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Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications

Brings together a team of world-renowned scientists involved with measuring and understanding the process and effects of carrion ecology in nature, with special application in such applied fields as forensic entomology, animal science, and human and environmental health
Presents the molecular mechanistic foundations that provide the foundation for intra- and interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, and how this manifests into habitat and ecosystem-level importance
Addresses practical issues such as waste or animal decomposition on a large scale
Contains a 16-page full-color insert

By: Mark Eric Benbow (Editor), Jeffery Keith Tomberlin (Editor), Aaron M Tarone (Editor)

593 pages, 16 plates with colour photos and colour illustrations; 103 b/w photos and b/w illustrations, 17 tables

CRC Press

Hardback | Sep 2015 | #224230 | ISBN-13: 9781466575462
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £76.99 $97/€90 approx

About this book

In recent years, there have been major technological innovations allowing important microbial mechanisms and interactions with arthropods that drive carrion decomposition to be described. Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications fills a historical information gap in the ecology of decomposing animal organic matter. The book covers the molecular mechanistic foundations that provide the foundation for intra- and interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, and how this manifests into habitat- and ecosystem-level importance.


Contents

INTRODUCTION TO CARRION DECOMPOSITION
- Introduction to Carrion, Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications
      Eric Benbow, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, and Aaron M. Tarone
- Processes and Mechanisms of Death and Decomposition of Vertebrate Carrion
      Shari L. Forbes and David O. Carter
- Microbial Interactions During Carrion Decomposition
      Tawni L. Crippen, M. Eric Benbow, and Jennifer L. Pechal
- Arthropod Communities in Terrestrial Environments
      Richard W. Merritt and Grant D. De Jong
- Carrion Effects on Belowground Communities and Consequences for Soil Proceßes
      Michael S. Strickland and Kyle Wickings
- Ecological Role of Vertebrate Scavengers
      James C. Beasley, Zach H. Olson, and Travis L. DeVault
- Design and Analysis of Field Studies in Carrion Ecology
      Kenneth G. Schoenly, J.-P. Michaud, and GaÉtan Moreau

ECOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF CARRION DECOMPOSITION
- Community and Landscape Ecology of Carrion
      Eric Benbow, Jennifer L. Pechal, Rachel M. Mohr
- Chemical Ecology of Vertebrate Carrion
      Jonathan A. Cammack, Meaghan L. Pimsler, Tawni L. Crippen, and Jeffery K. Tomberlin
- Vertebrate Carrion as a Model for Conducting Behavior Research
      Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Michelle R. Sanford, Meaghan L. Pimsler, and Sherah L. VanLaerhoven
- Modeling Species Interactions within Carrion Food Webs
      Sherah L. VanLaerhoven
- Aquatic Vertebrate Carrion Decomposition
      John R. Wallace
- The Role of Carrion in Ecosystems
      Philip S. Barton

EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY OF CARRION DECOMPOSITION
- Ecological Genetics
      Aaron M. Tarone
- Quantitative Genetics of Life-History Traits in Coprophagous and Necrophagous Insects
      Wolf Blanckenhorn
- Carrion and Dung Mimicry in Plants
      Andreas Jürgens and Adam Shuttleworth
- Population Genetics and Molecular Evolution of Carrion-Associated Arthropods
      Christine J. Picard, Jonathan J. Parrott, and John W. Whale
- Microbial Genetics and Systematics
      Michael S. Allen and Michael G. LaMontagne
- Microbiome Studies of Carrion Decomposition
      Jeßica L. Metcalf, David O. Carter, and Rob Knight
- Interkingdom Ecological Interactions of Carrion Decomposition
      Heather R. Jordan, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Thomas K. Wood, and M. Eric Benbow
- Ecology of African Carrion
      Sarah C. Jones, Eli D. Strauß, and Kay E. Holekamp

