Globally, there are numerous infectious diseases, normally found in vertebrates other than humans, that have been documented to be transmitted to humans and cause human infections. These "zoonotic infections" are the topic of this book.
Zoonoses: Animal Exposure and Human Disease is arranged to have chapters by the type of animal. Within each chapter is information on the animal(s), the normal flora of the animal(s), and the diseases that have been transmitted from this group of animals by bites and/or scratches, contact (including transmission via ectoparasites such as fleas and ticks), ingestion of the animal, and other documented transmission, such as infestation by members of the genus Sarcoptes as has been documented in humans exposed to dogs with "mange", in "cavalryman itch" from horses, from contact with dromedaries, etc.
There are a number of additional issues that takeoff from a fundamental knowledge of zoonotic infections. These include a working knowledge of many of the agends of bioterrorism, as the events of 2001 demonstrated of the use of Bacillus anthracis spores in mailed letters. Another area of importance is that of emerging infections. An analysis of 335 origins of emerging infectious diseases between 1940 and 2004 revealed that these are dominated by infections that are zoonotic in origin, comprising some 60.3% of the emerging infections. Of these, 71.8% originated in wildlife.
Given the importance of this topic in our understanding of infectious disease, a timely source is a necessary addition to the current available literature.
2. Diseases acquired from fish
3. Diseases acquired from amphibians
4. Diseases acquired from reptiles a. Diseases acquired from turtles b. Diseases acquired from snakes c. Diseases acquired from lizards d. Diseases acquired from the Crocodylia (Alligatoridae, Crocodylidae, and Gavialidae)
5. Diseases acquired from birds
6. Diseases acquired from mammals (the order of the chapters in this section will not be the order that is below)
a. Diseases acquired from the order Xenarthrans (armadillos, sloths, and anteaters)
b. Diseases acquired from bats
c. Diseases acquired from bears
d. Diseases acquired from birds
e. Diseases acquired from camelids
f. Diseases acquired from cats and other felids
g. Diseases acquired from the Bovinae (including cattle, bison, water buffalo, buffalo, and yak)
h. Diseases acquired from dogs and other canids
i. Diseases acquired from elephants
j. Diseases acquired from equids
k. Diseases acquired from marine mammals
l. Diseases acquired from marsupials
m. Diseases acquired from non-human primates
n. Diseases acquired from procyonids
o. Diseases acquired from rodents
p. Diseases acquired from the Hippotamidae
q. Diseases acquired from the former order Insectivora (including the orders Soricomorpha, Afrosoricida, Macroscelidea, Erinaceomorpha
a. Zoonotic Infections transmitted by dairy products
b. Zoonotic infections transmitted by transfusion of blood products
c. Zoonotic infections transmitted by solid organ transplant
d. Zoonotic causes of pneumonia
e. Zoonotic causes of central nervous infection
f. Zoonotic causes of eye disease
g. Selected medical and immunologic conditions predisposing people to zoonotic infections
a. Guidelines for pre- and post-exposure rabies prophylaxis
b. Specific labs with expertise in the diagnosis of cercopithecine herpesvirus type-1 (B-virus)
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