Climate change caused by human activity is the most fundamental challenge facing mankind in the 21st century, since it will drastically alter the living conditions of millions of people, mainly in the Global South. Environmental violence, including resource crises such as peak fossil fuel, will lie at the heart of future conflicts. However, Genocide Studies have so far neglected this subject, due to the emphasis that traditional genocide scholarship places on ideology and legal prosecution, leading to a narrow understanding of the driving forces of genocide. Climate Change and Genocide aims at changing this, initiating a dialogue between scholars working in the areas of climate change and genocide.
Research into genocide as well as climate change is a highly interdisciplinary endeavour, transcending the boundaries of established disciplines. Contributions to Climate Change and Genocide address this by approaching the subject from a wide array of methodological, theoretical, disciplinary and regional perspectives. As all the contributions show, climate change is a major threat multiplier for violence or non-violent destruction and any understanding of prevention needs to take this into account. They offer a basis for much needed Critical Prevention Studies, which aims at sustainable prevention. Climate Change and Genocide was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Human Rights.
Foreword Jürgen Zimmerer
1. Climate change, environmental violence and genocide Jürgen Zimmerer
2. Subsistence societies, globalisation, climate change and genocide: discourses of vulnerability and resilience Mark Levene and Daniele Conversi
3. Marx, Lemkin and the genocide ecocide nexus Martin Crook and Damien Short
4. Crystallisations of the global western state in the era of climate change Gregory Kent
5. Culturecide in changing Micronesian climates? About the unintentionality of climate change Rebecca Hofmann
6. Genocidal risk and climate change: Africa in the twenty-first century Andreas Exenberger and Andreas Pondorfer
7. Violent climate or climate of violence? Concepts and relations with focus on Kenya and Sudan Jurgen Scheffran, Tobias Ide and Janpeter Schilling
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Jurgen Zimmerer is Professor of History at the University of Hamburg, Germany, and President of the International Network of Genocide Scholars. His research interests include German Colonialism, Comparative Genocide, Colonialism and the Holocaust, Critical Prevention Studies and Environmental Violence and Genocide. He is the author and editor of nine books and numerous articles.