Books  Zoology  Invertebrates  Invertebrates: General 

Soil Invertebrates: Kaleidoscope of Adaptations

By: Nico M van Straalen (Author)

400 pages, 350 b/w illustrations

Apple Academic Press

Hardback | 2018 | #224850 | ISBN-13: 9781482231236
Available for pre-order: Due Aug 2018 Details
NHBS Price: £63.99 $80/€76 approx

About this book

Soil Invertebrates: Kaleidoscope of Adaptations places the biodiversity of soil invertebrates in an evolutionary framework, showing the various adaptations to the soil environment. Species radiations are discussed for each of the terrestrializations leading to a lineage of soil invertebrates. Phylogenetic analyses, now becoming available for most of these groups thanks to DNA sequencing, show monophyly of complete soil-living groups in some cases and multiple independent soil adaptations in others.

Soil Invertebrates: Kaleidoscope of Adaptations includes many classical methods of soil animal enumeration and community surveys developed in the 1970s, which can now be supplemented by physiological and molecular study techniques.


Contents

- The selective environment of the soil
- The origin of soils
- Soil structure, heterogeneity and organic matter
- Temperature and humidity gradients
- The rhizosphere
- Microbial communities
- Biodiversity and phylogeny of terrestrialized invertebrate lineages
- Fauna of porewater and groundwater
- Flatworms and earthworms
- Snails and slugs
- Spiders, mites and other arachnids
- Terrestrial isopods and amphipods
- Myriapods
- Collembola and other apterygote hexapods
- Beetles
- Nest-building insects
- Insect larvae
- Soil invertebrate populations in space and time
- Population dynamics: seasonal and long-term
- Aggregation and dispersal mechanisms
- Genetic structure
- Spatial distribution and isolation by distance
- Reproductive and life-history patterns
- Body size
- Feeding habits
- The balance between reproduction and mortality
- Sexual behaviour
- Parthenogenesis
- Physiological adaptations
- Patterns of metabolic rate
- Drought tolerance
- Cold hardiness
- Defence against microbial attack
- Adaptation to toxicants and habitat disturbance
- Molecular mechanisms of defense
- Pesticides
- Heavy metals
- Indices of disturbance
- Soil invertebrates as pests
- Conclusion: a kaleidoscope of adaptations in soil

Appendix:
- Methods of study
- Sampling and extraction
- Physiological methods
- Genomics and transcriptomics


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