After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally – and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors – there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.
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List of abbreviations
22. The Sciences of the Earth
23. Geography and cartography
24. Geology (and related sciences)
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