martín García-Varela and Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
10. The study of primate evolution from a lousy perspective David L. Reed, Julie M. Allen, Melissa A. Toups, Bret Boyd and Marina Ascunce
11. Host correlates of diversification in avian lice Lajos Rózsa and Zoltán Vas
12. Evolutionary history of Siphonaptera: fossils, origins, vectors Katharina Dittmar, Qiyun Zhu, Michael W. Hastriter and Michael F. Whiting
13. Bat fly evolution from the Eocene to the present (Hippoboscoidea, Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) Katharina Dittmar, Solon F. Morse, Carl W. Dick and Bruce D. Patterson
14. The evolution of parasitism and host associations in mites Ashley Dowling
15. Nematode life-traits diversity in the light of their phylogenetic diversification Serge Morand, Steve Nadler and Arne Skorping
16. Phylogenetic patterns of diversity in the cestodes and trematodes Timothy J. Littlewood, Rodney A. Bray and Andrea Waeschenbach
17. Patterns of diversification in the parasites of Caribbean Anolis lizards Bryan G. Falk and Susan L. Perkins

Part III. Combining Ecology and Phylogenetics:
18. Comparative analysis – recent developments and uses with parasites Yves Desdevises, Serge Morand, Boris R. Krasnov and Julien Claude
19. Phylogenetic signals in ecological properties of parasites Boris R. Krasnov, Serge Morand and Robert Poulin
20. Parasite species coexistence and the evolution of the parasite niche Andrea Šimková and Serge Morand
21. A community perspective on the evolution of virulence Hadas Hawlena and Frida Ben-Ami
22. Host-specificity and species jumps in fish-parasite systems Maarten P. M. Vanhove and Tine Huyse
23. When is cophylogeny evidence of coevolution? Timothée Poisot
24. Bringing together phylogenies and behaviour in host-parasite interactions Tania Jenkins and Philippe Christe
25. The evolutionary epidemiology of the Hepatitis C virus Peter V. Markov, Rebecca R. Gray, James Iles and Oliver G. Pybus

Conclusion and perspectives Armand Kuris

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Serge Morand is CNRS researcher at the Institute of Evolutionary Sciences at the University of Montpellier II, France. His research focuses on the evolutionary ecology of host-parasite interactions and population ecology of parasites and pathogens. He is conducting several projects on the impacts of global changes on the links between biodiversity and health in Southeast Asia, using rodent-borne diseases as a model. He is the co-author of several articles and books on these fields.

Boris R. Krasnov is Professor and Head of the Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology in the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. He is interested in the various aspects of ecology and evolution of host-parasite relationships. Parasitic fleas on small mammals represent his main study model of parasite-host associations, although he studies some other parasite taxa as well. He is an author of three monographs, editor and co-editor of three collections and author of more than 200 scientific publications.

D. Timothy J. Littlewood is a Merit Researcher and currently Head of the Life Sciences Department at the Natural History Museum, London. His main research interests include: the systematics of platyhelminths (flatworms) and other phyla, particularly with a view to revealing evolutionary patterns associated with parasitism; the development and application of molecular tools for species diagnosis, life cycle completion and biodiversity assessment; and mitogenomics and phylogenomics pursued by means of next-generation sequencing.

- - Serge Morand
- Boris Krasnov
- Tim Littlewood
- Robert Poulin
- Tommy L. F. Leung
- Camilo Mora
- Klaus Rohde
- Lajos Rózsa
- Piotr Tryjanowski
- Zoltán Vas
- Frederic Bordes
- Aurélie Chambouvet
- Thomas A. Richards
- David Bass
- Sigrid Neuhauser
- Ahidjo Ayouba
- Martine Peeters
- Lucy A. Weinert
- Martín García-Varela
- Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
- David L. Reed
- Julie M. Allen
- Melissa A. Toups
- Bret Boyd
- Marina Ascunce
- Katharina Dittmar
- Qiyun Zhu
- Michael W. Hastriter
- Michael F. Whiting
- Solon F. Morse
- Carl W. Dick
- Bruce D. Patterson
- Ashley Dowling
- Steve Nadler
- Arne Skorping
- Rodney A. Bray
- Andrea Waeschenbach
- Bryan G. Falk
- Susan L. Perkins
- Yves Desdevises
- Julien Claude
- Andrea Šimková
- Hadas Hawlena
- Frida Ben-Ami
- Maarten P. M. Vanhove
- Tine Huyse
- Timothée Poisot
- Tania Jenkins
- Philippe Christe
- Peter V. Markov
- Rebecca R. Gray
- James Iles
- Oliver G. Pybus
- Armand Kuris

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