Archaeological Human Remains addresses the directions that studies of archaeological human remains have taken in a number of different countries, where attitudes range from widespread support to prohibition. Overlooked in many previous publications, this diversity in attitudes is examined through a variety of lenses, including academic origins, national identities, supporting institutions, archaeological context and globalization. Archaeological Human Remains situates this diversity of attitudes by examining past and current tendencies in studies of archaeologically-retrieved human remains across a range of geopolitical settings.
In a context where methodological approaches have been increasingly standardized in recent decades, Archaeological Human Remains poses the question if this standardization has led to a convergence in approaches to archaeological human remains or if significant differences remain between practitioners in different countries. Archaeological Human Remains also explores the future trajectories of the study of skeletal remains in the different jurisdictions under scrutiny.
Chapter 1: To Be or Not To Be: Global Approaches to Ancient Human Remains, Barra O'Donnabhain and Maria C. Lozada
Chapter 2: Bioarchaeological Research in Argentina: Past, Present and...Future? Maria A. Bordach, Osvaldo J. Mendonca, Mario A. Arrieta and Lila Bernardi
Chapter 3: Becoming Bioarchaeology? Traditions of Physical Anthropology and Archaeology in Armenia, Maureen E. Marshall
Chapter 4: Local Trajectories? A View from Down-Under, Judith Littleton
Chapter 5: Bioarchaeology in Brazil, Sheila M.F. Mendonca de Souza
Chapter 6: The Biology of Early British Populations, Don Brothwell
Chapter 7: Bioarchaeology in Canada: Origins and Contemporary Issues, Jerome S. Cybulski and M. Anne Katzenberg
Chapter 8: The Status of Approaches to Archaeological Human Remains in Greece, ALPHAnna Lagia, Anastasia Papathanasiou and Sevi Triantaphyllou
Chapter 9: Themes in Icelandic Bioarchaeological Research, Hildur Gestsdottir
Chapter 10: Human Skeletal Studies in India: A Review, Veena Mushrif-Tripathy
Chapter 11: The Development of the Contextual Analysis of Human Remains in Ireland, Barra O'Donnabhain and Eileen Murphy
Chapter 12: Past, Present and Future Perspectives in Maya Bioarchaeology: A View from Yucatan, Mexico, Vera Tiesler and Andrea Cucina
Chapter 13: The Emergence of Bioarchaeology in Peru: Origins and Modern Approaches, Maria Cecilia Lozada
Chapter 14: Controversies about the Study of Human Remains in Post-apartheid South Africa, Alan G. Morris
Chapter 15: The History of Physical Anthropology in Turkey, Handan Ustundag and G. Bike Yazicioglu
Chapter 16: Bioarchaeology as a Process: An Examination of Bioarchaeological Tribes in the USA, Gordon F.M. Rakita
Chapter 17: Archaeology, Bioethics and Policies Regarding the Treatment of Ancient Human Remains in Venezuela, Franz Scaramelli and Kay Scaramelli
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Barra O'Donnabhain, who holds a PhD degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago, is an Irish bioarchaeologist who has been conducting archaeological research in Ireland and other parts of the world for over 25 years. His publications cover a wide temporal span as well as a broad range of themes but are characterized by an integrative approach in their reconstructions of past lives. This is exemplified by recent papers dealing with the political use of the ritualized violence of public executions (2011) and the role of the quotidian use of material culture in the construction of identity in Viking Age Dublin (2013). He co-edited the volume "The Dead Tell Tales" that was published by the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press at UCLA (2013). O'Donnabhain has directed and collaborated in archaeological projects in a number of world areas. His recent focus has been on institutional confinement. From 2009 to 2011, he directed excavations at a putative leper hospital in south west Ireland and in 2012 he began excavations at the 19th century prison at Spike Island, also in Ireland. Also in 2012, he directed the mortuary component of excavations at an Inca outpost in southern Peru in collaboration with researchers from UCLA and USC. He is currently on the faculty of the Department of Archaeology at University College Cork and is on the Board of Directors of the Los Angeles-based Institute for Field Research.
Maria Cecilia Lozada is a Peruvian bioarchaeologist who has been conducting archaeological research in the South Central Andes for the last 20 years, and holds a PhD degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago. She uses a multidisciplinary approach to study the past, combining archaeology, human osteology and ethnohistory, which is exemplified in her book: "El Senorio de Chiribaya en la Costa Sur del Peru" (2002) and multiple publications that showcase her integrated social and biological reconstructions of past Andean societies. In 2013, she co-edited the volume "The Dead Tell Tales" that was published by the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press at UCLA. For the past 7 years, Lozada has been the main field archaeologist and human osteologist for several multidisciplinary and collaborative projects in northern Chile co-sponsored by the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA and La Universidad de Chile. In 2009, she initiated a new archaeological project in the Vitor valley in southern Peru. As the Principal Investigator of the Vitor Archaeological Project, Lozada leads a multinational team that includes Peruvian investigators as well as numerous American students and researchers from institutions such as UCLA, the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and The University of Chicago. She is currently a Research Associate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Chicago, and has been actively working to promote collaborations between local universities in Peru and the United States through her projects.