It is the first taxonomic review of the entire Old World fauna of the widespread temperate ant genus Myrmica that is famed for its interactions with many social parasites of high nature conservation interest, e.g. Large Blue butterflies (Phengaris spp.) This about 800 pages monograph is more than a traditional taxonomic review, it gives the history of the taxonomic treatment of Myrmica, summarises the current knowledge of the social biology and ecology of the genus, analyses the zoogeography of the various species and outlines the author's views on the evolution and speciation within the genus.
The authors currently recognise 142 extant and 5 extinct species from the Old World and they provide identification keys to the species for each of seven geographic regions. This should make the keys more user-friendly for non-specialists. The locations of the type specimens are noted in the taxonomic catalogue, which is arranged alphabetically by species, as are the accurate line-drawings of every species. These illustrate features such as the shape and sculpture of the head and body, used in the identification keys. This arrangement makes it easy to find the data for any particular species.
There is a full list of all names ascribed to genus Myrmica and a table of synonyms from among the valid names is provided. The etymology of many of the names is interesting and provides insights to thoughts of the original authors as does the short biographies are made for all authors of more than one valid species of Myrmica.
The authors believe that there are many species of Myrmica yet to be discovered, particularly in the Indo-Oriental regions and in the southern mountains of Eurasia. Myrmica Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World provides the essential starting point for future studies.
“This is a much-needed publication. The genus Myrmica [...] has been shown to be a key component of all natural and semi-natural (terrestrial) biotopes, and to have many interactions with other invertebrate and plant species that have high conservation value. It is one of the few genera of insects that ‘shapes’ the composition of whole ecosystems. [...] Such is the importance of this ant genus to biology, that scarcely a week that goes by without a paper being published on the socio-biology, behaviour, taxonomy, physiology, ecology, evolutionary biology or interactions of Myrmica: to my knowledge, Nature and Science have published eight papers on these topics since 2000. [...] One of the main problems for conservationists, land managers and non-ant-specialist biologists is that, outside of Western Europe, the taxonomy and identification of the genus is poorly known and keys – where they exist – are very old and not available in English or other widely understood languages ... quite apart from the scholarly yet readable text, the superb illustrations set new standards for ant taxonomists, and are notable for their accuracy and clarity (and beauty). This alone will be of immense help to the many practical biologists who need to work with and to understand Myrmica species.”
- Prof. Jeremy Thomas (Professor of Ecology, Oxford University)
"Graham Elmes was a former colleague and I know that he is the foremost expert on the ecology and biology of Myrmica ants, while Alexander Radchenko has an unrivalled grasp of the world-wide taxonomy of this fascinating and important ant genus. Together they have surely produced a unique synthesis of the biology and taxonomy of Myrmica."
- Dr. Karsten Schönrogge (Head of Myrmecophily Research, CEH, UK)
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Alexander Radchenko is one of Europe's leading ant taxonomists and an expert on the ant fauna of the Palaearctic, while Graham Elmes is an ecologist and eco-physiologist who has made a particular study of Myrmica ants over a 45 year career.