332 pages, illustrations
From the preface:
"The North-East Region of India, comprising the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura is blessed with rich biodiversity and fishery resources. More than 90 percent of population of 40 million of the region are fish eaters and so are the visiting tourists. A wide gap, however, exists between demand and supply. ln fact, consumer’ demands are being increasingly met from outside the region. Northeast India is exceptionally rich in freshwater fishes, the region accounts for 236 species. From the State of Manipur alone, 167 species of freshwater species belonging to 11 orders, 31 families and 84 genera are recorded. The fish fauna of Loktak Lake in Manipur comprises 64 species. The two Wetlands in the Ramsar List i.e. Deepor Beel of Assam and Loktak Lake of Manipur have drawn international attention. The major challenge before the fisheries sector is how to ensure sustainable livelihood for the resource users of the sector despite confronting social, economic, ecological or climatic bottlenecks. Further the fishing communities are the most disadvantaged, unorganized, and are considered the poorest communities as they live in isolated areas and on margins of reservoirs, lakes and other water bodies which are inaccessible and difficult to reach. Moreover, most of the fishing communities are dependent on common property resources located in the NE Region. For any development plan, statistics of resources, production and consumption are needed. ln this context it may be pointed out that the fisheries of India can be broadly classified into two types, namely marine fisheries and inland fisheries. The Fisheries Statistics Section of the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying in the Ministry of Agriculture is in charge of compiling the data relating to this sector. At present, data on items like fish production, prawn production, fish seed production, disposal of fish catch, preserved and processed items and aquaculture are being collected from State Governments. A multistage sample survey is used to estimate the fish production from the marine sector. So far as inland fisheries are concerned, there were several attempts to develop suitable sampling techniques for estimation of catch since 1955, but they have remained inconclusive. The Central Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrakpore lately devised a methodology for collection of data relating to some important still water areas. There is still a large data gap in coverage not only geographically but also in terms of several sources of inland fisheries such as rivers, ponds, thanks, beels, canals, etc. The data on fisherman population, fishing craft and gear are available from both the State Governments and the Livestock Census, while data on workers engaged in fishing are also available from the population census. However, it is reported that the data from these sources are not comparable due to differences in concepts and definitions and their application across States. There is an apparent inconsistency between the value of the output and the export earnings, the latter being much higher.
While teaching at UG and PG level the authors found that there is a dirth of information resources in compiled form. Therefore, in this book it is attempted to collect from different sources as far as practical, fisheries statistics from the north east states followed by value addition through in-depth statistical analysis, graphical and pictorial presentation for comprehension of the present status. Some discrepancies in data are likely to occur because reports taken from different sources differ."
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