432 pages, 100+ illustrations, maps
The scope and volume of evidence and range of methods used to analyze the fossil record have increased exponentially in the last fifty years. Comprised of approximately 1,500 entries produced without jargon for those new to the subject, Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution includes timelines, maps, and over 100 illustrations, making it an indispensable tool for those studying human evolution. Paleoanthropologists, be they students or practitioners, need to be familiar with the record, but until now there has been no resource that covers topics as disparate as ameloblast daily secretion rates and exact randomization.
SCOPE . The DHE will provide entries for important scientific terms related to improving our understanding the great ape clade of the Tree of Life (i.e., the great ape clade). In order to do this, entries will cover the evidence and methods used to investigate the relationships among the living great apes, and all the evidence and methods germane to understanding the evolutionary history of the great ape clade. evidence about what makes the behavior of modern humans distinctive, and evidence about the evolutionary history of that distinctiveness. general evolutionary principles and up-to-date information about the molecular and developmental biological approaches used to help understand the pattern and process of evolution. information about the modern methods used to trace the recent evolutionary history of modern human populations. fossil and archeological evidence germane to the evolution of the Pan/Homo clade, and the climatic and ecological context of evolution within that clade. important sites and taxa, and some of the more important individual specimens. . FORMAT Entries of three lengths: Entries will be single author or, where appropriate, will be prepared by more than one author to ensure that the interdisciplinary nature of some topics is emphasized. Entries will be identified by the initials of the authors. Human evolution is a controversial field. Where appropriate entries will set out competing hypotheses, and if the editors think the evidence is in favor of one of them the entry will explain why. All entries will be screened by the Editor for depth and style. Entries can be illustrated with figures and photos. Entries may refer to a few references in the OUP style; these references would be listed together at the back. For example, in relation to a method, we would reference the initial paper introducing the method and then a paper that uses that method appropriately. Where possible entries will include examples. Maps can be referred to in the text, but will be gathered at the back. Student-friendly timelines could be developed to summarize important developments in archeology, dating, fossil hominin discovery, molecular biology etc. There would be data sheets providing basic comparative information about modern humans and the great apes. . ORGANIZATION . Editor . BW would act as the co-coordinator. I would hope that the project would be a collaborative one, in the spirit of "Human Biology: An Evolutionary and Biocultural Perspective". This was edited by Stinson, Bogin, Huss-Ashmore and O'Rourke, but they did it on behalf of the Human Biology community and was, to quote from the Preface, "a collaborative effort by members of the Human Biology Association to provide an introduction to the field of human biology.". Contributing Editors (All those listed below have agreed to participate). The Contributing Editors (CEs) will be a mix of senior experienced researchers who have an unrivalled knowledge of a topic, or topics, and younger research-active scholars who are known to be good researchers, good teachers, and who think and write clearly. The CEs will help generate the final lists of entries, comment on the lists in other areas where appropriate, generate entries as agreed with the Editor, help check these and other entries, and contribute where appropriate to the factual material (e.g., maps and timelines) at the end of the DHE. They would be selected because of their expertise in one, or more topics, and because they are known to be able to comment wisely on entries outside their specific research focus. Topic coverage to include: evolution of anatomically-modern humans (AMH), archeology (AR); behavioral ecology (BEC); central nervous system structure and function (CNS); dental morphology (DM); developmental biology (include. "evo-devo") (DB); earth sciences (ES); evolutionary theory and practice (ETP); functional morphology (FM); genetics (G); general biology (GB); imaging (I); history and biography (HB); life history (LH); molecular biology (MB); non-hominin paleontology (NHP); paleoanthropology (i.e., the hominin fossil record) (PAN); paleoclimatology (PCL); paleodemography (PAD); paleodiet (PADT); paleoecology (PEC); paleoenvironmental reconstruction (PER); primatology (PR); quantitative methods (QM); systematics (SYS); taphonomy (TA). Contributing Editors will also be chosen because they have a regional (morphological or geographical) expertise (e.g., Asia (AS), Australasia (AU), dental morphology (DM), East Africa (EA), Europe (EU), postcranial skeleton (PC), etc.).. Examples (with their coverage) of Associate Editors: Shara Bailey (EU, DM), Laura Bishop (NHP, EA), Chi-hua Chiu (DB), Mark Collard (ETP, QM), Sarah Elton (PEC), Craig Feibel (ES, EA), Matthew Goodrum (HB), Adam Gordon (GB, LH), Lyle Konigsberg (LH, PAD), Andrew Kramer (AS, PAN), Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi (DM, SA), Ozzie Pearson (AMH, PC), Tom Plummer (AR, EA), Brian Richmond (FM, PAN), Chet Sherwood (CNS), Anne Stone (MB), David Strait (ETP, PAN). Advisory Editors . These will be people who are experienced researchers in the field of human evolution. Their role will be to advise the editor about the scope and content of the DHE, in particular to suggest topics for inclusion as entries, contribute entries as agreed with the editor, help arbitrate contentious entries, check accuracy, inject their wisdom into the enterprise, and contribute as much, or as little as their time allows. The AE have will be chosen to that they will cover the topics indicated in the previous section. The following list is indicative only; the names in bold have been approached and have accepted (e.g., Leslie Aiello, Kay Behrensmeyer, Gunther Brauer, Alison Brooks, Frank Brown, Chris Dean, Jose Bermudez de Castro, Fred Grine, Colin Groves, Henry Harpending, Kristen Hawkes, Clark Howell, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Bill Jungers, Julia Lee-Thorpe, Steve Leigh, Svante Paabo, David Pilbeam, Rick Potts, Maryellen Ruvolo, Richard Smith, Fred Spoor, Francis Thackeray, Sarah Tishkoff, Peter Ungar, Elisabeth Vrba, Mark Weiss, etc.),. IMPLEMENTATION Editor to approach possible Contributing and Advisory Editors. Editor to prepare a classification scheme (see 'Contents') for the entries and to make a 'first pass' at a list of entries with the estimated length of each. Editor to prepare 'sample' entries from topics across the scope of the DHE, say five of each length. Editor to work with appropriate subgroups of Contributing Editors to fine-tune the lists of subject entries, and the list of site entries by region.
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Bernard Wood is the Henry R. Luce Professor of Human Origins in the Department of Anthropology at George Washington University, and Adjunct Senior Scientist at the National Museum of Natural History, the Smithsonian Institution. He is a medically-qualified paleoanthropologist who moved into full-time academic life in 1972. He holds the degrees of B.Sc., M.D., Ph.D., and D.Sc. from The University of London. In 1982 he was appointed to the S.A. Courtauld Chair of Anatomy in The University of London, and in 1985 he moved to the Derby Chair of Anatomy and to the Chairmanship of the Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology at the University of Liverpool. He was appointed the Dean of The University of Liverpool Medical School in 1995 and served as Dean until his move to Washington in the fall of 1997.When he was still a medical student he joined Richard Leakey's first expedition to what was then Lake Rudolf in 1968 and he has remained associated with that research group, and pursued research in paleoanthropology, ever since. His research centers on increasing our understanding of human evolutionary history by developing and improving the ways we analyze the hominid fossil record. He is the author of numerous publications and Director of the Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology at GWU.