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Monarchs in a Changing World: Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Butterfly

By: Karen S Oberhauser (Editor), Kelly R Nail (Editor), Sonia Altizer (Editor)

337 pages, 16 plates with colour photos and colour illustrations; 98 b/w illustrations and maps, 27 tables

Comstock Publishing Associates

Hardback | Jun 2015 | #220426 | ISBN-13: 9780801453151
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £21.50 $27/€26 approx

About this book

Monarch butterflies are among the most popular insect species in the world and are an icon for conservation groups and environmental education programs. Monarch caterpillars and adults are easily recognizable as welcome visitors to gardens in North America and beyond, and their spectacular migration in eastern North America (from breeding locations in Canada and the United States to overwintering sites in Mexico) has captured the imagination of the public.

Monarch migration, behavior, and chemical ecology have been studied for decades. Yet many aspects of monarch biology have come to light in only the past few years. These aspects include questions regarding large-scale trends in monarch population sizes, monarch interactions with pathogens and insect predators, and monarch molecular genetics and large-scale evolution. A growing number of current research findings build on the observations of citizen scientists, who monitor monarch migration, reproduction, survival, and disease. Monarchs face new threats from humans as they navigate a changing landscape marked by deforestation, pesticides, genetically modified crops, and a changing climate, all of which place the future of monarchs and their amazing migration in peril.

To meet the demand for a timely synthesis of monarch biology, conservation and outreach, Monarchs in a Changing World summarizes recent developments in scientific research, highlights challenges and responses to threats to monarch conservation, and showcases the many ways that monarchs are used in citizen science programs, outreach, and education. It examines issues pertaining to the eastern and western North American migratory populations, as well as to monarchs in South America, the Pacific and Caribbean Islands, and Europe. The target audience includes entomologists, population biologists, conservation policymakers, and K–12 teachers.

"Few other species capture the imagination and provide fodder for knowledge and innovation like the monarch. Monarchs in a Changing World is a beautiful illustration of both."
– Jessica Hellmann, University of Notre Dame

"Monarchs in a Changing World summarizes work that reinforces, extends, and ameliorates our understanding of the biology of the monarch butterfly, with a particular focus on key research, conservation, and outreach efforts that aim to preserve this species, its range and habitats, and its awe-inspiring long-distance migration in eastern North America. This book presents a variety of interesting and thought-provoking topics to readers. They range from studies on the population dynamics and ecology of monarchs in different areas around the globe to current and ongoing conservation and management efforts that span personal, local, state, national, and international boundaries. This book will serve as the key resource for those people interested in using monarch butterflies as a model organism in citizen science, science literacy, and environmental education programs."
– Steven M. Reppert, MD, Distinguished Professor of Neurobiology and Higgins Family Professor of Neuroscience, University of Massachusetts Medical School


Contents

Part One. Model Programs for Citizen Science, Education, and Conservation: An Overview
Karen S. Oberhauser

1. Environmental Education and Monarchs: Reaching across Disciplines, Generations, and Nations
Elisabeth Young-Isebrand, Karen S. Oberhauser, Kim Bailey, Sonya Charest, Brian Hayes, Elizabeth Howard, Jim Lovett, Susan Meyers, Erik Mollenhauer, Eneida B. Montesiños-Patino, Ann Ryan, Orley R. Taylor, and Rocío Treviño

2. Contributions to Monarch Biology and Conservation through Citizen Science: Seventy Years and Counting
Karen S. Oberhauser, Leslie Ries, Sonia Altizer, Rebecca V. Batalden, Janet Kudell-Ekstrum, Mark Garland, Elizabeth Howard, Sarina Jepsen, Jim Lovett, Mía Monroe, Gail Morris, Eduardo Rendón-Salinas, Richard G. RuBino, Ann Ryan, Orley R. Taylor, Rocío Treviño, Francis X. Villablanca, and Dick Walton

3. Monarch Habitat Conservation across North America: Past Progress and Future Needs
Priya C. Shahani, Guadalupe del Río Pesado, Phil Schappert, and Eligio García Serrano

Part Two. Monarchs as Herbivores, Prey, and Hosts: An Overview
Jacobus C. de Roode