APPLICATIONS OF CARRION DECOMPOSITION
- Carrion Communities as Indicators in Fisheries, Wildlife Management, and Conservation
      D. Hocking and S.M. O’Regan
- Composting as a Method for Carrion Disposal in Livestock Production
      Shanwei Xu, Tim Reuter, Kim Stanford, Francis J. Larney, and Tim A. McAllister
- Human Decomposition and Forensics
      Gail S. Anderson
- Frontiers in Carrion Ecology and Evolution
      Eric Benbow, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, and Aaron M. Tarone


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Biography

Dr. M. Eric Benbow is an Assistant Professor in the Departments of Entomology and Osteopathic Medical Specialties at Michigan State University. The research in his lab focuses on microbial-invertebrate community interactions in aquatic ecosystems, disease systems and carrion ecology and evolution. All of these research foci use basic science to inform applications in areas such as human health, natural resources management and forensics. Dr. Benbow has authored or co-authored a collection of over 100 peer-reviewed papers, book chapters, and proceedings, many of which relate to carrion decomposition ecology. He has served on a National Research Council committee related to aquatic ecology, and is regularly invited as a speaker at international and national academic meetings related to aquatic, disease and decomposition ecology. Dr. Benbow has led workshops at the international level discussing experimental design, statistical analyses and the importance of novel basic ecological concepts in advancing the field of carrion ecology and applications in forensics. Dr. Benbow was part of the inaugural executive committee for the North American Forensic Entomology Association (NAFEA) where he served as the Editor-in-Chief of the annual NAFEA Newsletter and NAFEA Webmaster (www.nafea.net) for eight years. He was the president of NAFEA from 2012-2013 and has served as an expert witness and worked on several cases that involved insects as evidence during investigations or water resource litigation. He continues a recognized research program in microbe-insect interactions that supports undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates. Dr. Benbow continues to mentor and co-mentor students and postdoctoral associates through research and teaching. He sees the future of ecology and evolution to fundamentally be in the hands of students and early scientists worldwide.

Dr. Jeffery K. Tomberlin is an associate professor and co-director of the Forensic & Investigative Sciences Program and principal investigator of the Forensic Laboratory for Investigative Entomological Sciences (FLIES) facility (forensicentomology.tamu.edu) in the Department of Entomology at Texas A&M University. Research in the FLIES facility examines species interactions on ephemeral resources such as vertebrate carrion, decomposing plant material, and animal wastes to better understand the mechanisms regulating arthropod behavior related to arrival, colonization, and succession patterns. The goals of his program are to refine current methods used by entomologists in forensic investigations. His research is also focused on waste management in confined animal facilities and the production of alternate protein sources for use as livestock, poultry, and aquaculture feed. Since arriving on campus at Texas A&M University in 2007, six PhD and eight MS students have completed their degrees under his supervision. Dr. Tomberlin welcomes those who are interested in collaborating or gaining experience in forensic entomology or other areas of his research to visit the FLIES facility. Dr. Tomberlin has been very active within the forensic science community. He, along with a colleague, initiated the first forensic entomology conference in North America as well as the formation of the North America Forensic Entomology Association, of which he served as the first president. He is also a Fellow in the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and has served as the chair of the Pathology/Biology Section. Dr. Tomberlin is also one of the 17 entomologists who are board certified by the American Board of Forensic Entomology (ABFE). He has served several roles within the ABFE including secretary and chair.

Dr. Aaron M. Tarone is an assistant professor in the Department of Entomology at Texas A&M University. He teaches in the in the Forensic & Investigative Sciences Program housed in that Department and is part of the Texas A&M University Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Doctoral Program. Dr. Tarone is a member of the Genetics Society of America, the Entomological Society of America, and the North American Forensic Entomology Association. Research in his laboratory is centered on genetic studies of development time and body size both in model organisms like Drosophila melanogaster and in carrion feeding blow flies. Dr. Tarone has also been a leader in developing genomic tools for non-model organisms, including carrion feeding insects. He has been involved in genomic projects related to carrion biology that have been funded by Texas A&M University and the National Institute of Justice and he assisted in the annotation of the Tsetse genome. He hopes to use knowledge gained from his research to increase the accuracy and precision of estimates of insect age in forensic investigations while simultaneously furthering basic knowledge in the evolutionary ecology of carrion systems.

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