Series: Wetlands: Ecology, Conservation and Management Volume: 5
240 pages, 24 colour & 7 b/w illustrations, 10 tables
Wetlands and Human Health addresses the complex interactions that occur between wetlands and the health and well-being of people. As wetlands provide many valuable ecosystem services and are amongst the most degraded ecosystems globally, further degradation could greatly affect the wellbeing and health of people dependent on them. Healthy wetlands are generally associated with enhanced ecosystem services and improved outcomes for human health, and unhealthy wetlands with degraded ecosystem services and poor outcomes for human health. However, the relationships can also be paradoxical with some direct benefits for human health leading to the loss of other ecosystem services, in particular regulating and supporting services, and the enhancement of others, leading to poor outcomes for human health. This results in a health paradox whereby there is a loss regulating and supporting services from steps to enhance human health. A wetland paradox also occurs when there are poor outcomes for human health as a consequence of the maintenance or enhancement of ecosystem services.
In response a framework for the conceptualisation of human and wetland relationships, including the paradoxical situations has been provided based on the concept of wetlands as settings for human health. This enables the trade-offs that have and will occur between wetland ecosystem services and human health to be addressed. Interventions for managing wetlands can have important implications for human health and well-being, although these may not always be recognised. While the Ramsar Convention has provided an international forum for addressing the wise use of wetlands and providing guidance for managers it has only recently considered the human health implications of wetland management. Through the policy setting provided by the Convention a set of health-related activities have been identified and in Wetlands and Human Health mapped against the wise use guidance previously provided.
Tackling these problems requires genuine cross-disciplinary collaboration; a key finding of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment that considered the links between human well-being and ecosystem health. Wetlands and Human Health brings the disciplines of ecology and health sciences closer to provide a synthesis for researchers, teachers and policy makers interested in or needing information to manage wetlands and human health and well-being issues.
- Wetlands as settings for human health - the benefits and the paradox
- Public health perspectives on water systems and ecology
- Wetlands, well-being, food security and medicinal products
- Wetlands as sites of exposure to infectious diseases
- Wetlands as sites of exposure to pollution and toxicants
- Healthy wetlands, healthy people: mosquito borne disease
- Wetlands as livelihoods and contributions they make to health and well-being
- Wetlands and health: how do urban wetlands contribute to community well-being? Wetlands as places that help absorb the damage of natural disasters
- Interventions required to enhance human well-being by addressing the erosion of ecosystem services in wetlands
- Wetland wise use and human health - guidance for wetland managers
- A synthesis of the benefits and paradoxes of wetlands as settings for human health
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