4. Macroevolutionary Trends in the Defense of Milkweeds against Monarchs: Latex, Cardenolides, and Tolerance of Herbivory
Anurag A. Agrawal, Jared G. Ali, Sergio Rasmann, and Mark Fishbein

5. Invertebrate Natural Enemies and Stage-Specific Mortality Rates of Monarch Eggs and Larvae
Alma De Anda and Karen S. Oberhauser

6. Lacewings, Wasps, and Flies—Oh My: Insect Enemies Take a Bite out of Monarchs
Karen S. Oberhauser, Michael Anderson, Sophia Anderson, Wendy Caldwell, Alma De Anda, Mark Hunter, Matthew C. Kaiser, and Michelle J. Solensky

7. Monarchs and Their Debilitating Parasites: Immunity, Migration, and Medicinal Plant Use
Sonia Altizer and Jacobus C. de Roode

Part Three. Monarchs in a Changing Climate: An Overview
Kelly R. Nail and Karen S. Oberhauser

8. What's Too Hot and What’s Too Cold? Lethal and Sublethal Effects of Extreme Temperatures on Developing Monarchs
Kelly R. Nail, Rebecca V. Batalden, and Karen S. Oberhauser

9. Microclimatic Protection of Overwintering Monarchs Provided by Mexico’s High-Elevation Oyamel Fir Forests: A Review
Ernest H. Williams and Lincoln P. Brower

10. Effect of the 2010–2011 Drought on the Lipid Content of Monarchs Migrating through Texas to Overwintering Sites in Mexico
Lincoln P. Brower, Linda S. Fink, Ridlon J. Kiphart, Victoria Pocius, Raúl R. Zubieta, and M. Isabel Ramírez

11. Estimating the Climate Signal in Monarch Population Decline: No Direct Evidence for an Impact of Climate Change?
Myron P. Zalucki, Lincoln P. Brower, Stephen B. Malcolm, and Benjamin H. Slager

Part Four. Conserving North American Monarch Butterflies: An Overview
Lincoln P. Brower and Linda S. Fink

12. Understanding and Conserving the Western North American Monarch Population
Sarina Jepsen and Scott Hoffman Black

13. Threats to the Availability of Overwintering Habitat in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve: Land Use and Climate Change
M. Isabel Ramírez, Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Gerald Rehfeldt, and Lidia Salas-Canela

14. Monarch Butterflies and Agriculture
John M. Pleasants

15. Fires and Fire Management in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve
Héctor Martínez-Torres, Mariana Cantú-Fernández, M. Isabel Ramírez, and Diego R. Pérez-Salicrup

16. Project Milkweed: A Strategy for Monarch Habitat Conservation
Brianna Borders and Eric Lee-Mäder

17. Grassland and Roadside Management Practices Affect Milkweed Abundance and Opportunities for Monarch Recruitment
Kristen A. Baum and Elisha K. Mueller

Part Five. New Perspectives on Monarch Migration, Evolution, and Population Biology: An Overview
Andrew K. Davis and Sonia Altizer

18. Tracking the Fall Migration of Eastern Monarchs with Journey North Roost Sightings: New Findings about the Pace of Fall Migration
Elizabeth Howard and Andrew K. Davis

19. Potential Changes in Eastern North American Monarch Migration in Response to an Introduced Milkweed, Asclepias curassavica
Rebecca V. Batalden and Karen S. Oberhauser

20. Migration and Host Plant Use by the Southern Monarch, Danaus erippus
Stephen B. Malcolm and Benjamin H. Slager

21. Monarchs in the Mist: New Perspectives on Monarch Distribution in the Pacific Northwest
Robert Michael Pyle

22. Monarchs across the Atlantic Ocean: What’s Happening on the Other Shore?
Juan Fernández-Haeger, Diego Jordano, and Myron P. Zalucki

23. Unraveling the Mysteries of Monarch Migration and Global Dispersal through Molecular Genetic Techniques
Amanda A. Pierce, Sonia Altizer, Nicola L. Chamberlain, Marcus R. Kronforst, and Jacobus C. de Roode

24. Connecting Eastern Monarch Population Dynamics across Their Migratory Cycle
Leslie Ries, Douglas J. Taron, Eduardo Rendón-Salinas, and Karen S. Oberhauser

References
Contributors
Index


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