Books  Sustainable Development  Water Resources & Management  Freshwater Resources & Management 

Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments

Covers environmental science for engineering students
Focuses on regulated freshwater environments, as there are relatively few water bodies that are not controlled or modified to some degree
Introduces some of the basic considerations and principles involved in the restoration or management of aquatic systems

By: James L Martin (Author)

567 pages, 432 colour illustrations, 56 tables

CRC Press

Hardback | Jan 2014 | #219290 | ISBN-13: 9781482206074
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £81.99 $103/€96 approx

About this book

Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments. Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods.

The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters. Written from an engineering perspective, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering. It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.


Contents

Introduction
Hydro-Environmental Analysis, or What Is in a Name?
Hydrologic Cycle
Patterns in Water Management in the United States
References

Part I Rivers and Streams

Rivers and Streams, Characteristics
Let the Confusion Begin
Characteristics of Rivers and Streams
References

Regulated Rivers
Introduction
Flow Modification Structures
Channel Modifications
Watersheds
Abstractions and Augmentation
Introduction to U.S. Water Law
Management Alternatives
References

Flows and Transport in Rivers: Measurement and Analysis
Introduction
Watershed Impacts
Stages of Measuring Flow
Characterization and Analysis of Flow
Transport Patterns
Methods for Determining Instream Flow Requirements:
Environmental Flows

Selected Water Quality Processes in Rivers and Streams
Introduction
Light
Temperature
Sedimentation
Dissolved Oxygen
pH
Nutrients
Toxic Materials.
References

Biota of Rivers and Streams: An Introduction
Spatial Scale and Distribution
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Sources and Distribution of Organic Matter
References

Measures of the Health of Rivers and Streams
Introduction
Ambient Water Quality Criteria
Minimum Flows (Or How Much Water Does a River Need, and When?)
Habitat Requirements
Indicator Organisms
Rapid Bioassessments
Biological Diversity
Biological Integrity
Invasive Species
References

Introduction to Stream Restoration
Introduction
Anthropogenic Impacts
Restoration Goals and Guiding Principals
Restoration Intent and Techniques
References

Part II Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction to Lakes and Reservoirs: Geomorphology and Classification
What Is a Lake, or a Reservoir?
General Characteristics
Brief History of Limnology
Overview of Origin and Size
References

Those Dammed Lakes
Reservoirs (Dammed Rivers)
Project Purposes: Storage and Pool Level Control
Types of Dams
Conveyance Structures
Pretty Dammed Old (Dam Failures and Dam Safety)
Decommissioning/Removing Dams
References

Zones and Shapes in Lakes and Reservoirs
Introduction
Lake Zonation and Nomenclature
Lake Basin and Characteristics
References

Light and Heat in Lakes and Reservoirs
Distribution of Light and Heat Exchange
Light and Water Interactions
Surface Heat Balance
Water Density
Lake Stratification
Classification Based on Mixing
Ice Formation and Cover
References

Transport and Mixing Processes in Lakes and Reservoirs
Introduction
Water Movement: Waves, Currents, and Inflows
What about Dams?
References

Chemical and Water Quality Kinetic Characteristics and Processes
Dissolved Gases
Total Dissolved Gas
Oxic versus Anoxic Reservoir Processes
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
pH, Alkalinity, and CO
Sulfides and Sulfates
Iron and Manganese
Methane
References

Biota of Lakes and Reservoirs
Classification
Factors Affecting Distribution
Characteristics of Organisms by Zone
Invasive Species.
References

Lake Production, Succession, and Eutrophication
Primary and Secondary Productivity
Geologic Lake Succession
Eutrophication
Metrics for Eutrophication
References

Restoration and Management of Lakes and Reservoirs
Lake Management and Restoration
Clean Water Act
Control and Management of Sedimentation
Control of Algae
Aquatic Plant Management
Fish and Fisheries Management
References

Dam Tailwaters
Introduction and Issues
Dam Releases and Impacts
Regulatory Issues
Methods to Improve Tailwater Quality
References

Freshwater Wetlands: An Introduction
Introduction
Wetland Types
Wetland Identification and Classification
Wetland Trends: Historical
Wetlands and the CWA
Swampbuster Provisions
Wetland Restoration and Construction
References

Index


Write a review

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review this product!


Biography

James Lenial Martin is professor of civil engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Mississippi State University. His degrees include a bachelor of science in wildlife science from Texas A&M, a bachelor of science in civil engineering from Texas A&M, a master of science in biology from Southwest Texas State University, and a PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Texas A&M. He has more than 30 years of experience conducting and managing water quality modeling projects and developing and applying models of hydrodynamics and water quality. He has authored/coauthored over 100 technical reports and publications.

Bestsellers in this subject

River Futures

NHBS Price: £26.99 $34/€32 approx

Assessing the Conservation Value of Freshwaters

NHBS Price: £39.99 $50/€47 approx

Soil and Water Conservation Handbook

NHBS Price: £19.99 $25/€23 approx

Introduction to Potable Water Treatment Processes

NHBS Price: £39.95 $50/€47 approx