910 pages, 48 illustrations
The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and Handbook of Evolution Theory in the Sciences presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life.
The second part of Handbook of Evolution Theory in the Sciences scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools.
The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. Handbook of Evolution Theory in the Sciences examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits.
Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find Handbook of Evolution Theory in the Sciences an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable.
Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of Handbook of Evolution Theory in the Sciences have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience.
"This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades [...] This English translation does indeed serve as a Handbook of Darwinian Thinking that will advance understanding of Darwinian theory in every language."
- Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University
"Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves."
- Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge
- Foreword; Jean Gayon
- Introduction; Thomas Heams, Philippe Huneman, Guillaume Lecointre, Marc Silberstein
Part 1. Concepts: Processes
- Variation; Thomas Heams
- Heredity; Thomas Heams
- Selection; Philippe Huneman
- Adaptation; Philippe Grandcolas
- Function; Armand de Ricqles
Part 2. Concepts: Patterns
- Character; Veronique Barriel
- Species; Sarah Samadi and Anouk Barberousse
- Descent (filiation); Guillauem Lecointre
- Life; Stephane Tirard
Part 3. Darwinism "At Work" : Philosophy of Science
- Formalising Evolutionary Theory; Anouk Barberousse
- Continuities and Discontinuities of Variation Mechanisms in On the Origin of Species; Pascal Charbonnat
- Evolutionary Developmental Biology: Philosophical Issues; Alan C. Love
- Phenotypic plasticity: From microevolution to macroevolution; Antonine Nicoglou
- Darwin and molecular biology; Michel Morange
- Systems biology and evolutionary biology; Pierre-Alain Braillard
- The (in)determinism of biological evolution; where does the stochastic character of evolutionary theory come from? Christophe Malaterre and Francesca Merlin
- Darwin and phylogenetics: past and present; Pascal Tassy
- Telling the story of life; on the use of narrative; Guillaume Lecointre
Part 4. Darwinism "At Work" : From molecules to eco-systems
- What exactly is Synthetic Biology? Thomas Heams
- Evolutionary developmental biology and its contribution to a new synthetic theory; Guillaume Balavoine
- Behavior and Evolution: crossed glances; Henri Cap
- Sex and evolution: Pierre Henry Gouyon, Damien de Vienne, and Tatiana Girard
- Biological costs of a small stature for Homo sapiens females: new perspectives on stature sexual dimorphism; Priscille Touraille
- Ecology and evolution: Toward a multi-hierarchical connection; Julien DeLord
- The ecological niche: history and recent controversies; Arnaud Pocheville
- Darwin, Evolution, and Medicine: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives; Pierre-Oliver Methot
Part 5. Evolution in Other Sciences
- Evolutionary algorithms; Marc Schoenauer
- Artificial evolution of autonomous robots and virtual creatures; Nicolas Bredeche
- Evolutionary Psychology, Adaptation and Design: Stephen M. Downes
- Externalist Evolutionary Cognitive Science; Pierre Poirier and Luc Faucher
- Human Language: An Evolutionary Anomaly; Jean-Louis Dessalles
- Evolution, Society, and Ethics: Social Darwinism versus Evolutionary Ethics; Christine Clavien
- Darwinian Morality: Moral Darwinism; Jerome Ravat
- Origins and evolution of religion from a Darwinian point of view: synthesis of different theories; Pierrick Bourrat
- Current Darwinism in Social Science; Christophe Heintz and Nicolas Claidiere
- Evolutionary economics: a specific form of evolution? Eva Debray
- Phylo-Linguistics: Enacting Darwin's Linguistic Image; Mahe Ben Hamed
- Biological functions and semantic content: the teleosemantics; Fran oise Longy
Part 6. About Anti-Darwinism
- Evolutionism(s) and creationism(s); Olivier Brousseau and Marc Silberstein
- The theory of evolution in secondary schools: some teaching issues; Corine Fortin
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Thomas Heams, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Animal Genomics at AgroParisTech, Paris (Paris Institute of Technology for Life, Food and Environmental Sciences). His teaching and research interests are at the crossroads of Animal Sciences, Molecular Biology and the History of Scientific Ideas. He has coordinated several translations of books from English (American) and German to French. He is a member of the Editions Materiologiques editorial board.
Philippe Huneman, PhD, is Research Director at the Institut d'Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques (CNRS / Universite Paris I Sorbonne). He is a philosopher of biology, working mainly on issues about evolutionary biology. His main published papers are about: the variety of evolutionary explanations, causation and explanation in biology, the issue of individuality in biology and ecology, and the formal definitions of emergence, as well as the concept of organism and its role in current biology. This last topic relates to former work he has been extensively doing about Kantian views of biology with regard to prebiological conceptions of organisms. (Metaphysique et Biologie: Kant et la Constitution du Concept d'Organisme, Paris: Kime, 2008). He also edited Functions: Selection and Mechanisms (Synthese Library, Dordrecht: Springer. 2012), with Frederic Bouchard, From Groups to Individuals (Cambridge : MIT Press, 2013) and with Denis Walsh, Challenges in Evolutionary Biology, to come out at Oxford University Press in 2014.
Guillaume Lecointre, PhD, is a research scientist, systematist, professor at Paris Museum (Museum national d'Histoire naturelle) where he leads the research department of Systematics and Evolution. He's also involved in the improvement of the training of french teachers in systematics and evolutionary sciences. He published more than one hundred peer-reviewed papers and ten books (among them The Tree of Life, with Herve Le Guyader, Harvard Univ. Press). With a background in biology (ethology).
Marc Silberstein is a scientific publisher. Founder of Editions Materiologiques (Paris) in 2010. Editor with Jean-Jacques Kupiec et al., of Le Hasard au Coeur de la Cellule (EM, 2011); with Thomas Heams, Philippe Huneman, Guillaume Lecointre, of Les Mondes Darwiniens: L'Evolution de l'Evolution (first ed. : 2009, new ed. : 2011 ); with Gerard Lambert & Philippe Huneman of Disease, Classification and Evidence: New Essays in the Philosophy of Medicine (Springer, 2014); Marc Silberstein (ed.), Materiaux Philosophiques et Scientifiques pour un Materialisme Contemporain (2013).